Slow down to speed up.
We mountain bike because we like speed.
But, cows do not.
In cattle, speed is a direct indicator of stress. If a cow is running away from you, you have stressed it (Smith 1998).
Stress and fear may provoke a cow to defend itself and it's calf by behaving aggressively towards you.
If you encounter cows, slowing down, giving the cows some space, and having a calm demeanor, will give the cows a chance to move along with no conflict.
Photo above: A photo of two cattle in a field of sagebrush and grass. Photo at right: A mountain biker speeds down a trail in the mountains.
Pay attention to what the cattle are telling you.
Lifted heads and ears signal awareness. The cows are evaluating, "is this person a threat?"
Slowing down and stopping can help signal that you are not a threat, thus preventing a fear-based reaction by the cows.
Photo: Three cattle in a field of sagebrush and grass observe the photographer warily.
Get out of the line of sight of cows
and communicate with the rancher on where to stand.
(Cows won't move forward towards you.)
If you are standing in a gate, and a cow or herd is facing you, you are signaling to the cow/ herd to stop forward motion. In order for cows to move past you, you need to step to the side, and maybe get out of sight of the cows.
If you come up behind a bunch of cows, it is critical to communicate with the rancher on where to go, and how long they think they'll be on the road.
Photo: A photo of a rancher moving a herd of cattle down a county road.
Have your dog under control.
Cows perceive your dog as a predator.
Photo: A photo of a dog wearing a pink collar.
Leave gates open that are open,
... and close gates behind you if you find them closed.
If you close gates that should be open, you might be cutting off access to water for livestock. If you open up gates that should be closed, you are probably creating hours of work for a rancher.
You also might be impacting the resource. Grazing on the National Forest and BLM lands is managed for specific goals with regards to the vegetation. If cattle have already moved off a pasture, and you leave a gate open, you may risk them going back into that pasture, leading to possible overgrazing.
Photo: A photo of a fence and a gate on Bureau of Land Management Land in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado.
Share the trail.
Public lands are multiple use.
Without the ability to graze on public lands, many ranches would cease to exist - leaving privately held lands open for development. Ranchers also benefit wildlife by maintaining infrastructure (like water tanks) that improve wildlife habitat. Range management has greatly improved in the last 30 years, minimizing negative impacts to the ecology of public lands.
Photo: A photo of a United States Forest Service Sign on the Routt National Forest, with aspen trees and mountains in the background.