## ReasonShivani bathija

### Journals

#### Journal #1

Shivani Bathija

Reshmi P., Ashmal L, Muno O.

February 14th, 2017

I was not in class today, however my group informed me that we are doing reason for our second Way of Knowledge badge. I am glad I am doing reason and intrigued on the topic, as reason is a subject that has an incredible amount of depth that is used every day. I have not discussed yet what we are planning for our presentation for this badge, however I personally believe that we should do something interactive with the class and have our peers make judgement on a certain scenario given, to show the difference of our reason and how it changes with certain variable and circumstances.

#### Journal #2

Shivani Bathija

Reshmi P, Ashmal L, Muno O.

February 16th, 2017

Today in class we were supposed to take a quiz on our chosen ways of knowledge to move on to working on our presentations. Well, I ended up failing the quiz on reason three times. 6/10 points each time, with five questions. I think the biggest problem was I wasn’t able to retain any of the information on the lesson, as I wasn’t in the last class. Mr. Morrison pulled me aside and told me another way I could prove that I understand the reason chapter of the textbook. He told me to go home and read up on Zeno's Paradox and draw something that represents that paradox. I just finished my drawing, and basically Zeno's Paradox takes the example of Achilles walking to the park, and how while it may take fifteen minutes to walk to the park, the halfway point takes ten minutes, the quarter point takes five minutes, half to the quarter takes 2.5 minutes and so on. In the end, the conclusion of this paradox would be able to answer the question “How long does it take Achilles to walk to the park?” with “An infinite amount of time.” This connects to our way of knowing because with Zeno's knower’s perspective, it may be a reasonable assumption to make, but in reality it definitively does take 15 minutes for Achilles to go to the park.

#### Journal #3

Shivani Bathija

Reshmi P, Ashmal L, Muno O.

February 21st, 2017

Today, we were able to come up with an in depth plan for our presentation. Some of it had already been planned and finished due to me not being able to work the last class due to my whole quiz fiasco. My group had found a section in our textbook where an extremely vague story is given, and extremely detailed questions are asked for a true, false or uncertain response. Most of the answers to the questions were uncertain, but people tend to pick either true or false because in their head, they believe those details were actually mentioned in the story. This shows how judgement and assumption effect the way we reason. We plan to mimic this question and ask four different people outside of class with a vague story we created based off a story we found online. We also plan to interact with the class with only three out of the ten questions we asked people outside of the experiment.

#### Journal #4

Shivani Bathija

Reshmi P, Ashmal L, Muno O.

February 23rd, 2017

My group presented in class today, and we did not do as well as we expected. While a sufficient amount of research was done, in our presentation it was difficult to retain that research. My group did a poor job communicating with one another after the last time we all had met, and therefore we did not make clear connections to reason itself and our essential question. Consequently, we were told to redo the presentation. My group met up during club time today and rewrote our script to relate back to our way of knowing, and in result I found it a more clear and concise presentation. We each did a voice recording of our part of the presentation, and I plan to edit it as a video for our redo presentation over the weekend. I believe that it was a good idea to redo the presentation, and in a way I was able to learn more.

For my elective reading, I chose to watch and study the TED Talk on TED ED called "What is Zeno's Dichotomy Paradox?" by Colm Kelleher. In this talk, Kelleher explains Zeno's Paradox. As I explained in one of my previous journals, Zeno's Paradox is the given example of Achilles having a ten minute walk to the park. However, to reach the park, you must reach the halfway point, in which it takes five minutes to walk to the halfway point. To get to that halfway point, you must get to the quarter point of the entire path, which is halfway to the halfway point. That would take two and a half minutes. This goes on and on and on, to the smallest of numbers and the smallest of units. Because of this, Zeno would say that the amount of time that it takes Achilles to walk to the park is an infinite amount of time. This relates to the essential question my group chose, because while Zeno has reasoning behind his conclusion, it doesn't mean it's the right one. We know this because we have all journeyed and reached our destinations in a set amount of time, and we are not infinitely walking to that destination. This shows a logical fallacy, and shows the limits of our reasoning.

### Extension Proposal

For the extension proposal for reason, I think the best thing I would say to add to the list of elective readings would be "Catcher in the Rye" by J.D. Salinger. I chose this because of the main character, Holden Caulfield's decisions throughout the book. He believes he is justified to be cold and crude towards people because of certain, absurd qualities he does not like in these people. His reasoning is that anyone who does something that isn't in his interest is a "phony", and therefore he should not respect that person. That is a logical fallacy and it shows that even though this is the main character, it does not mean that his reasoning is correct and should be taken for word.