Why does China want to explore unknown extraterrestrial locations, such as the dark side of the moon?
The Dark side of the Moon is a place no country has ever been before, a new frontier of space waiting to be exposed. If China were to land a spacecraft on the dark side of the Moon, instantly they would become one of the, if not the biggest space program in the world. It is a feat that has never been attempted before. It would demonstrate that their technology and sciences are definitely superior. The results of this feat are they would also receive power from their government's. They would be looked at as a respectable threat, and possibly put in comparison with feats of Russia and the USA. China’s historical desire for imperialism would once again be realized. They could claim the dark side of the moon, and with the newfound respect and superiority, China’s position on the world stage would increase which would help them with more local issues. China might be able to fix border problems on the South China Sea, due to their increase in respect. The dark side of the Moon would also serve as an extension of China, as they would own it.
How does the Government of the USA compare to the Chinese government in space budget and interest?
In 2016, the Chinese and US governments put in large sums of money towards the space programs. The US spent 11 trillion dollars and China spent about 5 trillion dollars. The CPC (communist party of china) largely funds the space exploration. The CPC was founded by a man named Mao Zedong. He was a very strong believer in the fact that space exploration leads to international respect and power. In 1959, Mao Zedong wished to release a satellite in retaliation to America successfully launching one, yet China didn’t have the proper technology. The satellite was finished in 1970 and sent into space the same year. When in orbit, a few lines of the song “East is Red” played, across China symbolizing that Mao Zedong and China had successfully began the exploration of space. They believed that Space technology is a great way to gain power from many nations through respect. Also since China is a communist country, all of the people in China would consider it a great achievement due to their ideology. Although a ton of money is put into the Space program, there are still many pessimistic citizens. Some people in China believe that China is only following the US, and not trying to pave their own path. Also, they believe that they only fund the space projects because it positively increases their international status. As a result of all of the outside pessimism, most of the space projects are secretive until launch. It also helps prevent outside conflict from other countries.
To sum it all up, in China, space exploration plays a huge role in how the country is viewed. If a mission is successful, it’s not just the people involved in the space mission that achieved their goal, it is the whole country who succeeds. It is the whole country who takes pride in the accomplishment. It is the whole country that wins.