The national flag of Wales is called Dragone rosso (in English The Red Dragon, Y Ddraig Goch in Welsh). It consists of a red dragon in green and white field. There are no standard versions of the dragon, but there are various interpretations. General sovereign national flag is, of course, the British Union Flag.

The current flag is the official one since 1959, and is based on an old slogan used by English and British monarchs since the Tudor Dynasty: on a mount vert a dragon gules (a red dragon on a green mountain). The same red dragon has been associated with Wales for centuries; on this basis, the flag has often been regarded as the oldest national flag still in use. The origin of the adoption of the dragon symbol is now lost in history and Welsh mythology. A plausible theory is that the symbol has been brought by the ancient Romans in the area corresponding to the current Wales during the Roman invasion of the British Isles, but it could be even older. White and green stripes of the flag were additions by the House of Tudor [1], the Welsh dynasty that held the Kingdom of England 1485-1603 (white and green are also the colors of the leek, another Welsh national symbol) .

Wales is one of the four nations that make up the United Kingdom, along with Britain, Northern Ireland and Scotland.

It stretches for 20,779 km on a peninsula overlooking the Irish Sea and has more than 3 million inhabitants, mainly concentrated in large coastal cities.

Its capital city is Cardiff, located southeast, near the English border across the Bristol Channel, deep inlet on which flows the River Severn, the longest in Britain.

Other major cities include Newport, Swansea, Wrexham.

The term is derived from the Germanic term Walha Wales, which means a stranger, that is not Germanic.

Following the Romanization, the Walha name went to indicate the 'Roman people' and originated the terms: 'Walloons', inhabitants of Belgium,' Vlachs', Romanized population that occupied an area of ​​Romania and all nouns that end in ' -wall 'in Cornwall.

Wales speaking an ancient language, Cymraeg, ie cimirico or Welsh, in English 'welsh'.però is widely used English.

The hilly and mountainous areas seeds are characterized by a wild nature, but also by the presence of ancient castles symbol of English domination perpetuated over the centuries.

The main economic activities are agriculture, with the production of potatoes, oats and barley, and fishing for mackerel, herring and cod.

Also present mineral deposits of coal and iron.

Wales is rich in castles: there are more than 400.

The largest is the Caerphilly Castle, said the Green Lady, near Cardiff.

It was built on the foundations of an ancient Roman fort in 1268 and since then has not been amended. E'circondato by a canal system created following the construction of a dam; presents the sides imposing t

Caerphilly castle

Castello di caerphilly(English: Caerphilly Castle; Welsh: Castell Caerffili) A Cardiff is the most 'beautiful Norman castle from the South Wales and one of the most fortified complex' largest in Europe. The enormous impact of the massive turreted castle, despite its partial destruction, and 'increased by the reflection in dark waters that surround it, originated from the river Nant y Gledyr here formed a natural lake then expanded to encompass the three artificial islands on such rises.

It 'a fortified castle town of Caerphilly in south-east Wales, built between 1268 and 1271 at the behest of Gibert de Clare (1243-1295), lord of Glamorgan Brand and later expanded, until 1326. It is the largest Welsh medieval fortress one of the largest in the UK (second only to Windsor Castle) and Western Europe.


The castle was built in 1268 by the lord of Glamorgan Gilbert de Clare, one of the most powerful barons of England, that close alliance with the English King Henry III, had driven the lord of the area Llywelyn ap Gruffudd ap Rhys.

The construction, which began on April 11, 1268 lasted 58 years.

The building was attacked in 1270 by Llywellyn ap Gruffudd ap Rhys.

From the fifteenth century, slowly it fell into disrepair.

During the English Civil War, he tried to blow up one of the towers of the castle, which, for this reason, still hanging from the side.

Between 1930 and 1940, she was undertaken at the behest of the fourth Marquis of Bute, extensive restoration work, which gave the building its present form.

INGLESE The abbey was founded on May 9 1131 , or during the reign of Henry I of England , by Cistercian monaco Walter de Clare as a "sister" of the French abbey monastery L'Aumône . Between 1270 and 1301 , at the behest of Roger Bigod III ,owner of the nearby Chepstow Castle, was rebuilt the abbey church. In honor of the abbey Bigod windows were decorated with his coat of arms. After the reconstruction, the building housed about 400 monks ,for the most part, however, decimated by the Black Plague of 1348-1349 . On 3 September 1536 the building fell into the hands of the soldiers of




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