Roll of Thunder Portfolio Gweny choi english 7 ipad honors Period 4

Jim cRow laws

segregation in schools

Jim Crow laws did not allow white and black people to go to school together. More black children attended school in the Jim Crow states, stayed longer in school, and earned higher scores on achievement tests. Yet they still lagged far behind white children, whose schools were bigger and better and whose teachers had more training. Schools which taught their students only those skills needed for agricultural work and domestic service, fit the needs of the white economy and society.

Marriage laws

Interracial marriages were illegal under Jim Crow laws. It prohibited interracial marriages to keep the racial purity of the white race. The law was made to prevent racially mixed children. Mixed children threatened white dominance and would make it difficult to keep blacks and whites separate and distinct. They did not have civil rights.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression was a worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon began after the stock market crash. The crash sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the next several years, there were declines in industrial outputs and many people became hobo's. This was because consumer spending and investment dropped. The Great Depression affected the characters in Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry because in the book, it shows how the dad went from one job to another and had to go away for a while.

This shows how it was like during slavery.

Abolishment of slavery

From the 1830s to the 1860s, a movement to abolish slavery in America gained strength in the northern United States. The end of slavery brought far-reaching changes in the lives of all Southerners. The destruction of slavery led to conflicts between blacks seeking to breathe substantive meaning into their freedom by asserting their independence from white control, and whites seeking to keep as much of the old law. In roll of thunder, Mama told Cassie that " Everybody born on this earth is something and nobody, no matter what color, is better than anybody else. (Taylor 127)." The president that abolished slavery was Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln felt the same as Mama did and often expressed moral opposition to slavery in public and private. He finally decided that slavery was wrong and said "Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander- in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States. . .do order and designate the following States as being in rebellion: Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia." Even as an enslaved people, African-Americans maintained strong family ties. After slavery, African-Americans struggled to reunite families that had been disrupted by sale. Also, many couples legalized their marriages after the abolishment of slavery.

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America


Lynching means to kill someone especially by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial. This applies to roll of thunder hear my cry because they never had a legal trial. Also, they took the matters into their own hand by beating the suspect even though they don't know all the facts. For example, when TJ got caught robbing the store the Wallaces beat him and his family up not even asking if he did it. In the book it stated that "he pulled his leg back and kicked TJ's swollen stomach." (Taylor 253)


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