Kidney Cancer By: Emily Cruse

About the Kidney:

  • 2 bean shaped organs
  • Attached to upper back wall of abdomen
  • Adrenal glands are above kidneys
  • Kidneys filter waste out of the blood
  • Waste turns into urine
  • Go through ureters
  • Stored in bladder until urination

Symptoms/Effects on the Body:

  • Blood in urine
  • Lower back pain
  • Mass in lower back
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Anemia

Causes of the Cancer:

Inherited:

  • Forms of VHL
  • Leiomyema
  • Cell cacinoma
  • Birt-Hogg-Dune
  • Familial renal cancer

Acquired:

  • Tobacco
  • VHL
  • Obesity

Stages of Kidney Cancer:

  • TNM stagging
  • T: Indicates growth and size of tumor
  • N: Describes/Determines the spread of the tumor
  • M: In dictates where the tumor has spread in the body

Treatment for the Cancer:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Specific Doctors:

  • Urologist
  • Radiation Oncologist
  • Medical Oncologist

Alternative Treatment:

  • Viatamins
  • Herbs
  • Acupuncture Treatments
  • Massages

Diagnosing the Cancer:

  • Medical history exam
  • Urinalysis
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Blood chemistry tests
  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • PET scan
  • Angiography
  • Chest Xray
  • Bone scan
  • Biopsy

Who Gets the Cancer:

  • Strong family history of kidney cancer
  • Twice more common in men
  • African Americans
  • American Indian/Alaska Natives

Citations:

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/about/what-is-kidney-cancer.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/staging.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/signs-and-symptoms.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/what-causes.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/treating.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/how-diagnosed.html

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidney-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

Credits:

Created with images by davis.steve32 - "Kidney Cancer" • Alexas_Fotos - "humanity help social" • GreenFlames09 - "Kidney Model 1" • DarkoStojanovic - "medic hospital laboratory" • newslighter - "Plugged into dialysis" • LadyDragonflyCC - >;< - "Blue Orbs" • Muffet - "ibuprofin" • Pacific Air Forces - "121306-F-FD024-008" • skeeze - "surgery surgeons operation" • @jbtaylor - "Nature" • Hey Paul Studios - "Kidney Art" • eLife - the journal - "3D reconstruction of nephrons captured with a 63X objective on a Nikon Confocal A1R microscope"

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