How is the heat wave affecting daily life and population?
The heat wave has been affecting everyone around the world by changing their daily routines and causing them to take precautions. One example is in India where the heat wave is hitting them hard especially in places with little technology and running water. According to CNN, “The heat wave is affecting citizens of India because they get really hot because they don’t have access to all the amenities as other countries”. They don’t have air conditioning everywhere because it’s a third world country and they don’t have access to all of America’s amenities. Another example of countries taking precaution is in Australia. According to the the Straits Times, “In Australia, the warming trend has prompted a push for the nation to become "heat smart" and adopt measures to prevent heat-related deaths”. Australia is trying to conform to the heat because they have realized that the trend is not stopping.
When did this first start and what is causing it?
The heat record has been going up for a few years now and had been showing signs that it would go up years before. Derek Arndt, head of NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information monitoring branch states, “Especially since the mid-20th century, the analyses, while they have slight differences from year to year, are capturing the same long-term signal”. It started mid-20th century and will continue to go up. There are many reasons for global warming but most of it is due to humans. According to Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA's Goddard Institute of Space Studies in New York, “most of the record heat was from heat-trapping gases from the burning of oil, coal and gas. Only about 12 percent was due to El Nino, which is a periodic warming of parts of the Pacific that change weather globally”. Using technology is good for many things except it is causing most of the global warming and causing the ozone to deplete. El nino also plays part in the heat going up but only slightly.
How much of a difference is the heat?
The land isn’t the only part of the earth that has been affected by global warming. The ocean’s temperature has continued to go up throughout the years. According to the New York Times, “The heat extremes were especially pervasive in the Arctic, with temperatures in the fall running 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit above normal across large stretches of the Arctic Ocean”. Change in heat can affect sea life, especially since most sea life like’s the cold. The heat rising isn’t helping the cold record which hasn’t gone up in over a century. WWF Global states that, “The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts a further rise of between 1.4°C and 5.8°C by the end of the century. Climate change could therefore well be the knock-out punch for many species”. Global warming affects all the living things on earth.
Why does it matter if the heat goes up?
The heat rise is causing the earth to change drastically but slowly. The reason of this is humans and they are destroying some parts or nature. nrdc.org writes, “According to the National Climate Assessment, human influences are the number one cause of global warming, especially the carbon pollution we cause by burning fossil fuels and the pollution-capturing we prevent by destroying forests”. Destroying forests leads to species becoming endangered because their homes are being destroyed, global warming isn’t just hurting plants, it’s threatening all living beings. There is change in many things that people might not think about it due to global warming. According to NASA global warming will cause “the change will continue through this century and beyond… Temperatures will continue to rise… Frost-free season (and growing season) will lengthen… Changes in precipitation patterns… More droughts and heat waves… Hurricanes will become stronger and more intense… Sea level will rise 1-4 feet by 2100… Arctic likely to become ice-free”. Global warming causes more than just heat going up and people being hot.
Does the government put money aside for global warming? (Research, prevention,...)
The government has put billions of money aside for research and technology of climate change. According to the U.S. Government Accountability Office, “Federal funding for climate change research, technology, international assistance, and adaptation has increased from $2.4 billion in 1993 to $11.6 billion in 2014, with an additional $26.1 billion for climate change programs and activities provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in 2009”. The budget for climate change has been continuously rising since 1993. The new U.S. President doesn’t believe in global warming. According to the New York Times, Recently Inaugurated President Donald Trump has “has called global warming a “hoax,” for example, and claimed that the Chinese fabricated climate change (just a joke, he later said)”. The new President not believing in global warming could change the budget for research and prevention.
Extrapolations- the action of estimating or concluding something by assuming that existing trends will continue or a current method will remain applicable.The estimation of data is about the warming arctic which makes it important.
Anomalous- deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected. In the article they say the anomalous temperature documents the changes being normal and expected. When it’s not expected then that’s when they have to do more statistical work.
El Niño- an irregularly occurring and complex series of climatic changes affecting the equatorial Pacific region and beyond every few years, characterized by the appearance of unusually warm, nutrient-poor water off northern Peru and Ecuador, typically in late December. This is important because el niño is the reason that 2016 was so hot. It’s also important to know because they say it multiple times in the article.
Planetary- relating to the earth as a planet. This is important to the article because the readers know that the issue is earth wide. If the author didn’t use this word readers may think the heat is just in specific places.
Relentless- oppressively constant; incessant. This word is critical to understanding the topic because readers need to know that the heat waves aren’t just once a day every month. The heatwaves are constant and relentless and that is why they are an issue.
Heatwave- a prolonged period of abnormally hot weather. This word is critical to knowing the topic because it’s the issue at hand. Australia and the rest of the world is struggling with constant heatwaves that they are trying to fix.
Consecutive- following continuously. This is important to the article because the records keep constantly getting broken. Its also important because it’s a need to emphasize that the heat isn’t stopping.
Record- the sum of the past achievements or actions of a person or organization; a person or thing's previous conduct or performance. Record is an important word because it’s the big deal. It’s said in the article at least 10 times because the record keep breaking which is the problem.