Reward Power is the type of power a person has over another person because they will give the other something that they want, in order for that person to follow their orders. For example a parent at the grocery store will tell their child that they will give them ice cream after they are done shopping if they behave. Since the child wants ice cream they will behave in order to get the reward that can be provided by their parent. Pros of this type of power is getting a reward for an activity that is simple and easy to follow. Cons of this power is that some people will only do certain things if a reward is involved.
Referent Power is power that is held by someone who has advantage over someone else who admires them. For example if a middle school student admires a high school senior and that high school senior tells the kid to get him something, the high school senior is using referent power, power that is held because of admiration. Pros can be if a kid admires their parent they would listen and do everything that their parent said. Cons of this power is making someone feel uncomfortable and fall under peer pressure and make bad decisions
Legitimate Power is power that is given with a higher authority. For example a boss has this type of power over their employee, because they a higher authority. The boss could tell their employee to get them a specific document at a specific time because the boss has the higher authority. Pros of this power are having a great respect for the person with the higher authority. Cons with this power is that the person with the higher authority can become bossy and turn into a bad leader
Coercive Power is power that is created when the leader has the ability to create fear into their followers. For example if a parent tells their child to behave and to sit quietly during their meeting and tells them if they don't they will get a time out. Since the child doesn't want a time out they will listen to their parent out of fear of a consequence. Pros of this power is showing the rules and strict boundaries. Cons of this power is the leader losing followers because they are too scared and afraid to work under them because of cruelty.
Connection Power is based on who a leader knows. People see this person as having power because of his or her connections to or relationship with influential or important people if a high school senior knows an alumnus from a college. The alumnus has the power to get the student an interview with the school. Pros are helping people get recommendations. Cons of this powers are people getting thing they do not deserve.
Expert Power is based on a leader's skill and knowledge. For example people listen to their doctor's orders to better health because they know he has studied and has great knowledge in that field of medicine. Pros of this power are people are provided will the best and most accurate information. Cons of this power could be if the professional could took advantage of the person's lack of knowledge and tell them misleading and inaccurate information.
Information Power is based on a leader's access to valuable information. For example if a spy for the army hears that the enemy will target a specific area of land he will help and guide others to avoid that area because he knows valuable information. Pros of this power can be the spy could help the other troops avoid the area so they won't get injured. Cons can be that the army's spy would not share the information with the army.