- Between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean
- Located Northeast of Australia and borders Indonesia
New Guinea lies on a ocean to continent convergent boundary. The volcanoes of New Britain are the result of subduction of the Solomon Sea Plate under the South Bismark Plate which influences the high volcanic activities in the Solomon Islands. Earthquakes in New Guinea are very common and in fact happen at the least every year to a couple of years since at 1857. The first ever recorded earthquake was reported in 1768 and had a 7.5 magnitude and the next one, less than 90 years later had an 8.0 magnitude. Since 1857, earthquakes became more common with the average magnitude being between 7-8.
Seismograph of the New Guinea Earthquake
- The arrival of the P-wave between 0-4 seconds
- The arrival of the S-wave between 4-10 seconds
The Nation has an indigenous population that consists of many tribes living in isolation and consists mostly of Melanesians and Papuans, with minorities of Micronesian, Polynesian, and Negrito. 70% of the population are Christian, while tribes follow indigenous beliefs. The Nation has a considered multiparty democracy and has one of the most corrupt governments in the world.
- urban population: 13% of total population (2015)
- rate of urbanization: 2.12% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Video of Papua New Guinea Earthquake