Ribosome- A particle containing RNA & other proteins, located in the cytoplasm in large qualities of living cells
Ribosomes are found both in the eukaryote and prokaryote cells.
Ribosomes float freely in cytosol because prokaryotes don't have membrane-bound organelles
They're many places you can find ribosomes in a eukaryote cell such as: the cytosol & the endoplasmic reticulum
Theses ribosomes make proteins that will be used inside the cell and for exporting out of a cell
The structure of a ribosome is usually 20-30 nanometer in diameter. Ribosome is a large RNA protein. It is formed by small & larger subunits that are unequally. Small subunits decoding genetic information and large subunits are involved with amino acids coming together and creating a huge protein chain.
Prokaryotes have smaller ribosomes than eukaryote
When a cell needs protein, it creates mRNA in the nucleus. mRNA gets sent out of the nucleus and straight to the ribosomes. Then the two subunits come together and inter locker with mRNA, making protein.
The process of making protein, first you need an amino acid, next transfer RNA is bonded, then the ribosome connects to tRNA and pulls off one amino acids, after, the tRNA breaks off into the cell and latches onto another amino acid, lastly, the ribosome builds a long amino acid chain which is called polypeptide, that later on becomes part of a larger protein.
Ribosomes are like chefs; they take the ingredients and put them together in a complex finished product. Ribosomes are organelles within cells responsible for taking the mRNA and constructing complex polypeptides.