Iron ore, Nickel, Zinc, Copper, Gold, Lead, Rare earth elements, Molybdenum, Potash, Diamonds, Silver, Fish, Timber, Wildlife, Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, Hydropower
Agricultural land: 6.8%
Arable land 4.7%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 1.6%
Other: 59.1% (2011 est.)
continuous permafrost in north is a serious obstacle to development; cyclonic storms form east of the Rocky Mountains, a result of the mixing of air masses from the Arctic, Pacific, and North American interior, and produce most of the country's rain and snow east of the mountains
volcanism: the vast majority of volcanoes in Western Canada's Coast Mountains remain dormant
PEOPLE AND SOCIETY
35,362,905 (July 2016 est.)
Age Structure/ Dependancy
0-14 years: 15.44% (male 2,799,758/female 2,661,645)
15-24 years: 12.12% (male 2,204,127/female 2,080,587)
25-54 years: 40.32% (male 7,231,200/female 7,028,692)
55-64 years: 13.94% (male 2,443,452/female 2,484,788)
65 years and over: 18.18% (male 2,863,114/female 3,565,542) (2016 est.)
total dependency ratio: 47.3%
youth dependency ratio: 23.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 23.8%
Population Growth Rate
0.74% (2016 est.)
urban population: 81.8% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.22% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
total population: 81.9 years
male: 79.2 years
female: 84.6 years (2016 est.)
Total Fertility Rate
1.6 children born/woman (2016 est.)
10.4% of GDP (2014)
Gross Domestic Product
$1.532 trillion (2015 est.)
7.1% (2016 est.)
6.9% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
9.4% (Canada does not have an official poverty line)
$402.4 billion (2016 est.)
$411 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, aircraft, telecommunications equipment; chemicals, plastics, fertilizers; wood pulp, timber, crude petroleum, natural gas, electricity, aluminum
US 76.7% (2015)
$1.608 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)
$1.55 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
total subscriptions: 15.902 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 45 (July 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
total: 31.053 million
percent of population: 88.5% (July 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
HOW CANADA IS PERCEIVED
Slovenians view Canada as a very warm and friendly Country however they aren’t that properly educated on the country as they do not have all the funding for Canadian studies. Slovenians view Canada in this way as many are linked to Canada by family as the cab drivers all seem to have uncles in Vancouver. When the students were asked what, they thought when Canada was mentioned, if it was the celebrities, landscapes, and the answer was their teacher who knew the most about Canada, so they assimilated the image of Canadians to be middle aged white people.
The Dutch view Canada the way they think Europe used to be, with lots of natural beauty. The Dutch have a higher opinion of Canadians than they do of Americans as Canadians are more easy going in their books, and if a Canadian needs assistance, it is provided openly, however is an American should ask such a question, the proper help isn’t always given. However, even though they have a better opinion of Canada than they do America, they view Canada’s prime minister to be more American as they believe he is too focused on the Economy, whereas the President of the United States is thought to be more Canadian as he seems more down to Earth.
Canada’s old positive, political image is what comes to mind when the Slovakian people are asked about Canada which tends to benefit Canada by making them thing highly of Canada, as they aren’t properly educated on Canada and don’t often hear about it on the news. The Slovakians also have a respect for Canada for its absence in issues that do not concern it unlike the US, who continually is in the wrong in their eyes. There are Anti- American rallies amongst the Slovakian people against America’s decisions such as the way they handle the refugee crisis.
Americans love the Canadian people more than they do any other country even if they aren’t the most knowledgeable about Canada and its people. Even though its loved by the people, Canada is overlooked in the political power of the United States. Early Fry, a political scientist believes there is much to be learned from Canada such as their healthcare, public schools and many other issues.
Although not as influential as America, Canada’s costly yet effective, Understanding Canada program, helped Canada grow worldwide as it earned its own identity and scholars and world side students began to learn about the country’s literate, language, etc. However, the removal of this program has put Canada on a path of regression in the world. Canada is believed to be a democratic and peaceful nation that should strive for its own identity, and not be known for being north to America.
Canada didn’t have a strong influence on China and its studies as it was believed Canada was not a globally impactful country. However more recently when Steven Harper signed economic deals with China, Canada began to be more of an interest. China views Canada as a great enforcer of justice and freedom and an overall great quality of life. China believes Canada needs to be more influential to enforce human rights as well as show the world the significance of a multiculturalism as this helps today's diverse world.
Although Canada and India are similar in ways such as investments and business deals, a proper relationship among the countries is not clear. The rift is caused by political differences, however today with a large Indian population the will to grow closer as countries is much stronger than before. Shilpa Bhat, an English professor, teaches about the issues Canada and India faces and hopes to see a better political relationship in the future.
Germany respects Canada for its long history of freedom and producing energy with its variety of renewable sources however the current Canadian government has put a stain in Germany’s mouth as they believe the government is more focused on their own country and not about international affairs. The cutting of the Understanding Canada program also didn’t help relations as Germany believes Canada doesn’t care about people around the world learning more about them as a country. However, Germany still treats Canada with respect for its ability to be a successful multicultural society while not losing their own culture so it is still studied in Germany.
Canadian culture inst discussed much in the UK however researches believe that a connection among the communities can help them. Literacy communities in Toronto and Northwest England can aid in building closer ties between the two nations. Although the Canadian way of life isn't discussed as often, it can help to provide a new outlook on life.
The students view Canada with a positive outlook as they look at it as a developed, rich society which has played a great role in influencing events of the 20th century. Canada is viewed as a country which is embracing its multiculturalism and moving up in the world for having this outlook on the people instead of neglecting it.
The people of Venezuela highly view Canada for its strong role in pushing freedom in not only its own country but also playing a role to push these same liberties in Latin America. Canada’s successful multiculturalist society has been a big factor for the Venezuelan people as they immigrate to Canada to join this society to work and study.
Northern Ireland views Canada is a positive influence on itself as Canada’s policies on immigration, equality and its other policies have had a great influence on improving the quality of life in Northern Ireland. Although Canada has helped the country, its effect worldwide is diminishing and students are learning less about Canadian policies and its other lessons. Northern Ireland believes Canada has great things to offer and should be more impactful on an international scale to assert its own dominance, and positively influence other countries.
Mexico also views Canada as a great role model to follow with Canada’s great policies on climate change, renewable energy, etc. Mexico has teamed with Canada to better the lives of its people and they have learned a great deal about Canada yet in today’s generation this effect is not in place. The removal of the understanding Canada program has put a decline in wanting to learn more about Canada and Mexico believes that Canada needs to put more of an effort to create Canadianists that will help from positive change in other countries.
1. By analyzing the viewpoints of the other countries on Canada, the biggest strength Canada has is its multiculturalism. Countries such as China and Mexico have great standpoints on Canada because of its ability to lead a successful society with people of all cultures. Canada people from all around the world and gives them their freedom to speech and religion and a good standard of life. A country can’t be anything without its people, and Canada accepts people from anywhere in the world and people come with their ideas, and goals which overall helps Canada. The increase of people from different nations also influences the economic relations with other countries such as with India. Even though India and Canada didn’t always work together, with the large Indian diaspora in Canada, there has been an increase in relations among the two countries. Canada’s biggest weakness is its influence worldwide. Many countries believe that Canada is overshadowed by America and that Canada needs to come out of this and make a stand as its own identity. The understanding Canada program greatly helped in countries such as Germany and Mexico learn more about Canada yet its cancellation has dented the effect that it’s had and Canada’s effect internationally is decreasing. Canada has helped Mexico and Venezuela to push human rights and improve the quality of life for the people yet this is a small step on a worldwide stage as Canada is believed to be much more powerful and influential yet does little. Canada is viewed as just a neighbor to the north of America and is shadowed by America, so although its policies are viewed greatly, the overall country is thought of very little. Overall Canada’s greatest strength is its multiculturalistic society and its weakness is its global influence.
Canada's Pressing Issue
The biggest issue Canada faces today is its economy. After being hit with a financial crisis in 2009, the economy suffered yet has made a comeback but it is still recovering. The national GDP is growing at the slow rate of 1 cent a year and the loonie has hitting 11 year lows against the US dollar. With energy companies reducing costs and a lack of business investments the economy is struggling. Trudeau has promised to throw away the previous government's plans and invest more in infrastructure but this is yet to show effect. Canada is taking a hit from all directions as the manufacturing sector is struggling and factory sales are falling, the Fort McMurray fires causing a .6 percent shrink in the economy. Canada's trade is also hurting the economy as the value of goods being sent out has a huge gap between the ones Canada buys and this gap was the widest its even been with a $3.6 billion difference. The Liberal government borrowed 10s of billions to create jobs and improve the economy yet it has yet to show the promise it has made as conservatives continue to pile the blame on them, while the people are willing to accept a slow increase to economy as a result of the fires. Currently polls show that the Canadian people are on edge about the Trudeau government and if their big promises hold any truth in them. So currently Canada needs to get on the right track with its economy as it is its more pressing concern.
Should Canadians be proud of Canada?
Yes, Canadians should be proud of their country. On the news, there is constant stories about the hardships other countries are dealing with such as poverty, crime, climate related issues as well as other pressing concerns and even though Canada is not completely depleted of issues such as these, it’s a much smaller issue in Canada. Canada is a developed society which respects people of all genders, races and religions and the Canadian people should be proud of that. Canada has a great amount of natural resources and Canada uses this to fuel its economy such as being the United States’ larger provider of oil, electric power and gas. Canada provides free healthcare for its people whereas in the united states, healthcare tends to be very expensive. The quality of life has made Canada's life expectancy to be 82 years which is 19th in the world. Canada also provides free education until high school which makes Canada 7th in the world's best education systems. Overall Canada’s multicultural society and the country’s ability to provide a high standard of life as well as often being named the UN’s best country to live in makes Canada something Canadians should be proud of.
Is Canada "Better Off"?
Countries such as Poland, Venezuela and China respect Canada for its strong democracy and its quality of life. Although Canada may not be the greatest country in the world statistically, it does fare better than most countries making Canada “better off”. Canada has the world’s 3rd cleanest air in the world and countries such as china where the air pollution is high show the negative affects it has on the people’s health. Canada not only provides free healthcare, it also provides a good quality of healthcare as well, with the WHO ranking Canada's healthcare 30th among the world. A person can get their health checked without the worry of large bills being sent to them. People in countries such as Palestine and Malaysia are segregated for their beliefs, however Canada is one of the least racist countries and with its national policy of multiculturalism which it adopted in 1971, Canada respects and accepts people regardless of their back grounds. Overall, even though Canada may not be the best country speaking statistically, it is definitely "better off", than most countries.