Flower Fish-Angio Ichthyus By:Morgan Tromberg Period 5

Background Information:

My fish, Angio Ichthys, is commonly known as a flower fish. The genus is Angio and it is of the fish species. Angio Ichthyus was first discovered in the reefs of Hawaii. These types of fish live in the Pelagic Zone. This small-sized,pink, sociable fish lives in the Neritic Zone, an area over the Continental Shelf where 90% of marine life is located. Since the sun is a vital nutrient to the life surrounding the Flower fish, my creature is then found in the Euphotic Zone. Abiotic factors of this zone include: high sunlight (as previously mentioned), lots of oxygen, warm temperature, and low pressure. Being that the male and female Flower fish are small-sized and do not have large or strong fins, it is important that the water pressure is low, so the fish aren't pulled away by any strong and deep flow of water. My fish is also in the Epipelagic Zone, having a depth of anywhere between 0 to 200 meters. Epipelagic stands for "outer".

Where the flower fish hides

When the Flower fish senses its predators such as barracudas and other larger fishes, it curls up into a pink flower. It hides next to the Pink Coralline Algae to blend in. This is the Flower fish's tactics for protection. The Flower fish has bigger eyes than any other feature on its face for the purpose of seeking its predators. It senses predators with its super vision abilities that allow it to see from more than a mile away. It is like having an ocean telescope for eyes.

The Flower fish eats the sugar produced by Phytoplankton. Phytoplankton are like plants. They use energy from sunlight to turn carbon dioxide, a gas in air and water, into sugars they can use to grow. Because they depend on the sun, phytoplankton can only live in the upper parts of a lake or the ocean. In deeper, darker waters, there just isn’t enough light for these creatures to grow and survive. The Flower fish lives in the Euphotic Zone - with a high amount of sunlight - a perfect place to eat the sugars from the Phytoplankton. Since my creature is small, it has a very light diet while enjoying its sugar produced by the Phytoplankton. My organism is well-suited for living in the coral reef because it is brightly colored - which helps it blend in - like most of the other creatures, it is social - which is great considering it has a 90% population of ocean creatures living in the Neritic Zone, and it has the perfect hiding place and strategy.

Like these fish swimming happily in the Coral Reef, the Flower fish also has a relaxed motion. It moves from side to side, flapping its tiny fins. It uses its fins solely to swim around the coral reef area. My fish isn't meant to travel long distances and it is also not made for speed. That is why it has small and graceful fins.

Messy but glamorous Flower fish

The Flower fish is mostly pink with a little glitter-like shine on its outside - except when it folds into a flower. I chose pink because it is a bright and happy color and represents a delicate, sweet and playful image, like my fish's personality. The eyes are the biggest feature of its face due to the telescope like vision my fish has. The eyes are also an orange shade to blend in with the coral reef area around it. The male has a darker glitter-like shade on its body than the female. That is how you may differentiate the two. The female also has more glitter-like colors on its body, attracting the male's attention and eventually mating with one another. The female Flower fish carries its egg for two weeks. The male takes care of the female fish during that time and then they find a Pink Coralline Algae to live in and then keep reproducing for two years after that. My fish reproduces in this way because the Flower fish is more family-oriented and being a small-sized fish already, its eggs do not need a whole lot of time to grow.

My organism is nektonic. My fish has small fins so it cannot swim in strong currents. When my fish sleeps, it attatches itself to the pink coralline algae or a mate, when found. The Flower fish swims freely in the Coral reef area solely. Since it's strategy for protection is to hide near pink coralline algae and roll up into a flower, it can't be in a far area since it is not a fast swimmer. Even with its telescopic vision, my fish always has to be prepared when it is aware of predators in the area.

Like other types of fish, the Flower fish breathes through its gills. Its gills are near the mouth area. When it protects itself and folds into a flower shape, its gills are faced upwards, allowing the fish to also see when it can roll out of its flower shape. When predators are near, my fish tries to hold its breath or be extra still for extra safety.

The outside of the fish is pink so it blends into the pink coralline algae, its habitat/home

Credits:

Created with images by jmmcdgll - "Flowers" • Derek Keats - "Pink at Gota Sorayer, Red Sea, Egypt #SCUBA" • legoalbert - "Sheldon J. Plankton" • lpittman - "divers underwater ocean" • kaori - "goldfish aquarium underwater"

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