A sentence, phrase, or clause that leads to a quotation, to borrowed information (paraphrased information), or to a statistic. These generally include the author's name and some justification for using him or her as an expert in this context.
In the words of researchers Redelmeier and Tibshirani, “...
On the school website, Shaun Lascom, International Student Coordinator that “joining student organizations will help you make friends”.
Dr. Hatzenbakker, history professor at MSU, points out that “history happened yesterday” (14).
"Family plans are a better deal" claims wireless spokesperson Jill Bean (Wireless Company A).
This method involves placing relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.
"The second major source (of pollution), accounting for one-fifth of global CO2 emmisions, is a result of land use changes" (Maslin 7).
"Mobile sources account for more than half of all the air pollution in the United States and the primary mobile source of air pollution is the automobile" (Sources of Air Pollution).
Maslin, Mark. Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.
“NPS: Explore Nature » Air Resources » Air Quality Basics.” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, www.nature.nps.gov/air/aqbasics/sources.cfm. Accessed 26 Apr. 2017.
Selection of Classes. Selection of Classes, University of Idaho, 2016.
“Wireless Company A.” Comparing Wireless Companies. Accessed 25 Apr. 2017.