The Arctic Fox is a native species of most tundra biomes but is now facing the risk of extinction. This species losing habitat to an invasive species (invasive species in HIPPCO), the Red Fox. As more Red Foxes settle into the tundra biome, less food and land are available for the Arctic Fox to thrive on. Climate change also plays a role in this endangerment. The tundra temperatures have been increasing causing the Arctic Fox to need to migrate further north (climate change in HIPPCO).
The Pine Tree is an invasive species to the tundra biome. This species was planted in the tundra to increase forest and habitat size. However, this plant species uses a majority of what little resources, such as nutrients and sunlight, other plant species also rely on which forces them out and declines their population.
The Caribou has a double coat of fur which keeps the animal warm and dry in the tundra biome. The split shape of their hooves helps them to walk on snow and ice.
The Arctic Wolf has a thick coat of fur and small hairs between the pads on their paws to keep warm in freezing temperatures. Their pack dynamics have also adapted to better suit the demanding environment. Only the alpha male and females can reproduce to keep population size limited and ensure proper distribution of resources.
The Arctic Hare's white fur allows it to blend in with its snowy surroundings and hide from predators. They have adapted their eating habits to feed on most plants and even some smaller species that are naturally found in the tundra biome. They have also adapted to make nested under rocks and moss to keep warm in the freezing temperatures.
Arctic Moss is one of the few plants to grow in the tundra. It covers the ground and warms it which allows other plants to be able to grow. Migrating animals in this biome use the moss as food and a habitat/home.
Bearberry is a plant found naturally in the tundra biome that many native animals feed on. Its leathery textured leaves and keep act as a protection from the climate and its low height keeps it out of extreme wind chill.
The Pasque flower, like most other arctic or tundra plants, grows low to the ground to keep out of harsh winds. Its silky fine hair help keep it from freezing and protected from climate.