During the Spanish-American War, patriotic Americans wore buttons like this one to help them "Remember the Maine."
Responding to pressure from the public, President McKinley sent battleship USS Maine to Havana. The goal was to protect American citizens and property. Then, on the night of February 15, 1898, a huge explosion shattered the USS Maine, killing 260. The public blamed Spain and so the slogan "Remember the Maine" became a rallying cry for revenge.
The Spanish-American War took place in two locations-in the Caribbean, off the Florida cost, and in the Philippines, a group of islands near the cost of China.
President Mckinly took a firm stand with Spain. He demanded a truce and an end to brutality against the Cubans. The Spanish agreed to some demands. Mckinly and Congress, however, were not satisfied. On April 25, 1898, Congress declared war on Spain.
This cartoon shows President McKinly, at right, and Uncle Sam. The menu includes "Cuba Steak," "Porto Rico Pig," " The Philippine Floating Island," and "The Sandwich Island."
The United States and Spain Signed the Treaty of País On December 10, 1898. The treaty broke up most of th Spanish Empire.
Anti-imperialists such as Mark Twain argued against making the Philippines a United States territory.
The U. S. Role in the Philippines caused fierce debate. Some people opposed the troops needed to control the island and also competition from Filipino laborers.
Andrew Carnegie is also an Anti-imperialist.
Imperialists argued that the Philippines would give the United Tate's another Pacific naval base, a stopover on the way to China, and a large market for American goods.