The Culture of the Vietnam War By Mason LOrenzo Widdison

The Home Front

The home front during and after the war. Towards the beginning of this The civil rights movement was at its peak when Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "dream" speech, which is brought America together to fight this war.

There were a lot of peace movements during this time because the young 18 year old boys and others didn't want to be drafted.

Peace movements and the civil rights movements swayed opinions of the war during its peak and steady declined till one year before it ended.

Tactics

The most famous tactic used during this war was Guerrilla Warfare.

The Vietnamese used this intense warfare. 'it is a very unconventional style of ware it refers to small conflicts where group of stealthy combatants use the elements of surprise to attack the American troops. This let America stunned when they were out on the battlefield because they didn't know how to counter such tactics. And since the American troops did not know how to move around in the lush jungle it made it even worse for them to attack the enemy
The Draft
During the Vietnam War, about two-third of American troops were volunteered, the rest were selected for military service through the drafts. In the beginning of the war, names of all American men in draft-age were collected by the Selective Service System. When someone’s name was called, he had to report to his local draft board, which was made up of various community members, so that they could begin to evaluate his draft status.

Most of these young men where ones who haven't ever held a gun or anything related to war. But since the times were bad. We put our trust in boys that came straight out of high school.

Draft Dodgers- The young men that didn't want to be drafted or that try to delay there services.

Music
Americans who served in the Vietnam War turned to music to cope. They listened to the radio, or on cassette desks or reel-to-reel tape players. They loved Hendrix and Nancy Sinatra, and especially songs that had anything to do with going home, because that was their main goal. And so many didn't make it.

Music did a lot more than just entertain us during these times of hard ship all the American soldiers had to keep them going forward was music. Even though Vietnam the country was divided by war. The power of music brought the troops together. Music did a lot more for us than we can imagine.

PROPAGANDA!

Propaganda played a huge role on both sides of the war. Because through propaganda each side can tempt other counties in believing that there enemy is bad and they usually gives a reason on way we need to bring them down. For both sides propaganda worked very well and was definitely a key factor during this war.

Media
Vietnam became a subject of large-scale news coverage in the United States only after substantial numbers of U.S. combat troops had been committed to the war in the spring of 1965. Prior to that time, the number of American newsmen in Indochina had been small—fewer than two dozen even as late as 1964. By 1968, at the height of the war, there were about 600 accredited journalists of all nationalities in Vietnam, reporting for U.S. wire services, radio and television networks, and the major newspaper chains and news magazines.

Since this was the first major war ever that we could broadcast over the T.V. the average American can see exactly what was going on over there. But People also believe that because of media it made America lose this war.

Government
In the 1950’s, John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State, had formulated the Domino Theory. This stated that if one country fell to communism, then its neighbor would and then the neighbor to this country. Such an expansion of communist influence in Southeast Asia was unacceptable to America

All through out southeast Asia there are more and more communist countries! and this was definitely not executable with us. part of the reason why America joined this war in the first place was because we knew communism is a big problem and needed to be eliminated.

Protests
The movement against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began small–among peace activists and leftist intellectuals on college campuses–but gained national prominence in 1965

There has been many protests around the country about this topic about most of them haven't been that intense. But these protests can still effect a war entirely. There was many on draft dodgers because not all the men in American believe that they should go to war. But the fact is, We desperately needed those men. because we were losing a war that we needed more men for. So maybe if there were not any protests we could have one the war.

Values and Beliefs

our values have changed a lot during this war for example when we show us battling Vietnam on tv. before this war we thought that America was the top super power and no one can beat us. But after this war that has all changed because we lost!

The Purpose
he Vietnam War stemmed from a decades-long conflict that started with 19th-century French imperialism. Vietnam was under French administrative control when Japan invaded during World War II, spurring revolutionary forces under Ho Chi Minh’s leadership to launch a resistance movement against both opponents. Emperor Bao Dai gained control after Japan withdrew, causing the League for the Independence of Vietnam, or Viet Minh, to mobilize against the French-educated leader.
Race Equality
The Vietnam War saw the highest proportion of blacks ever to serve in an American war. During the height of the U.S. involvement, 1965-69, blacks, who formed 11 percent of the American population, made up 12.6 percent of the soldiers in Vietnam. The majority of these were in the infantry, and although authorities differ on the figures, the percentage of black combat fatalities in that period was a staggering 14.9 percent, a proportion that subsequently declined.

This was one of the first wars in all history where there was more equality for our soldiers. Finally all of our men could know that they were safe from there fellow soldiers. And that they will be treated fairly and with more respect. Our soldiers fought as one!

Family Roles
The families of American POWs and MIAs (Prisoner of War and Missing in Action) joined together to flex their political muscle and to make sure that America did not forget the men unaccounted for in the war

The American family was greatly impacted because while there sons and daughters were out fighting their family got to see all of those horrors over there tv. Along with, the wife in the family started to change with the fathers Which is a good thing.

Re-integration into society
The individual soldiers that survived this war are now laced throughout society on every level. They are waiting and have been patiently biding their time. Not waiting to protest or draw attention but waiting for the questions they know will come. Not from a busy country or politicians or the government but from their own children. They've had nearly 30 years to think about it and decide what really happened.

In many ways this war was horrific and life threating. But for many soldiers the real battle started when they got home. They have to live with the things that they have done and the things they saw. Those memories last a life time. Some even have to go through severe therapy.

http://vietnamawbb.weebly.com/index.html

https://web.stanford.edu/class/e297c/war_peace/media/hpsych.html

http://www.wbur.org/hereandnow/2015/12/07/vietnam-war-music

http://thevietnamwar.info/vietnam-war-draft/

https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Vietnam-War-and-the-media-2051426

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/vietnam-war/americas-involvement-in-vietnam/

http://www.cnn.com/2014/06/20/us/vietnam-war-five-things/

http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/s_z/stevens/africanamer.htm

Credits:

Created with images by ngd3 - "evening hoi an vietnam" • kevin dooley - "The Marching Band" • Archives New Zealand - "Ormond Burton, Gallantry Medal Winner, Writer and Pacifist" • Doug Kline - "E3 2010 giant Homefront banner" • manhhai - "Vietnam War Era Photo" • manhhai - "DAKTO 1967 - U.S. soldiers raking through the jungle to go after enemy in the Vietnam War" • manhhai - "1966 Kyoichi Sawada - Japan" • davecito - "Southeast Asia 1945-50" • WikiImages - "viet nam war soldier young" • The U.S. Army - "Guard Soldier trades guitar for gun" • TimothyJ - "Charlie on Guitar" • simple - "bagpipes highlander man" • manhhai - "The Common Struggle: South Vietnam. With the Help of Friendly Nations…" • manhhai - "A Medical Study of Service to the People" • familymwr - "Army Photography Contest - 2007 - FMWRC - Arts and Crafts - The Colors Emerge" • Rodrigo Basaure - "La mejor calidad de imagen" • karmajaxx - "flag flows" • Ronile - "statue of liberty new york ny" • Christoph - "bald eagles bald eagle bird of prey" • Wystan - "Oct. 16, 1965, news photo: antiwar and anti-protest demonstrations, together on the University of Michigan Diag." • manhhai - "Vietnam War - Fall of Saigon - Bà Kiều Mộng Thu, dân biểu Hạ viện, cùng với các dân biểu, nghị sĩ thuộc phe đối lập biểu tình ngồi chống chính phủ" • dbking - "Eagles UP! Pro War/Troops Rally & March" • manhhai - "Vietnam War Era - Photo by Bruno Barbey" • manhhai - "Fall of Saigon" • manhhai - "SAIGON 1968" • manhhai - "Vietnam War 1968 - TQLC Việt Nam vượt sông Hương ngày 15-2-1968 trên tàu đổ bộ để tái chiếm cổ thành Huế." • manhhai - "6342-3 Map of Khe Sanh Area" • JamesDeMers - "vietnam soldier's memorial washington dc bronze" • manhhai - "Vietnam War 1968 - US Army Patrol in Paddy Field, 1968" • manhhai - "Vietnam War Era - Photo by Bruno Barbey" • Northfielder - "Family slides from the 60's" • Foundry - "life beauty scene" • TaniaVdB - "baby tears small child" • expertinfantry - "070717-A-7187T-051" • FotoshopTofs - "military vietnam war us soldier wounded" • manhhai - "Khe Sanh 1967 - Hill 881"

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