Voice, Tense, and Mood by:Brennen Macarthur


Passive: subject is receiving the act of the verb

Active: subject is doing the act of the verb


Passive: The ornaments were hung by the Hemmings kids.

Active: The Hemmings kids hung the ornaments.


Passive: The Christmas tree was bought by the Smiths.

Active: The Smiths bought the Christmas tree.


Progressive: consist of a form of the auxiliary verb "be" and the present participle of the main verb (Be+ Present Participle)

Forms of Be:






will be


Present Progressive: The elves are wrapping presents today.

Past Progressive: The elves were wrapping presents yesterday.

Future Progressive: The elves will be wrapping presents next year.

Perfect: consist of a form of the auxiliary verb "have" and the past participle of the main verb. (Have+ Past Participle)

Forms of Be:




will have


Present Perfect: Santa has packed his sleigh full of toys.

Past Perfect: Santa has packed his sleigh full of toys 1000 years ago.

Future Perfect: Santa will have packed his sleigh full of toys before Christmas comes.


Indicative: is the form of a verb that is used to state a fact or ask a question.


We are building a snowman together.

Have you bought all your presents yet?

Imperative: is the form of a verb that is used to give commands.


Decorate that tree.

Wrap those presents.

Emphatic: is the form of a verb that gives special force to a simple present or past tense verb. For the present tense, use do or does before the base form of the verb. For the past tense, use did before the base form of the verb. Do not confused this with do, does, and did used as auxiliary verbs in questions or negative sentences.


Present: I do like your Christmas wreath.

Past: I did enjoy your Christmas party last year.

Subjective: when a verb can express a wish or a condition that is contrary to to fact. The past tense is used to state present wishes or desires or contrary-to-fact conditions. THe past perfect tense is used to state past wishes, desires, or contrary-to-fact conditions.


Wish or Desire: I do wish for a new bike this Christmas.

Contrary-to-fact Condition: If I shopped at Goodwill I could find a cheaper bike.

Subjunctive mood: is also used to express a demand or recommendations after that or to express an uncertainty after if or whether.


Demand after that: I must insist that you buy me a new bike for Christmas.

Recommendation after that: My mom recommended that I get a cheaper, used bike rather than a more expensive, new bike.

Uncertainty: Whether I get a new or used bike, I will be happy.


Created with images by jill111 - "christmas ornament bulb pink" • jarmoluk - "winter snow tree" • zolakoma - "Christmas ornament" • SoilScience.info - "Christmas Tree Production (1)" • Unsplash - "bible books coffee" • Unsplash - "winter snow trees" • Pexels - "fir cone pinecone acorn" • JonasOgrefoln - "winter cold snow" • moises terrero - "snowman" • Pexels - "blur bokeh christmas" • corinnalichtenberg1 - "christmas candles fir green" • Phil Gradwell - "GRAFT"

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