Italy on UN Security Council January 2017

#ItalyUNSC

Open Debate

Conflict Prevention and Sustaining Peace

The first Open Debate of 2017 had many firsts: first with new UNSG Antonio Guterres, first with new Italy Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano, first for this mandate of Italy on the UNSC, along with Bolivia, Ethiopia, Kazhakistan & Sweden. The debate was chaired by Margot Wallstrom, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sweden, President for the month.

OFFICIAL VISIT

Minister of Foreign Affairs Angelino Alfano

This was also the launch of the 2017-18 split mandate between Italy and the Netherlands in the Security Council. Minister Alfano and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, Koenders, met before the open debate to discuss the cooperation between the two countries in the mark of European unity and solidarity.

ITALY ON UNSC: 11 PRIORITIES FOR PEACE

Adoption Presidential Statement on MONUSCO and Democratic Republic of Congo

January 4th

The UN Security Council members welcome the Kinshasa agreement signed on December 31st 2016 & hopes for swift implementation of the UN Resolution 2277

Security Council Presidential Statement Welcomes Comprehensive, Inclusive Peace Accord in Democratic Republic of Congo

Encouraged by the spirit of flexibility and compromise demonstrated by Congolese political leaders, the Security Council welcomed today the signing of a comprehensive and inclusive political agreement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 31 December 2016.

UN Security Council on MONUSCO and Democratic Republic of Congo

Development of the Peace process in Colombia

January 11th

Italy supports #AcuerdosdePaz with a 3 million € fund at the EU for stabilization & participation in demining.

Colombia, Armed Group Determined to Successfully Implement Peace Accord, Head of United Nations Mission Tells Security Council

Despite a host of challenges, the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) remained determined to ensure the successful implementation of the new peace agreement, the Head of the United Nations Mission in Colombia told the Security Council.

Ambassador Lambertini: the peace process in Colombia could set an example for other countries facing similar challenges. He also noted the importance of addressing the issue of recruiting and using children in armed conflict.

Briefing UNAMID, Sudan & Darfur

January 12th

Civilians in Darfur Still under Threat, as Proliferation of Weapons Aggravates Situation, Peacekeeping Chief Tells Security Council

Despite a significant decrease in armed conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region, civilians remained exposed to violence and criminality, while long-term comprehensive solutions to address the needs of the region’s 2.6 million displaced persons remained elusive, said the United Nations peacekeeping chief briefing the Security Council.

UNAMID provides physical protection through military and police patrols to prevent, deter and respond to threats of violence against civilians focusing on large areas of displacement, such as Tawilla and Sortony in northern Darfur. Following the attack on internally displaced persons camps in Nertiti, the mission had immediately deployed a police verification patrol in the area, followed by intensifying military and police patrols and engagement with the Government of Central Darfur and the internally displaced persons community.

Peace and Security in Africa Boko Haram activities in Niger, Nigeria, Chad

January 12th

Italy fully supports the idea of UN mission & stand ready to support the efforts of UNOCHA. Following the developments in the region very closely, Italy recently opened a new embassy in Niger. During the debate, Italy pointed to numerous human trafficking networks and transnational organized crime activities, calling upon the international community to do everything possible to put an end to them. Regional organizations had an important role and the Council’s visit to the region would send a strong signal. Boko Haram continued to commit sexual and gender-based violence. Also concerning is the rising number of internally displaced persons, and current instability had created an environment conducive for smuggling and human trafficking. It is crucial to increase economic and development assistance and to support institution-building.

Boko Haram Still Threatens Civilians in Lake Chad Basin, Officials Warn Security Council, Urging United Front to Repair Material, Social Damage

Despite the gains made against Boko Haram by countries in the Lake Chad Basin region, the extremist group remained a threat, carrying out asymmetric attacks against civilians, senior United Nations officials told the Security Council today, stressing that only a concerted international approach would help repair the material and social damage inflicted on communities.

Briefing UNOWAS

January 13th

United Nations Must Continue Supporting West Africa’s Efforts to Uphold Gambia Election Results, Special Representative Tells Security Council

Amid a “rising tide of democracy” across the African continent, the United Nations must continue to support regional efforts to ensure that the Gambia’s recent election results were upheld, stressed the Organization’s senior official in West Africa and the Sahel as he briefed the Security Council.

“The citizens of the region have shown their maturity and their will to freely and peacefully exercise their right to choose their leaders,” he said. For example, Cabo Verde and Ghana had successfully carried out presidential elections while strictly respecting norms and standards.

Open Debate on the Middle East

the situation in Palestine

January 17th

If not properly addressed and reversed, facts on the ground would lead to more hatred, intolerance and violent extremism in Israel, Palestine and the region. “The erosion of the two-State solution may leave room to a sort of dangerous ‘one-State illusion’,” Ambassador Cardi said. The parties must take substantial steps to demonstrate their genuine commitment to re-establishing a political horizon that would in turn lead to direct negotiations. The Ambassador expressed appreciation for the efforts by the outgoing Secretary of State of the United States, adding that he was confident that the next United States Administration would invest the same political capital — and deploy the same efforts — to resolve the conflict on the basis of the two-State solution. Turning to Lebanon, he said parliamentary elections in that country this year would mark a significant step towards strengthening its democracy and consolidating its State institutions. All countries, especially those in the region, must shoulder their responsibilities in that regard.

Briefing on Mali and MINUSMA

January 18th

Italy remarked during the debate that the crisis in Mali has a regional dimension that goes way beyond its national borders. As one of the members of the Council closer to the region as especially invested in the crisis, an Italian representative called the Council attention on the need to quickly implement the 2015 peace agreement and to contrast illegal people trafficking originating in Mali and, more broadly, all criminal activities.

Implementing Mali peace accord only way forward, amid growing sophistication of deadly terrorist attacks, Peacekeeping Chief tells Security Council

Briefing on Non-proliferation agreement Iran

January 18th

Ambassador Cardi serves as facilitator and briefed the Council on the advancement of the Iran deal.

Italy said that the comprehensive Plan of Action showed how diplomacy could resolve nuclear non-proliferation issues. Full implementation would enhance the non-proliferation architecture. The Plan of Action was working for everyone, Ambassador Cardi said, adding that he was confident that all parties would continue to respect their commitments. Good faith implementation of the Plan of Action and resolution 2231 (2015) would strongly contribute to regional and international peace and security. He encouraged all stakeholders to continue to resolve any possible issues through dialogue, and noted the key role being played by the Council within its competencies and responsibilities. The international community should continue to ensure that the Plan yielded benefits for all and remained a success story.

Speakers in Security Council Praise Accord on Iran’s Nuclear Programme as Major Diplomatic Achievement, Call for its Continued Implementation

Delegates in the Security Council today called for the continued implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear programme, praising the historic accord as a significant diplomatic achievement that had made the world a safer place in the first year of its performance.

Ambassador Cardi recalled that the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) had submitted two quarterly reports on verification and monitoring activities between 16 July 2016 and 15 January 2017. In both, the Agency affirmed that Iran had not pursued construction of its Arak heavy water research reactor on the basis of its original design. Nor had it conducted any uranium enrichment at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant.

Peace consolidation in West Africa, Resolution 2337 on the situation in the Gambia

January 19th

Adoption Resolution 2337 on elections in the Gambia

Italy voted with conviction in favor of the resolution, in the belief that the Council must make its voice heard in crucial hours for the future of the Country and the stability of the region. We fully support the preventive diplomacy efforts which the International Community has been engaging in.

Security Endorses Recognition by African Union, Regional States, of Adama Barrow as President-Elect of Gambia, Unanimously Adopting 2337 (2017)

Text asks incumbent to ensure peaceful transfer of power in line with constitution

The Security Council endorsed today the decisions of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Union to recognize Adama Barrow as President-elect of the Gambia.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2337 (2017), the Council requested that former President Yahya Jammeh carry out a peaceful transition and transfer power to the President-elect by 19 January 2017, in accordance with the Constitution.

On a joint initiative from Italy and France the UN Security Council condemns the terrorist attacks against Cultural Heritage in Palmyra.

January 20th

Alarmed at destruction in Palmyra, Security Council reiterates need to stamp out hatred espoused by ISIL

Amid the destruction of cultural heritage in Syria, including that of the famed tetrapylon and parts of the Roman theatre in Palmyra by the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da'esh), the United Nations Security Council has reiterated that the terrorist group must be defeated and that the intolerance, violence, and hatred it espouses must be stamped out.

In a statement today, the 15-member Council also expressed alarm at reports of executions in the historic theater of Palmyra and expressed deep concern for the safety of thousands of residents inside the city as well as for the protection of the World Heritage site of Palmyra.

It also expressed concern that ISIL and other entities associated with Al-Qaida “have generated income from engaging directly or indirectly in the looting and smuggling of cultural heritage items from archaeological sites, museums, libraries, archives, and other sites in Syria, which is being used to support their recruitment efforts and to strengthen their operational capability to organize and carry out terrorist attacks.”

Security Council Press Statement on Destruction of Cultural Heritage, Executions in Palmyra

The members of the Security Council were alarmed by reports, including from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), of the destruction of cultural heritage in Palmyra, Syria, including the tetrapylon and parts of the theatre, with satellite imagery by United Nations Institute for Training and Research-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNITAR-UNOSAT) confirming the destruction.

The members of the Security Council strongly condemned these ongoing terrorist acts by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) in Syria.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed their grave concern for the protection of the World Heritage Site of Palmyra and the systematic campaign of destruction of cultural heritage in Syria by ISIL/Da’esh.

(Find full statement here below)

Italy strongly believes that protecting cultural heritage is imperative for humanity

Consultations on the Gambia

January 25th

Italy commends UN, ECOWAS & African Union joint efforts. Only working together we can achieve tangible results.

Adoption Resolution 2338 on Cyprus & UNFICYP

January 26th

Italy welcomes the unanimous adoption of the Resolution & reiterates its full support to UNFICYP & to the UN diplomatic efforts.

Security Council Extends Mandate of United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus until 31 July 2017, Adopting Resolution 2338 (2017)

The Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) until 31 July 2017 today, while encouraging the divided island nation’s leaders to “grasp the current opportunity” of recent progress in negotiations to secure a comprehensive settlement of the dispute between them.

Briefing on the situation in Syria

January 26th

Italy welcomes the holding of the ceasefire in Syria but wishes to stress the importance of an urgent improvement of the humanitarian situation & of the UN access.

Briefers Describe Syria’s Grim Humanitarian Situation, Dire Food Insecurity, Urging Sustained Security Council Action to Sustain Ceasefire, End Conflict

Describing reports of severe suffering, starvation and indiscriminate attacks on civilians amid the ongoing fighting in Syria, humanitarian officials briefed the Security Council today, offering glimpses of hope while urging sustained action to end the six-year-long conflict in that country.

Stephen O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, said that after a fierce month-long escalation in the fighting, the recent ceasefire and broader humanitarian access were among emerging reasons for hope. Also briefing were Amir Mahmoud Abdulla, Deputy Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), and Peter Salama, Executive Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Emergencies Programme.

Briefing on the situation in Yemen

January 26th

Italy stands for immediate, effective humanitarian assistance to all Yemeni. For this, cessation of hostilities is indispensable.

Viable peace proposal within reach of both parties to Yemen conflict, despite heavy fighting, Special Envoy tells Security Council

Briefing UNSOM & Somalia

January 27th

Election of New Parliament ‘a Milestone’ in Somalia’s Post-conflict Transformation, Special Representative Tells Security Council

Despite repeated delays and instances of malpractice, the election of a new Parliament marked a milestone in Somalia’s post-conflict transformation, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative in that country told the Security Council.

Adoption Central African Republic Sanctions, Resolution 2339

January 27th

Italy, Sweden and France obtain to adopt new criterion against gender violence.

Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2339 (2017), Security Council Extends Arms Embargo, Other Sanctions on Central African Republic

The Security Council extended the arms embargo and other sanctions imposed on the Central African Republic, also renewing the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the relevant Sanctions Committee, adding new provisions, and for the first time, distinguishing sexual violence as a separate listing criterion.

Consultations on Syria

31 January

UN intra-Syrian talks have been postponed to 20 February to give the opposition a chance to come as a united group. The UN must be at center of political process, Staffan de Mistura, the UN Special Envoy for Syria, told journalists on Tuesday after briefing behind closed doors the Security Council on the Syrian crisis.

De Mistura expressed satisfaction for the outcome of the Astana talks adding that “this ceasefire has more chances than any other: 13 armed groups were present in Astana and there was a common will to set up a monitoring mechanism”. Appreciation for the outcome of the Astana talks was expressed by the Italian delegation in the Council. “A stronger ceasefire and an improvement of the humanitarian access will be conducive to a better climate for the renewal of the negotiations”, the Italian Permanent Representative Sebastiano Cardi said during the meeting, in which he stressed the importance of a UN umbrella for all negotiations on Syria.

#ItalyUNSC

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Created with images by smahel - "africa army women" • 3dman_eu - "globe algeria niger" • sensas1963 - "gambia locals street" • andrelambo - "palmyra rome syria" • illustir - "Palmyra" • varunshiv - "Monumental Arch and collonade" • yeowatzup - "Monumental Arch, Palmyra, Syria" • Leonid Mamchenkov - "Cyprus flag" • illustir - "Aleppo"

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