- 1. True or false? Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
- 2. What are some signs and symptoms that patients with COPD may experience that could require prompt medical attention?
- 3. True or false? Once you have begun smoking and are experiencing symptoms of COPD, it is too late to quit.
COPD is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. it is not curable, but it is treatable
Long-term exposure to lung irritants that damage the lungs and the airways usually is the cause of COPD.
Lifestyle changes and treatments can help manage the disease and slow the progression of the disease
PDE-4 Inhibitors are also a medical intervention for COPD.
Interventions: Lifestyle changes, exercise, Stop smoking, Medical treatments, Oxygen therapy, Pulmonary rehabilitation, and possible Surgery
Quitting smoking is the most important step you can take for treatment of COPD.
- Bronchodilators to relax the muscles around the airways.
- Inhaled glucocorticosteriods to reduce airway inflammation
- Flu shot to reduce the risk of getting the flu and making COPD worse.
- Pneumococcal vaccine to reduce the risk of getting the flu.
- Pulmonary rehabilitation to improve the well-being of those who have COPD.
- Oxygen therapy to help the client breathe better and help them have fewer symptoms.
- Bullectomy may be performed, which is a procedure where doctors remove one or more very large bullae from the lungs.
- Lung transplant to remove the damaged lungs and replace them with healthy lungs.
The main risk factor for COPD is smoking.
Avoid second hand smoke, air pollutants, dust and chemical fumes
Goals: Stay active, eat healthy meals, stay healthy, get support if needed, sleep well, and management of the disease
- 1. True.
- 2. SOB, wheezing, coughing up blood, fever, chest pain, cough that doesn’t go away. There are many ways to reduce and manage side effects of smoking and COPD exacerbation.
- 3. False. Quitting has immediate benefits and risk for lung cancer will decrease over time. Your heart function, circulatory system, and respiratory system get better with time.
Aaron, S. D. (2014). Management and prevention of exacerbations of COPD. BMJ : British Medical Journal (Online), 349doi:http://dx.doi.org.proxy.libraries.uc.edu/10.1136/bmj.g5237
Gupta, D., Agarwal, R., Aggarwal, A., Maturu, V., Dhooria, S., Prasad, K., . . . Jindal for the COPD Guidelines Working Group,S.K. (2013). Guidelines for diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Joint ICS/NCCP (I) recommendations. Lung India, 30(3), 228-267. doi:http://dx.doi.org.proxy.libraries.uc.edu/10.4103/0970-2113.116248