EVE ARNOLD FREYA MACDONALD 1B NC PHOTOGRAPHY

"If a photographer cares about the people before the lens and is compassionate, much is given. It is the photographer, not the camera, that is the instrument"- Eve Arnold

WHO ARE THEY?

Eve Arnold was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on the 21st of April 1912. In 1946 she began photographing and working at a photo-finishing plant in New York. She started studying photography in 1948 at the New School for Social Research in New York with Alexei Brodovitch. She was a documentary and portrait photographer who gain trust from famous icons. She sadly died on the 4th January 2012 in London at the age of 99.

WHAT ARE THEY KNOWN FOR?

She was the first woman to become a Magnum photojournalist. Arnold is probably best known for documenting 10 years of Marilyn Monroe's life. She recorded her daily life, movie set life and celebrity life style however this is just a fraction of her work as she had a huge diversity to her photography. Her focal points ranged from migrants to the Queen of England to prostitutes to Jackie Kennedy the First Lady.

WHAT PROCESS ARE THEY KNOWN FOR?

Eve Arnold is known for using a reportage process in her photography as she very much focused on women in a man's world. She would always manage to be in the right place at the right time when capturing images that portray a whole story. For example her series of images of 'Malcom X and the Black Muslims' shows the chilling and scary position people at the time were put through when they were in belief that America should be racially segregated. The set of images create a story that creates suspense as the viewer considers each photograph as a new part of the story. Arnold also creates a natural, comfortable look about her images having the main subjects posed in ways which look candid.

EQUIPMENT USED BY THE PHOTOGRAPHER

In her early years of photography Eve Arnold used a Rolleicord camera which as given to her by a former boyfriend when she was 34. This make of camera became a popular choice for Arnold through out her work.

EXAMPLES OF WORK

AWARDS THE PHOTOGRAPHER RECEIVED

2003 Order of the British Empire, UK

1997 Member, Advisory Committee of the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television, Bradford, UK

1997 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humanities, the American International University in London UK

1997 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters, Staffordshire University, Stoke on Trent, UK

1997 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Science, University of St. Andrews, UK

1996 Kraszna-Krausz Book Award (for In Retrospect)

1995 Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society, UK

1995 Master Photographer, International Center of Photography, New York, USA

1980 National Book Award (for In China)

1980 Lifetime Achievement Award, the American Society of Magazine Photographers, USA

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