- Mason Farris
- Mr. Meninga
- World History 2B
- 13 March 2017
The Spice Trade: The 1400s was a time when flavor was very limited because the availability of spice was extremely low. Once the royals and rich of Europe discovered the uses for spice, they were hooked and required supplies of spices such as nutmeg and mace. This desire for spice sparked world exploration and conflict on a global scale.
Causes of the Spice Trade: The spice trade was caused initially by the discovery of the uses of spice: flavor, perfume, and medicine. These discoveries launched a huge mission to reach the spices that naturally grew in Indonesia. Another cause was the development of new technology in navigating, specifically sailboats/ships. The sail ships were often only able to move where the wind carried them, but technology was newly available that allowed for a ship to travel into the wind. A third cause would be the conquering of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks. The Turks cut off the supply of spices to the west which caused the Europeans to hastily find another route to the spice islands.
Effects of the Spice Trade: The spice trade sparked exploration like the world, specifically Europe, had never seen before. The European countries were desperate for spice which drove them to explore new places along the coasts of Africa and Asia in search for spice and the best route to Indonesia. Another effect was the establishment of markets and trading centers in numerous places throughout the world. The Europeans understood there were resources only available in other lands which caused them to set get very involved with the trading at all the checkpoints along the route to the spice islands. A third effect would be the great discovery of the Americas. Spain was in direct competition with Portugal and wanted to gain power which caused them to fund Christopher Columbus in an expedition to find the spice islands, but he instead discovered the "west indies" which turned out to be the Caribbean islands of the new world/Americas.
Columbus' Discovery of the Americas: The world was becoming more and more globalized, but the native peoples of the Americas were not developing at the same pace of the Europeans and Asians. The Europeans (Columbus) were the first ones to be credited with the discovery of the Americas because of explorers such as Pizzaro, Magellan, and most importantly Christopher Columbus.
Causes of the Discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus: The Reconquista of Spain in 1492 brought Spain back into the hands of the Europeans/Christians. They were now able to fund Columbus in his expedition to gain spices for Spain, although they unknowingly provided him with the support to discover America. Another cause was Marco Polo and his book of exploration, trade, and lies! Marco Polo wrote a book of his travels to Asia and much of it was based around truth, but he embellished extensively which caused Columbus to attain a map derived from Polo's findings that completely excluded the Americas; Columbus believed he could go west from Spain and get to Indonesia with no major interruption of land. A third cause was the competition with between Spain and Portugal for power. Spain was back in the game and hungry for success which drove them to fund Columbus in hopes of achieving great wealth/power off of spices.
The Effects of Discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus: Immediately following Columbus' landing in the Caribbean, life for the Native Americans was changed forever. The populations would be decimated in direct conflicts and for the benefit of the mother countries in Europe: Spain conquered much of South and Central America, Portugal conquered much of Brazil, England conquered much of North America, etc. Another effect was the spread of culture which should not be taken necessarily with positive connotation. The Europeans forced their culture and ways of life upon the native people and changed entire lands to become European in essence. A third effect of the discovery of the "new world' was the colonization of the Americas by European countries of power. The Europeans were greedy and realized that they could colonize the American lands in order to receive resources that were basically free of charge to them.
The African Slave Trade: The colonization of America required cheap labor which was easily found in West Africa where conquered peoples were being sold for next to nothing. Countless African people were ripped from their homes and families and taken in inhumane conditions across the Atlantic Ocean to southern North America and the Caribbean.
Causes of The African Slave Trade: The Triangular Trade was one of the most effective causes of the Slave Trade because it allowed goods and services to be traded between three major parts of the world: America, Europe and Africa. Another cause was the destruction of the native populations in the Americas; so many of the Native Americans were killed that the colonies in America required other sources of cheap labor, causing them to turn to Africa. A third cause was the fact that African leaders and tribes were warring for ages with each other and those who were conquered would be sold at a fairly low price to the white traders of America and Europe. A fourth cause of the African Slave Trade was that the white men of Europe did not enslave their own race and they needed to look to another race which they thought of as lesser (African/blacks) to enslave for their purposes.
The Effects of the African Slave Trade: Due to the import of an excessive amount of African humans who were used as slaves in the Americas, North America (specifically The United States of America) was able to grow and prosper without the need to pay the majority of their laborers. Another effect was the Civil War between the northern and southern states of the USA which was based greatly around the disagreement on whether slavery should be abolished or continued and because slavery made it very challenging for the northern states to compete with the South who had cheap/free labor. A third effect is still seen today in the form of poverty; the African American communities in the USA today are stricken with generational poverty following the abolition of slavery when they were required to start lives from scratch and deal with ongoing racism. A fourth effect of Slavery can also be seen today, especially in the deep South, of racism and the events subsequent to it such as violent and non-violent disagreements and discrepancies/discrimination.
The slave trade - a historical background. (2007, March 16). Retrieved March 17, 2017, fromhttp://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/campaignforabolition/abolitionbackground/abolitionintro.html
The Slave Trade. (n.d.). Retrieved March 17, 2017, from https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/underground/slvtrade.htm
Mr. Meninga's Notes