Syrian Civil War Review What you thought you new but don't

Involved Parties:

  • Iran: Continued their support for Assad, a long time ally. Iran has supplied money, military aid and advisers.
  • The Lebanese Militia, Hizballah: Assad received backing from the Lebanese Militia Hizballahs.
  • Qatar: Supported anti-Assad groups and has conducted airstrikes against Isis along other Arab nations, for example, Jordan.
  • Saudi Arabia: Supported anti-Assad groups and has conducted airstrikes against Isis along other Arab nations, for example, Jordan.
  • Turkey: Turkey has been a major supporter of anti-Assad groups. The country was initially reluctant to confront ISIS themselves, since that would provide indirect support to Kurdish fighters who are supported by Kurdish groups outlawed in turkey.

History of the Conflict

In March 2011 in the southern side of Deraa three teenagers were arrested and tortured for painting signs of rebellion on their school wall and after that the country turned into turmoil and despair.

Hostility broke out within the citizens of Syria in Daraa after some teenagers and children were arrested for political vandalizing. People are killed when government shows up and demands control

President Bashar Assad, he took over for his father as the role of the leader of Syria. The citizens hoped that he would show a way of democratic government, but they soon realized that he would be just like his father. He was cruel, unfair and stopped dissent. People throughout the nation started to hate the government, creating protests. The country started to split into pro-government and anti-government.

Causes of the War

  • One family has ruled the country of Syria since the early 1970s. The first man was named Hafez al-Assad, he took his power in 1970, his son, Bashar al-Assad, was the second to take control, took over for his father in 200 and has been the president ever since. The family adheres to Shiite Islam, which is an Islamic faith. The religion however, is not the majority one, a percentage of the country is Sunni Muslim. The relationship of the Sunni branch of Islam and Shiite is highly adverse. Both believe that some of their followers are not true Islamic believers. In order to keep their role as leaders, the Assad family had to unmercifully force the religion ever since Hafez al-Assad became president, creating incidents that would lead to an uprising.
  • Protest and riots start to form in the streets of Syria as the news of the torture and death of a group of teens and children are released, the blood is the hands of their government.
  • Before the fighting, and the protests and the war, the citizens complained about the high percentage of unemployment, the horrifying corruption that surrounded them, the political freedom that they needed and the new king who succeeded his father and in result came state repression. In Deraa during the spring, the March of 2011, pro-democracy inspired demonstrations inspired by the Arab Spring erupted in the Southern city. The president's resignation was demanded by enraged citizens when the government attempted to use deadly force to crush the dissent.

Effects of the War:

  • During the five year civil war in Syria half a million people have been killed. The war caused nearly two and a half million children to become refugees. More than seven million were forced to leave Syria as well as the hundreds of thousands of people in Europe. The war left families completely abolished, cities and towns destroyed and generations in great and deep despair. A glimmer of hope was presented this week. News of Russia pulling its forces out of Syria and new peace forming with both countries. However even though the gunfire and explosions have stopped, the cities will take years and years to repair form all the damage, and brought back to the country it once was before. Over two years ago threats against the Assad regime began in the city of Dera’a, creating another civil war that will take a horrible toll on the country.
  • The state that Syria is in has had an intense transforming impact on the Republic of the Arabs. The economy is injured by a humanitarian crisis, the population is shrinking and the decaying provision of the basic things that they need like gas, water and electricity. While the economy is going to be difficult to mirror, the impact amounts to nearly 400% of the country’s 2010 unacceptable domestic product, a figure expected to rise as the war continues on for the sixth year.
Created By
Brenda Yen


Created with images by Kurdishstruggle - "Kurdish YPG Fighters" • FreedomHouse - "People walk on rubble of collapsed buildings at a site hit by what activists said was barrel bombs dropped by government forces in Aleppo's Dahret Awwad neighborhood January 29, 2014." • Devin_Smith - "@ Walk For The Children of Syria (Washington D.C.) 09-08-2012" • qiandef - "0021"

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