The life of a Diabetic Type 1 Diabeties

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually found in children (must require constant care), and young adults or can occur at the age of 30+ and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. There are 5% of people that is diagnosed with the form of this disease. Researchers are trying to figure out what causes diabetes, but they did found out that your genes don’t tell the whole story of what actually happens. Knowing the warning signs of a T1D patient can save many lives. People diagnosed with T1D must manage their diabetes by monitoring their blood sugar. In type 1 diabetes, there is an insulin deficiency due to the destruction of the body’s beta cells that create insulin. The insulin that is produced, in normal people, unlocks the door for glucose, the cell’s source of energy, to enter the cell. Without insulin, the cell cannot get it’s energy and the glucose remains in the bloodstream and makes the body have high blood sugar.

Dietary Guidlines

Type 1 diabetics use insulin shots to maintain blood sugar levels, but it is still important for type 1 diabetics to maintain a balance between food eaten and insulin needed. The nutrient intake needs to be maximized and carbohydrate, carbs, and sodium intake minimized in order to maintain a healthy diet. It is recommended to eat a variety of fruits and vegetable that contain natural nutrients and vitamins, but do not contain too much starch. Examples of good choices of fruits/vegetable would be; grapefruit, oranges,carrots, cucumber, and tomatoes. The ratio that a diabetic should maintain is a 55:20:25(carbs:fats:protein) diet , and it is recommended to limit carbohydrate intake to 45-60 grams per meal. Nutrient dense carbohydrates are recommended to eat because there is more nutrients and less carbohydrates.

Type1Diabetes

Monitoring Blood Sugar

Diabetics need to constantly monitor their blood sugar levels in order to stay healthy and administer the correct amount of insulin. Diabetics need to test before any meal, to result in testing at least 3 times a day. The average blood glucose levels for diabetics before eating ranges from 80-130 and 2 hours after meals it is supposed to range around 180. Diabetics use meters to test their blood glucose levels throughout the day by drawing a small amount of blood and putting it on a strip of glucose paper that is then read by the meter. A A1C test shows the average blood sugar levels over the course of three months for diabetes diagnosis, research and diabetes management. An A1C level below 7 percent is considered Type 1 Diabetes.

Exercise

Any physical activity done can change the dosage of insulin needed for T1D, but physical activity is needed in order to maintain a healthy life, and control glucose(blood sugar) levels. Exercise increases your insulin sensitivity, so if you exercise your body wouldn’t need insulin to process carbohydrates. This is also a great treatment for Type 1 Diabetes. Young adults and children diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes don’t only have to exercise , but also eat healthy. Regardless if they have Type 1 diabetes or not they still have to be active in someway, such as, Running/Jogging, Walking, Basketball, Tennis, and etc. You should get at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. In fact, the American Diabetes Association recommends 150 minutes of moderate exercise a week, which works out to 30 minutes a week. If you think that you can't do 30 minutes, you can break the exercise up into parts—10 minutes here and there.

Areobic Exercise

Short Stories

"I thought everyone at school would think I was injecting drugs"

Chandler Bennett was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in October 2004.

She maintains a positive attitude to life, and has learned to manage her condition by calculating the carbohydrates in her food and taking insulin.

"When I was diagnosed, my first thought was, 'Oh my God, why me?' I used to be terrified of injections, so that side of it completely scared me.

"I was self-conscious at first. I didn't want to inject myself in front of everyone. I thought it was going to be embarrassing and everyone at school would think I was injecting drugs in the middle of lunch.

"If I hadn't taken the medication, my blood sugars would have risen and I would have started to feel dizzy. If I'd continued not taking insulin, I would have got ill, probably thrown up and eventually I would have died.

"When you have type 1 diabetes, you have to calculate the carbohydrates in your meals. A piece of toast has 20g of carbohydrates, and I have one unit of insulin for every time I eat 20g of carbohydrates.

"It was a foreign idea. I hadn't ever considered food as something to be calculated. Sometimes school lunch can be a bit difficult because you don't really know what's in everything.

"It was tricky and I made mistakes at first. You have to expect that. However, you get into a pattern and everything becomes second nature.

"It definitely affects my sports. I have to check my blood sugars more frequently when I'm playing sport. I do quite like competitive sprinting, which is difficult because adrenaline in sport brings your blood sugars up rapidly.

"A few months after I was diagnosed, I moved on to the insulin pump. It was a good change for me. It definitely gives me a lot more flexibility. It's like a bigger injection, once every three days, and it pumps in insulin throughout the day.

"Sometimes I get little red spots on my body, which makes me self-conscious when I'm going to the beach. I don't really like to wear bikinis.

"It was definitely a bit of a nightmare at first, but if you approach diabetes with a positive attitude, it just becomes another part of who you are.

"Everyone can control diabetes. You just have to put in the effort. It's worth it, because when it's controlled, you feel you're just like everybody else."

Works Cited

Type 1 diabetes - Chandler's story - NHS Choices. (16, May 9). Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Diabetes-type1/Pages/Chandlersstory.aspx

Abma, R. K. (2009, May 13). Blood Sugar Monitoring: When to Check and Why - Diabetes Self-Management. Retrieved December 07, 2016, from http://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/managing-diabetes/blood-glucose-management/blood-glucose-monitoring-when-to-check-and-why/

Type 1 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved December 07, 2T016, from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/

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Created with images by Bessi - "aroni arsa children" • Sprogz - "The Balancing Act of the Diabetic" • PublicDomainPictures - "tennis sports girl"

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