Hurricanes Jada white

What is a hurricane?

A hurricane is the same thing as tropical cyclones and typhoons. All large-scale air movements such as hurricanes, typhoons, tropical cyclones, and large thunderstorms set up a cyclonic circulation in the air. A fully developed hurricane has many thunderstorms that grow larger and more intense as they move closer to the cyclone center. In Atlantic waters, if such storms have maximum sustained winds of seventy-four miles (119 kilometers) or more per hour, they are called hurricanes. Tropical cyclones are characterized by strong continuous winds more than sixty three kilometers. Australians call hurricanes willy-willies.

Hurricane categories

category one: Negligible house damage to some crops, and trees . Boats may drag moorings.

category two: Minor house damage to significant damage, to signs trees and heavy damage to some crops, risk of power failure. Small boats may break.

category three: Some roof and structural damage. some crops destroyed. Power failure likely.

category four: Significant roofing and structural damage, many crops destroyed and blown away. Widespread power failure.

category five: Extremely dangerous, cause massive walls of water -storm moves to shore at high speed going on to land.

History of hurricane names

The National hurricane center was the first organization to give female names to hurricanes in 1953. However; this stopped in 1978, and they began to give hurricanes girl and boy names. Huge and destructive hurricanes have retired names like Katrina, Mitch, and Andrew. The first person to give hurricane names was a weather forecaster in Australia in the 1400´s. The longest lasting category five was hurricane Nancy in the west pacific in 1961. It stayed that strong for five days. The New England hurricane of 1938 is reported to have the fastest forward speed for hurricane at seventy miles per hour. The latest hurricane to form in the Atlantic basin was category two hurricane Alice of 1955 on December thirty-first of that year.

The time zone of a hurricane

Since the storms can often last a week or even longer, and more occurring in the same region at the same time, names can reduce the confusion about what storms are being described. Hurricane season in the Atlantic ocean runs from June first to November thirtieth. Hurricanes form over large masses of warm ocean water during the warmer months. Most hurricanes rage harmlessly in the sea.

The eye of a hurricane

The eye of a hurricane can be anywhere from 3.2 kilometers in diameter to over 320 kilometers, but they are usually around forty-eight kilometers. In the center of the eye, it is mostly calm and has blue skies. The eye is surrounded by thunderstorms and water. Most of the time, after the eye passes the second half of the hurricane or tropical cyclone is worse than the first half of the hurricane or tropical cyclone.

Destruction of the phenomenon

A huge hurricane can release energy equivalent to ten atomic bombs. An average of eighty-four tropical cyclones form each year. In the United States, tropical cyclones caused an average yearly damage of $ 1.6 billion dollars. Hurricanes that move slowly are likely to produce more damage by flooding, than fast moving hurricanes. Planet Jupiter has a hurricane which appears as red dot in it, spinning since 300 years. This hurricane is bigger than the Earth its self. The Bhola Cyclone in Bangladesh killed over 300,000 people. Tropical cyclones are one of the most dangerous natural hazards to people. Every year they cause loss of life.

Storms Records

The smallest tropical cyclone on record is 1998´s tropical storm Marco with the gale force of twelve miles. Tropical cyclones which occur in the Atlantic Region and effect the United States usually comprise less than fifteen percent of global tropical cyclone activity. In some ways tropical cyclones are similar to the low pressure system that cause weather changes at higher latitudes in places like the United States and Europe. Japan receives over half of its rain fall from typhoons. The deadliest weather disaster in United States history was an unnamed hurricane that struck Galveston, Texas on September 8, 1900 as a powerful category four storm with sustained winds, more than 130 miles per hour it killed 8,000 people.

The path of a hurricane

In the northern hemisphere, most tropical cyclones occur between June and September. The wind flow in the southern hemisphere is clockwise while the wind flow of hurricanes in the northern hemisphere is counter clockwise. Hurricanes need carlis force, which is very weak at the equator and this is the reason that they can not form near the equator. Great amounts of energy are transferred when warm water is evaporated from tropical seas. In the tropics, there is a broad zone. It has low pressure which stretches from either side of the equator. Cyclones are often classified as either extra tropical or tropical, depending mainly on where they form.

Works Cited

Lifescience.com. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.

"40 Facts About Hurricanes." Conserve Energy Future. 24 Dec. 2016. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.

"Amazing Hurricane Facts You Might Not Know About." Hurricane-Facts.com. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.

"Cyclones: Facts and Figures." Australian Geographic. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.

"Home." Tropical Cyclones. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Hurricanes." Environmental Science: In Context. Encyclopedia.com. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 3PB, United Kingdom. "Tropical Cyclone Facts." Met Office. Met Office, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, Devon, EX1 3PB, United Kingdom, 17 Oct. 2016. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

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