The 5 Themes of Geography
What are the 5 themes of geography? Well the 5 themes of geography is a concept that helps define the geography of something. "MR.LIP" is a great way to remember the 5 themes of geography. The "M" stands for movement. The "R" stands for region. The "L" stands for location. The "I" stands for human-environment-interaction (also known as HEI). The "P" stands for place.
There are two types of location. Absolute location and relative location. Relative location is kind of like the estimation of a certain place (ex. by State Farm, or beside Kroger). Absolute location is the exact coordinates of a certain place (ex. 70*S,50*E). I have gathered in results from a website, and it states that the relative location of South Africa is that it is located south of the equator. It is boarded by the following countries: Botswana Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe; as well as both the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. Since South Africa is a country there are many places and there just can't be one absolute location for South Africa. So I will only state the capital city of South America, Pretoria's, absolute location. The absolute location of Pretoria is: 25* 43' S, 28* 13' E.
This is a picture of the location of South Africa on a map
Place refers to the physical and human aspects of a location. Some physical features of South Africa is the Cape of Good Hope and the Orange River. South Africa has a Republic type of government. They don't really have a MAJOR language or religion. But some languages they speak are English, IsiZulu, SiSwati, and Setswana. They have a market economy. Since being freed from international sanctions in 1993, South Africa has developed the second largest economy in Africa, and it is responsible for nearly a quarter of the GDP of the continent. It is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the world bank. They have a representative democracy with three- tier system of government and an independent judiciary, operating in a parliamentary system. South Africa's major religions are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions, and Judaism. All these different features are counted as human features.
This is a picture of the Orange River
Human-Environment Interaction is how people change land or the environment. Like when people plant trees. Some natural resources in South Africa are gold, coal, iron ore, nickel, gems and diamonds. There are many more to name. South Africa faces MANY problems. Their main problem is education. Well many parents have to choose between buying bricks to build a house or paying for a better education. Another reason why is because, somehow 5% of the top 6th graders know more math than 20% of the nations teachers.
This is a picture of a diamond
Movement refers to the trading of goods and translocation of things. The top exports of South Africa is their minerals such as gold and diamonds. South Africa's major inputs are lead by Crude Petroleum followed by Refined Petroleum. Based on my research I think South Africa has a low immigration rate. They have a low immigration rate, because the country limits the number of people allowed in the country each year. According to the government it is to protect work opportunities for the country's vast result of unskilled and semi-skilled workers.
A picture of South Africa plane
A region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those unifying or similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human, or cultural. South Africa doesn't have regions so I am going to tell you about the provinces there. Ten of the provinces are: Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumulanga, Northern Cape, Limpopo, North West, Free State, Western Cape. Since South Africa doesn't have a main language they speak, their provinces don't have a certain language either.
A picture that shows the outline of South Africa
South Africa is pretty interesting. Very few countries provide quality safe drinking water in taps. South Africa ranks third in drinking water quality supply through taps. The largest bird – the ostrich, the largest land mammal – the elephant, the tallest creature – giraffe, the largest reptile – the leatherback turtle, the largest fish – whale shark, the heaviest flying bird – khori bustard, the largest antelope – eland, the fastest land mammal – cheetah, the smallest mammal – least dwarf shrew are all homed in South Africa. This showcases the wide variety of fauna that is there in the country. The country has many geographic solar hotspots in the world. The largest game park is under progress with talks between Zimbabwe and Mozambique to merge the game parks. This park will be comparatively larger than Switzerland. The country ranks third in bio-diversity.To prevent Rhinos from being poached, the rhino horns are smeared with a special toxin that does not harm the animal. It is designed in such a way that any product that is made from the poisoned horn will taste bitter or will cause burns. It will also show itself in airport scanners. White rhinos have flat bottom lips and grazes on grasses, while black rhinos have a triangular bottom lip and browse on bushes and trees. South Africa is only country to have hosted the world cup matches for soccer, rugby and cricket.