Diabetes Type 1

Background info: Diabetes occurs because the pancreas is damaged and can no longer produce insulin, which all cells need. Even though diabetes is within the genes, someone can’t obtain diabetes through only genes. Although both parents have to be a risk factor for someone to be type 1, something in the environment triggers the response. Type 1 diabetes means that your body doesn’t produce insulin like it should. Insulin is hormone that your body uses from the pancreas to use glucose from the food that you eat. We need insulin so the glucose in our body can be used for energy or stored. Insulin helps keep your blood sugar level from getting too high or too low.
Dietary Guidelines Nutrition: Nutrition is an important part of the puzzle. Understanding how different foods affect your blood glucose and learning to develop solid meal plan will be crucial part of your daily routine. Having a guidelines is important only because you want to stay safe and healthy. Fruits and vegetables are a healthy part. It is a good idea to avoid sugary drinks and fruit juices as a way of quenching thirst. They usually put blood glucose levels up very high and very quickly – which is why they can be a useful treatment for a hypo (low blood glucose levels). Instead, drink water, sugar-free and diet soft drinks. Tea and coffee are still OK to include, too. A good guideline for diabetics is to limit total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal (no more than 180 grams per day).  A good guideline for a diabetic plate of food would be ¼ protein, ¼ starch, ½ non starchy vegetables.  Daily the ratio of percentage of grams in the diet for a diabetic should be: 55:20:25 (carbs:fats:protein).  Nutrient dense carbohydrates are recommended: ex. Wheat instead of white bread, whole fruit not juice, etc. because fiber does not raise blood sugar.
Lifestyle or Exercise Lifestyle: Regardless of the type of diabetes you have, regular physical activity is important for your overall health and wellness. Its really important to keep exercising and getting the blood to flow through your body. Exercise makes it easier to control your blood glucose (blood sugar) level. Exercise benefits people with type 1 because it increases your insulin sensitivity. In other words, after exercise, your body doesn't need as much insulin to process carbohydrates. Make sure you monitor your blood sugar before and after exercise and meals.

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"I was 13 and touring with my brothers, I noticed a dramatic change in my body and my mood. I’ve always been a very upbeat person, but suddenly, I was irritable all the time. I was constantly thirsty and always needing to use the bathroom. I also started losing weight rapidly—20 pounds in two weeks! Something was very wrong. I felt sluggish, drained, like a balloon losing air. I was struggling to get through my tour and finally decided to make an appointment to meet with my doctor. She ordered several tests, including my blood glucose. My level had spiraled out of control to over 800—I was immediately rushed to the hospital. It was absolutely terrifying. The doctors told me I had type 1 diabetes."
How to monitor blood sugar: A crucial part of managing diabetes is monitoring your diabetes on a regular basis. The doctor may recommend checking your blood sugar 4 to 8 times a day. Your normal blood glucose level before a meal is 80–130 mg/dl and less than 180 mg/dl two hours after the start of a meal. Your A1C test tells you and your diabetes care team how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the past 2 to 3 months. The results of this test are given as a percentage. Unlike some other diseases, diabetes requires active participation from the one who has it. Type 1 diabetes requires checking before and after meals, before and after working out, etc. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will likely set an A1C goal of 7 percent or less. Reasons test your blood sugar include: 1. Judge how well you're reaching overall treatment goals 2. Understand how diet and exercise affect blood sugar levels 3. Understand how other factors, such as illness or stress, affect blood sugar levels 4. Monitor the effect of diabetes medications on blood sugar levels 5. Identify blood sugar levels that are high or low. How to check your diabetes include: 1. After washing your hands, insert a test strip into your meter. 2. Use your lancing device on the side of your fingertip to get a drop of blood. 3. Touch and hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood, and wait for the result. 4. Your blood glucose level will appear on the meter's display. Other tips for checking: 1. With some meters, you can also use your forearm, thigh or fleshy part of your hand. 2. There are spring-loaded lancing devices that make sticking yourself less painful. 3. If you use your fingertip, stick the side of your fingertip by your fingernail to avoid having sore spots on the frequently used part of your finger.
1-3) http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/type-1-diabetes-guide/type-1-diabetes#1 5) http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/type-1-diabetes/type-1-diabetes-causes 5)http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/blood-glucose-control/checking-your-blood-glucose.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/
Created By
Timmiea Richard
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Created with images by cogdogblog - "2014/365/307 Eight Bottles" • tgolf_69 - "hand 003" • JerzyGorecki - "vegetables healthy nutrition kitchen" • PublicDomainPictures - "active athletic exercise" • Andrew Mason - "Blood Cells"

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