Jim Crow By Brian Thai
The Scottsboro Boys were accused of raping 2 females and were given an unfair trail due to their race. Roy Wright, the youngest out of the Scottsboro boys, shared his experience with the trial. Andy, Haywood, Eugene and Roy started walking away from the train. Nobody said nothing until they had walked some little way and then they called them back and loaded them on a truck, tied their hands and feet with rope and carried them to the jail in Scottsboro.Then the trial stopped awhile and the deputy sheriff beckoned to him to come out into another room -- the room back of the place the judge was sitting . They whipped him and it seemed like they were going to kill him . All the time they kept saying, "Now will you tell?" and finally it seemed like Roy couldn't stand no more and he said yes... Roy had lied to get out of the pain of the beating and they then later said that testimony was false. After they were convicted and sentenced to death, Patterson was still defiant, even at gun point, he just didn't want to take it anymore.
Welhemina Baldwin shared her experience when she was out after the curfew for blacks, 10:30 for the educated blacks, and for the rest it would be 9:30. If you had stayed up past that time, a written statement had to be written for the chief of police. They were followed because the police tried finding people out of curfew to take their money to fund other buildings for the white teachers who did not live near there.
Thomas J Pressley, witnessed the lynching of George Lynch He was being accused of attacking a singer and pianist. She had claimed to scratch the attacker's face. Within a few hours, the police found a black man with a scratched face and put him in jail. They had accused him of being the one who attacked the women, they had just found a black man with a scratched face and they had a biased choice of taking him in, because he was black and he just so happened to have a scratch on his face. A mob of whites gathered and broke into the jail, and they hung him on a nearby tree, after forcefully overpowering the gaurds.
Argument 2: White job owners treated blacks unfairly by taking away their jobs, and paying unfairly, this caused the blacks to not be able to provide necessities for themselves.
This is a sharecropper contract between Islam G. Bailey and freedmen Cooper Hughs and Charles Roberts.Landowners divided plantations into 20- to 50-acre plots suitable for farming by a single family. In exchange for the use of land, a cabin, and supplies, sharecroppers agreed to raise a cash crop and give a portion, usually 50 percent, of the crop to their landlord. Landowners extended credit to sharecroppers to buy goods and charged high interest rates, sometimes as high as 70 percent a year, creating a system of economic dependence and poverty. Islam had to raise the corn and cotton, and they had to give more than half of the cotton, and two-thirds of the corn to the freedmen and their families. The freedmen made IG Bailey furnish and raise mules that equaled up 1030 lbs. worth of meat for each both families combined. With this amount of meat needed in one year, there was a low chance of the Baileys getting meat for themselves for food.
This is a former slave named Henry Adams that went from slave to sharecropper. He was only able to get some corn that he made. He made 5 bales worth of cotton, but yet he was unable to get a pound. 2-3 hundred gallons worth of molasses, and they only got what they could eat. They made about eight hundred bushels of potatoes, and only got a few of those. They had to split rails there or four times a week, and they were not paid for that.''Said they were going to kill ever' nigger they found leaving their masters; and taking all of our clothes and bed-clothing and money. I had to work away to get a white man to get my horse.''
Thomas Christopher Columbus Chatmon and his father tried to work up the money to let him go to school by selling crops. They had sold all the money crops, but the white owner tried to say that they didn't sell enough of the crops so he took away the rest of the money that they had. His father stopped the son from speaking up because he did not want to let his son get killed.
Argument 3: Blacks were portrayed very poorly in entertainment, and this caused a bad reputation for blacks because of the way they were showed on television, and shows.
Welhemina Baldwin went to the theatre, and after their movie, a white boy stopped them at the door and said ''Niggers aren't allowed to leave before the white people do.'' It shows that the culture and time have effected this little boy to say all these nasty words to Wilhelmina. She was then scared after because she thought that if the boy had told on her, she would've gotten killed for talking back to the young boy and threatening him.
Cartoons represented black people like a monkey, the also made the money a very dark black color and that was very popular during this time. They would use racial things and integrate it into the cartoon, for example they took the slur spearchucker, and they made Goofy from Mickey very dark and he is holding a spear and is living in hut. This represents the slur spearchucker because it goes back and talks about your ancestors and how they used to use spears to hunt and fight. This would reach kids and put a bad reputation on the blacks because of how bad they are portrayed in the cartoons
Targeted games were found most often in carnival games which usually featured names like '' Dump the Nigger,'' ''African Dip,'' or ''Coon dip''. This is is pretty much throwing balls at a target to cause the target to be dumped into the tank of water below. A more brutal game was ''Hit the Coon,'' or ''African Dodger.'' A canvas of a scene had a hole in it, the hole contained a black man that stacked his head in it and he would have to try to get out of he way of the ball coming at him.