What was the Trojan War?
The Trojan War was the battle waged between Troy and Sparta. It lasted for 10 years, and in the end, the Spartans were victorious.
How did the war start and end?
The war started when Queen Helen of Sparta was supposedly abducted by Prince Paris of Troy, however, there were rumors that she eloped with him. The Spartans then put together an army to fight the Trojans and demand the return of Helen to the Spartans. The Spartans won by building a horse and hiding inside. They then abandoned their war camps and made it look like they surrendered. Against strong advice, the Trojans took the horse into the walls of the city. After night fell, the Greeks emerged and conquered the city, returning Helen of Troy back to Sparta.
Who were the major players in the war?
The major players in the war were Odysseus, Achilles, Nestor, Agamemnon, Ajax and thousands of warriors from the Spartan army. Many of the soldiers lost their lives in order to defeat the Trojans.
How does the Odyssey relate to it?
The Odyssey was written in order to provide an explanation for the Trojan war. It is difficult to consider historically, due to the fact that many of the characters from the epic were descendants of gods themselves.
Who is Homer?
Homer is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, the two most famous epics about the Trojan War. There is almost no knowledge on the author of these poems, but there is a belief that the carnage from the Trojan War was visible in Homer's day, and that the debris from the battle is where he drew inspiration for his multiple epics.