Cleopatra netjeret mer-it-es ( Goddess Beloved of Her Father) was a pharaoh from 51-30 BC and had an education of physics, alchemy, and astronomy
She was the second daughter of King Ptolemy XII.She started to rule in 51 BC, at the age of seventeen and married her oldest brother,Ptolemy XIII. He tried to murder her for power for himself but she escaped into Syria and later returned with an army.
Egypt was the largest supplier of grain to Rome.
Ptolemy (i don`t know which one XII or XIII ) miscalculated he hoped to please Caesar by having Pompey`s head cut off, but Caesar was sickened by the dishonorable manner of Pompey death and sided with Cleopatra
Caesar set fire to the Egyptian fleet but the flames spread to the city and the great library, which held over a million unique books, the largest collection in the ancient world. It was destroyed, Ptolemy was drowned during the battle and Cleopatra became the ruler of Egypt
Caesar was the dictator of Rome and although Egypt was rich, Rome was a world military power. This fact wasn’t lost on Cleopatra, so she pursued the great man. For his part, Caesar needed money and Egypt could supply his needs. So out of both a strong personal attraction and mutual interest, the two became lovers. Together, they sailed up the Nile visiting the ancient monuments, and Caesar was fascinated by ancient Egypt whose history was, at that time, over two thousand four hundred years older than Rome’s.
Cleopatra could speak at least seven languages including Greek and Egyptian.
She claimed to be the reincarnation of the Egyptian god Isis.
Cleopatra was the last active Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt and she reigned for 21 years