Photography Milly Cranfield


The word 'Photography' comes from the Greek words 'phōtos', meaning light, and 'graphé', meaning drawing. This means that 'photography' means 'drawing with light'. Photography has traditionally used light and photosensitive (light sensitive) film to capture images.

More recently cameras have included light sensors that digitally replicate the effects of film, producing an image that can be viewed instantly after capturing, unlike film which must be developed before viewing.

Cameras are everywhere, in computers, in smartphones, in games consoles, even in some smartwatches. Basic cameras can be bought for under £40, allowing everybody to become an amateur photographer by taking out most modern devices and pointing them at their subject.

However, to get an image worth sharing, you must understand what goes into photography and gain control over the settings most basic cameras do automatically.


The first thing to consider is exposure. Exposure concerns how much light is allowed to hit the light sensors or film. It is literally, how long the sensors are 'exposed' to light for.

With camera film, care must be taken so that no unwanted light hits it before photographs are taken. If the film is exposed to any light outside of a camera, it will be made unusable due to the light exposure reacting the photosensitive chemicals on its surface.

With digital photography, this is not an issue, but exposure is still something that must be considered. An overexposed image will be too bright, and an underexposed image will be too dark.

Exposure is determined by three things; aperture (how much light reaches the camera sensors), shutter speed (how long light is allowed to reach the camera sensors for) and ISO (how sensitive the camera sensors are to light).


The 'aperture' is how large the lens opening is, which is measured in 'F-Stops'. Understanding aperture can be confusing as the smaller an F-Stop number is the larger the opening will be. An aperture of F/16 is much smaller than an aperture of F/1.

Aperture mostly effects Depth of Field. A wide aperture will result in a shallow depth of field, objects or people closer to the camera will be clearer (in focus), but objects or people further away will be blurrier (out of focus). A narrow aperture however will result in a wider depth of field, everything in the picture will be in focus.

First Project

We were given a project to write our names using objects we found in the environment around us.

I took photographs of objects in the environment and arranged them to spell my name.
I have laid the letters the objects represent over the top to make my name easier to see.

Easter Project

Over Easter we were asked to take ten pictures under one of four headings

  • Patterns
  • Artificial Light
  • Movement
  • Darkness

I chose to use the theme of 'Patterns'.

Black and Blue Butterfly

Location: Butterfly House, National Botanic Garden of Wales

Focus: Wing Pattern with the little white spots

Notes: I didn't notice the little glasswing in the lower left corner until reviewing the image due to the size of my camera screen

Hatching Butterfly

Location: Butterfly House, National Botanic Garden of Wales

Focus: The 'broken' pattern of the hanging cocoons

Notes: I didn't initially notice the butterfly in the case with the cocoons

Butterfly and Leaves

Location: Butterfly House, National Botanic Garden of Wales

Focus: Butterfly wing patterns and dappling on background leaves

Notes: The same species as hatching butterfly

Green Triangle Butterfly

Location: Butterfly House, National Botanic Garden of Wales

Focus: Green spot pattern on wings

Notes: I am very pleased with the quality of this photo

Eyespot Butterfly

Location: Butterfly House, National Botanic Garden of Wales

Focus: Eyespot patterns on wings and pattern of treebark

Notes: My camera has quite a low resolution screen, so I intially believed this photo to be out of focus

Mallard Duck

Location: Penclacwydd Wetland Centre

Focus: 'Leopard-like' feather patterns

Notes: She had between eight to ten ducklings following her

Cape Barren Goose

Location: Penclacwydd Wetland Centre

Focus: Heart shaped patterns on wings

Notes: This goose was extremely nosy


Location: Aunty's house

Focus: Spot and stripe markings

Notes: My Aunty Mel's Bengal cat

Honey Underside

Location: Aunty's House

Focus: Spot pattern on her belly

Notes: Honey is very difficult to photograph


Location: Rhossili Beach

Focus: Repetition and Shadows

Notes: I built a total of 44 sandcastles for the purpose of taking this shot


Created with images by Unsplash - "photographer photo camera camera" • Skitterphoto - "yashica filter camera" • Pexels - "antique camera classic"

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