The Elizabethan was a period of great growth and expansion in exploration, naval advancements, weapons, and the British Empire itself
"The Mace - The mace was an armor-fighting weapon. The Mace developed from a steel ball on a wooden handle, to an elaborately spiked steel war club
The Dagger including the Basilard, a two-edged, long bladed dagger
The Lance - A long, strong, spear-like weapon. Designed for use on horseback"
Commentary: To continue with point one, these weapons were new and deadly to the scene in the late 1500's and early 1600's and onward. The mace allowed pirates to disable and kill enemies in a small space quickly and effectively
The threat of the Spanish also ensured that many of the tried and tested weapons used during the Medieval period did not disappear. The following weapons were available during the Elizabethan era:
A variety of swords as well as the rapier including the Broadsword and the Cutting sword
The Battle Axe - A variety single and double-handed axe were in use throughout the Medieval period
Commentary: Weapons were an important part of defense and offense as well in elizabethan times. Earlier weapons were not to par with what was needed, so weapons needed to be modernized
Pirates and Privateers:
"The lucrative slave trade, spice trade and the spoils of gold and silver encouraged the activities of Pirates. Many explorers such as Sir Francis Drake and Sir Martin Frobisher were referred to as pirates. Read about the real Pirates of the Caribbean."
Commentary: Pirates were a big part of Elizabethan shipping and exploration. The fact that there was so much valuable stuff being transported around made pirates very profitable and wealthy. These would later become the pirates of the caribbean
"1569: Sir John Hawkins became an Elizabethan privateer Elizabethan Privateers were lawful pirates who were authorized by their government and sovereign to attack the treasure ships of enemy nations. The English government issued ‘letters of marque’ to the famous Elizabethan pirates which licensed these sailors to plunder enemy ships - Spanish ships"
Commentary: Sir John Hawkins was a famous privateer who was paid by the crown to take Spanish ships and their crew/cargo.
One hundred and thirty-two ships, many of them the largest ever known at the time, were ready to sail. They carried three thousand guns and thirty thousand men. To cope with this formidable force, the whole British navy could muster only thirty-four vessels, all much smaller than the largest of the Spanish ships.
Commentary: The British Navy under Queen Elizabeth was a forced to be reckoned with. The spanish armada, one of its biggest rivals. They’re unsurpassed size and firepower made them dominate over the spaniards
"United Kingdom, History of the, is part of the long story of all the peoples who have at one time or another lived in the lands that make up present-day England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland."
Commentary: The United Kingdom was a small island nation in the northern atlantic to the west of mainland Europe.
In the 1490’s, European discovery of the “ New World” of the Americas created a golden era of overseas exploration. The Spanish dominated much of the early competition tocolonize new lands—particularly in South America and Central America. In the early 1500’s, England’s King Henry VIII greatly expanded the English navy (later the BritishRoyal Navy). During the reign of his daughter, Elizabeth I, a growing number of English explorers and traders sailed to the Caribbean and other regions.
Commentary: The British Empire as we knew it started in the 1490's. Although there was already some colonialism and exploration, the English were the true global pioneers of it.
"England was a latecomer to overseas exploration. When Elizabeth (1533–1603) became queen in 1558, the island nation had no available routes for trading in Africa, Asia, or the New World, and it ruled no overseas colonies. Soon, however, independent traders and adventurers of Elizabethan England challenged the great European sea powers and claimed for England a growing, international trade route extending across the known limits of the world."
Commentary: England wasn't the first to do exploration, but was very successful in their ventures to the far east and Africa. This allowed them to have bigger trade routes worldwide
"In the early 1600’s, England established successful settlements along the Atlantic coast of North America and in the Caribbean. At the same time, British colonization and influence began to grow in southern Asia."
Commentary: Britan started to make colonies and trading posts in the 1600's. These expanded all across the world
"The Elizabethan Explorers Timeline, covering the Age of Exploration dates from the Early Explorers from 1000 - 1500 (this early Explorers Timeline provides a 'backdrop' to the achievements and voyages of discovery by the Renaissance and Elizabethan Explorers in the Age of Exploration) to the Timeline covering 1500 - 1600."
Commentary: In the centuries leading up to the elizabethan era, Great Britain was a small, secluded nation that didn’t dabble in overseas affairs. This changed in the late 1400’s when they started to compete with spain to gain the global upper-hand.
Alchin, Linda. “The Age of Exploration.” The Age of Exploration, www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/the-age-of-exploration.htm.
---. “Sir John Hawkins.” Elizabethan Era, 1 Mar. 2015, www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/the-age-of-exploration.htm. Accessed 2 Dec. 2016.
Donoghue, Michael E. “British Empire.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.
“Elizabethan Explorers and Colonizers.” Elizabethan World Reference Library. Ed. Sonia G. Benson and Jennifer York Stock. Vol. 1: Almanac. Detroit: UXL, 2007. 85-102. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 6 Dec. 2016.
Morrill, John S. “United Kingdom, History of the.” World Book Advanced. World Book, 2016. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.