September 11, 2001 By Martina Reyes

The Worst Catastrophe of the 2000s

The Attack

"On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States." http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks

Al- Qaeda

"Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania. Often referred to as 9/11, the attacks resulted in extensive death and destruction, triggering major U.S. initiatives to combat terrorism and defining the presidency of George W. Bush." http://www.history.com/topics/9-11-attacks

2 planes into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City
3rd plane into the Pentagon just outside of Washington
4th plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania

Motives of the Attack

"[Osama Bin Laden] explicitly stated that al-Qaeda's motives for their attacks include: Western support for attacking Muslims in Somalia, supporting Russian atrocities against Muslims in Chechnya, supporting the Indian oppression against Muslims in Kashmir, the Jewish aggression against Muslims in Lebanon, the presence of US troops in Saudi Arabia,US support of Israel, and sanctions against Iraq." https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motives_for_the_September_11_attacks

“One of the worst days in America’s history saw some of the bravest acts in Americans’ history. We’ll always honor the heroes of 9/11. And here at this hallowed place, we pledge that we will never forget their sacrifice.”

—President George W. Bush at the Pentagon in 2008

“If we learn nothing else from this tragedy, we learn that life is short and there is no time for hate.”

—Sandy Dahl, wife of Flight 93 pilot Jason Dahl, in Shanksville, Pa., in 2002

"Over 3,000 people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than 400 police officers and firefighters."

US Troops

President Bush declared war against Afghanistan right after September 11. The title of this war was “ War on Terror” in which millions of American troops went to fight. In result, many of them were killed by cross fires including innocent Afghanistan civilians. http://www.usatoday.com/news/military/2007-11-13-eyeinjuries_N.htm http://sy3dd.blogspot.com/2008/05/us-troops.html

Soldiers boarding a plane to fight the War on Terror
The Us confirmed that 4077 were reported deaths and 4076 were confirmed deaths

Politics

"Politicians became very aggressive and said they would do anything to prevent the country from danger. They decided to spend as much money as they need to prevent United States from terrorism." http://sy3dd.blogspot.com/2008/05/us-troops.html

On September 11 George W. Bush told the people “ Either you are with us or you are with the terrorist.”

Traveling by Air

After 9/11, Washington federalized airport security by creating the Transportation Security Administration. It was the largest federal startup since World War II. The agency quickly hired more than 60,000 people to screen passengers and their baggage at 450 U.S. airports. At first, TSA checkpoints looked a lot like their private predecessors. But that started to change in 2001. Passengers were required to remove their shoes for X-ray scanning after Richard Reid tried to detonate explosives hidden in his shoes. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/how-911-changed-air-travel/

Passengers at Los Angeles International Airport pass through security in 2010. File photo by David McNew/Getty Images
"I was that way long before Sept. 11. Afterward, you can just imagine. For weeks, the idea of getting on a plane again was utterly unthinkable. Unfortunately for me, it was also inevitable if I wanted to keep my job." - Miriam E. Tucker
The Transportation Security Administration was established soon after September 11, 2001.
I’m old enough to remember when boarding an airplane was simple: One walked through an exterior door and took a short hike across the ramp before clambering up a mobile stairway. - Tom Bearden

Racism

"Muslims experienced very different treatment in America 15 years ago.

“There was a sense of intrigue; it was something different,” said Adam Soltani, the executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations’ Oklahoma chapter, of how others viewed Islam. “But I didn’t sense any fear in being Muslim at all.”

That was before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, when a grieving America desperately tried to understand how anyone could carry out such an assault and found its scapegoat: Muslims, Arabs and anyone who looked like the terrorists responsible for hijacking four U.S. airliners and killing nearly 3,000 people after flying them into the World Trade Center towers and the Pentagon." http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/post-911-islamophobia_us_57d075dfe4b0a48094a75bc1

In December, Trump called to ban all Muslim travel to the U.S.
Following September 11, 2001, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported a 1,700 percent increase of hate crimes against Muslim Americans between 2000 to 2001 (Anderson, 2002).

Affect on People

"Complicated grief, a condition that affects about 7 percent of all bereaved people (according to a new study), with rates two to four times higher among 9/11 victims. Its symptoms — persistent, intense longing and sadness; preoccupation with thoughts and images of the dead; avoidance of reminders of the loss; and difficulty finding meaning in life without the lost loved one — resemble both depression and P.T.S.D."http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/22/opinion/grieving-after-911.html

"Fifteen years after the 9/11 attacks, Americans are increasingly worried that terrorists will strike in the days around the anniversary
Woman crying because of 9/11 attacks
and they are more likely than five years ago to feel fear and anger when they think about what happened that day"

Why it is the most catastrophic event of the decade

The September 11, 2001 attack was the most catastrophic event of the decade because it killed thousands of innocent people, changed America, and continues to affect Americans deeply today.

Credits:

Created with images by E.T.Expatriate - "911"

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