French Revolution By: kiel cardenas

There were five main causes for the French Revolution. The first one was Social. It was the emergence of an influential bourgeoisie which was formerly part of the Third Estate but had evolved into a caste with its own agenda and aspired to political equality with the clergy and the aristocracy.

The sound and third were Cultural and Financial. Cultural was the Enlightenment philosophy desacralized the authority of the monarchy and the Catholic Church, and promoted a new society based on reason instead of traditions. Financial was mainly France's debt. This would just go on to shake things up more. The implementation of new taxes would reduce the privileges of the people.

The final two were Political and Economic. Political cause of the French Revolution was when Louis XVI faced virulent opposition from provincial parlements which were the spearheads of the privileged classes resistance to royal reforms. The Economic cause was the deregulation of the grain market, advocated by liberal economists, resulted in an increase in bread prices. In period of bad harvests, it would lead to food scarcity which would prompt the masses to revolt.

Napoleon is seen as a hero by some people, and some people see him as a villain. It depends if you’re French or an enemy of France. Both sides have many points supporting that he was a hero and that he was a villain. It can be argued that he was a hero because he was a strong military leader which allowed him to expanded French territory, and for the fact he modernized France. Events that lead to him being seen as a villain were the battles he fought, and the amount of soldiers that died.

In his ascension to power in France, his people considered him a hero because he stopped all the bloodshed from the revolution and prevented a return of the Bourbon monarchy. Once he had his domestic power base in order, he turned to France's borders, which were under attack by reactionary foreign powers, who wanted to restore Bourbon sovereignty to France and prevent the revolutionary ideals from spreading to their lands. He quickly defeated Frances enemies and over the next decade he put France in a constant state of war. As well as enlarging the French empire, Napoleon made changes to the countries which shared a border with it. Napoleon was a strong and powerful military commander, he fought many of his enemies and it took seven coalitions to defeat him. His reasoning for war was to spread his ideas of the French Revolution. As he continued to enter battles winning land he would then make a family member the king. Napoleon himself because King of Italy, his brother Louis became King of Holland and his brother Josepha became king of Naples. With Napoleon only allowing direct family to have control of a country it appears as though he is trying to gain as much power as he possibly can to for a strong alliance among the other countries. This period of warfare drained France of its young men and despite all the great victories, even the French referred to him as the butcher. As you would have thought, the allies considered him to be a ruthless dictator, who would stop at nothing for the sake of European domination.

Overall I think Napoleon was hero. He brought success to France he expanded the government and increased new laws that incorporated some of the freedoms gained by the people of France during the French revolution. He was a serious and powerful general. He guided all his wars to victory. He influenced much of the French states with his ideas. Napoleon granted constitutions, introduced law codes, abolished feudalism, and created efficient governments. Napoleon Bonaparte was definitely a hero.

The French Revolution had a massive impact on the world. One of the more well known impacts is the domino effect of revolutions inspired by the French Revolution.

In Europe, other nations that had similar social problems and political structures of revolutionary France staged similar liberal independence movements. Some countries who attempted revolution include Italy, Prussia, Austria, Germany, and France. These are called the revolutions of 1848 and were inspired by the French Revolution. The idea was that if the citizens of France could overthrow their King, why can't the citizens of other European nations? While monarchs fought hard to suppress this thought, and in most cases won, it still shows how great an impact the French Revolution was on Europe.

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