Energy Resources Juan Antonio Pardo, Jose Daniel Espinach

Nuclear Energy: The process works by getting the energy from splitting the nucleus of an atom, in 2015 25% of the worlds energy came from a nuclear source. I takes about a pound of uranium to power a submarine, without it it would take a million gallons of gasoline, but it could be dangerous to humans. It comes from an atom of uranium.
There are three major forms of fossil fuels: coal, oil, and gas. Fossil fuels are called like that because they were formed millions of years ago. They come from organic material that was compressed by rock piled up above it. Fossil fuels are burnt to heat water and make steam that triggers complex generators inside the plant that creates an electromagnetic field that provides electrical energy. 80 percent of the worlds energy comes from fossil fuels. A disadvantage is that fossil fuels produce greenhouse gasses that stay in the Earth´s atmosphere for many years heating up the Earth. On the other hand: they are easily available, produce large amounts of energy and they are very stable.

Retrieved from: http://www.whitehorse.vic.gov.au/IgnitionSuite/uploads/docs/Sustainable%20Living%20Guide%20Energy.pdf And: http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/advantages_fossilfuels.php

Hydroeolectric Power: a power source is used to turn a turbine that turns an electric generator, therefore creating electricity. 16% of the world's energy comes hydroelectric power. One advantage is that it is a renewable resource of clean energy but it alters the environment around it, floods places before it and changes its surrounding.

https://water.usgs.gov/edu/hyhowworks.html

And https://water.usgs.gov/edu/wuhy.html

Wind Power: This type of energy is collected by the motion of the wind, because the wind move the windmills so they create kinetic energy. This type of energy could generate about 7% of global power but only generates around 4%. One advantage of this type of energy is that it is a clean energy resource but it can be a threat to the wildlife especially birds.

Source: Rinkesh (January 8th, 2015) 7 Pros and Cons of Wind Energy

http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/pros-and-cons-of-wind-energy.php

Energy Resources-Wind: http://www.worldenergy.org/data/resources/resource/wind/

Stephanie Fitzgerald (2010) Wind Power by Infobase Publishing New York

Geothermal plants convert heat to electricity, but unlike fossil fuels, they use heat from the Earth. About 5 or 6 percent of the world's energy comes from geothermal sources. Geothermal energy is environmentally friendly, but it is very location specific.

https://energy.gov/eere/geothermal/how-geothermal-power-plant-works-simple

http://geo-energy.org/reports/2016/2016%20Annual%20US%20Global%20Geothermal%20Power%20Production.pdf

http://geo-energy.org/currentUse.aspx#world

http://energyinformative.org/geothermal-energy-pros-and-cons/

Pumped Storage: a water source is kept at a higher level than turbines and is redirected to hit the turbines, spin them, create energy and continue at a lower level than it was, it uses gravity! The construction of these plants is very expensive therefore not many have been built, but it reduces costs for electricity in general. How much energy is produced by it was not found.

http://energystorage.org/energy-storage/technologies/pumped-hydroelectric-storage

Solar Power: the type of energy on solar power is heat energy because the solar panel has water, the one that is heated and switched with cold water by convection. In 2015 Solar energy produced only 1% of all energy globally. As an advantage is a 100% renewable source but the problem is that it can not generate energy at night.

Source:

Energy and electricity-solar: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/aqa_pre_2011/energy/mainselectricityrev6.shtml

Energy Resources-Solar: http://www.worldenergy.org/data/resources/resource/solar/

Biomass: This type of energy comes from decomposing plants and animal decay. It can be burned so it becomes heat energy. It is great sustainable source of energy but it is nonrenewable. It produces 10 percent of the world's energy.
Biomass: This type of energy comes from decomposing plants and animal decay. It can be burned so it becomes heat energy. Some type of flowers can generate oil so it can be used to generate heat, after is chemically treated it can also be used as fuel in diesel powered vehicles. This is cheap and can be use to replace fossil fuels. It can be a great sustainable source, it's also a really fast way to obtain energy, the only problem is that is not a renewable source. Eventually plant and animal species will become endangered and this source of energy will no longer be sustainable and good for the eco-system. World wide this can generate 10% of all energy annually.
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Created with images by Sangre-La.com - "hz1647.JPG" • ST33VO - "JW McLean" • rarvesen - "Hoover Dam" • Tony Webster - "Dillon Wind Power Project" • ThinkGeoEnergy - "Nesjavellir Geothermal Power Plant" • Elsie esq. - "Power storage" • david.nikonvscanon - "Uk Solar Power Experiment" • WikimediaImages - "biomass heating power plant werl germany"

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