Although the Reconstruction Era had numerous long-term benefits, there were many setbacks throughout the process. This was the best and worst of times for African Americans because they were given their rights, but were not able to fully act on this. Socially, blacks were still regarded to as inferior by and this hindered their civil opportunities. Politically, blacks who were in office were unjustly discriminated against which resulted in a more corrupt political system.
The North emerged with a strong industrial economy spurred by wartime production, which laid the foundation for the nation's industrialization after the war. The economy of the agriculture-based South, however, was left in shambles, and the region would become the most impoverished part of the country for generations. Thomas, Lauren. "The Civil War, 1861–1865." American History, ABC-CLIO, 2017, americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/14. Accessed 19 Jan. 2017.
Thrown into the real world, blacks were not given equal opportunities occupationally or socially. Due to postwar industrialization, the North's economy continued to thrive. The South, however, was experiencing a steep economic decline as a result of a slavery emancipation. This left numerous slaves in the South jobless and homeless.
Be it enacted . . ., That hereafter any election authorized by the act [of March 23, 1867] . . ., shall be decided by a majority of the votes actually cast; and at the election in which the question of the adoption or rejection of any constitution is submitted, any person duly registered in the State may vote in the election district where he offers to vote when he has resided therein for ten days next preceding such election, upon presentation of his certificate of registration, his affidavit, or other satisfactory evidence, under such regulations as the district commanders may prescribe. SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the constitutional convention of any of the States mentioned in the acts to which this is amendatory may provide that at the time of voting upon the ratification of the constitution the registered voters may vote also for members of the House of Representatives of the United States and for all elective officers provided for by the said constitution; and the same election officers who shall make the return of the votes cast on the ratification or rejection of the constitution, shall enumerate and certify the votes cast for members of Congress.
This text portrays the political differences put forth during the Reconstruction Era. This outlines the dispute between popular votes and the electoral college votes. The popular vote idea became an increasingly popular topic, and more significant. The advantages of the electoral college minimized and became argued over more due to post Civil War conflict.
This political cartoon depicts the views of both the slaves and those against slavery emancipation during the Reconstruction Era. This exemplifies the way slaves felt, even more inferior than before, and how they lived in fear for their lives. Behind the family, there is a black man being lynched which signifies the many hate crimes committed by white supremacists. The Ku Klux Klan member is shown to rid of all African American political power and acceptance. This further proves that the unprogressive mentality of many whites during the Reconstruction Era had a large effect on the social and political aspects of African Americans' lives.