He was born on April 23, 1791 in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania. He died on June 1, 1868. His father, James Sr., was a well-to-do merchant and farmer, and his mother, Elizabeth, intelligent and well-read.
The younger Buchanan graduated from Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and then studied law. James Buchanan got his young education at Old Stone Academy in his village. He attended Dickinson College which is a private college located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania where he graduated in 1809. He moved to lancaster where he studied law after college.
He was a member of the Democratic party. He stood for that slavery was a matter for the states and so was territory not federal government.
He wanted states to choose if slavery was legal. He also wanted the states to vote and decide on territory. James Buchanan because he was 45th president and served 4 years.
During his tenure, seven Southern states seceded from the Union and the nation teetered on the brink of civil war. As president, he tried to maintain peace between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the government, but tensions only escalated. Buchanan asserted that states did not have the right to secede; however, he also believed he had no constitutional power to stop them. Buchanan once said ‘’The test of leadership is not to put greatness into humanity, but to elicit it, for the greatness is already there.’’
He was a lifetime Bachelor. He had poor vision. He had a drinking problem. He set the stage for the civil war. Wife was a daughter of a wealthy iron mogul. She died before him.