Colombia By: Alexis naylor

The capital of Colombia is Bogotá

Traditional, or cultural, Colombian clothing includes the la pollera colora, ruana and sombrero vueltiao. The ruana is a cape-like piece of clothing traditionally worn in the Andean region of Colombia. It is made of dyed or undyed wool and worn wrapped around the shoulders as protection against the cooler weather of the mountains.
This is the typical outfits, for when they are going somewhere fancy. Men aren't the only ones who rock traditional sombreros in Colombia. Today, most Colombians wear Western-style clothing. Urban professionals from the Andean interior tend toward conservative, dark-colored suits, while farmers and members of the lower classes prefer loose skirts or pants [source: Árquez and Roadfield].
The Climate of Colombia is characterized for being tropical and isothermal as a result of its geographical location near the Equator presenting variations within five natural regions and depending on the altitude, temperature, humidity, winds and rainfall.

Colombia is in South America, therefore their Winter is warmer and their summer is colder. It is mostly warm though, because of its location next to the equator.

This is the Colombian flag.

Colors of the flag are commonly interpreted in two ways: One version indicates that the yellow symbolizes sovereignty and justice, blue as loyalty and vigilance, and red represents the valor shown and the victory achieved during the battles for independence from Spain.

Two major foods served in Colombia are, Valluna, and Carimañola they are both main dishes. They are fancy main dishes. .


Chuleta Valluna, Lomo de Cerdo apanado or empanizado is one of the most popular dishes in Colombian Restaurants. This Pork dish is a traditional dish from El Valle department of Colombia. Chuleta Valluna it is usually served with beans and rice or just with salad, yuca, potatoes or plantains on the side.


Carimañola is a Panamanian cuisine meat-pie in a torpedo-shaped yuca fritter, stuffed with cheese, seasoned ground meat or shredded chicken and fried

The population in Colombia in the year of 2013 was 47.12 million people.

Colombia officially acknowledges three ethnic minority groups: the Afro-Colombian, indigenous, and Romani populations. The Afro-Colombian population consists mainly of blacks, mulattoes, raizals, palenqueros, and zambos (a term used since colonial times for individuals of mixed Amerindian and black ancestry).(86% Mestizo and White: 10.6% Black: (includes Mulatto): 3.4% Amerindian: 0.01% Roma)

The money

In Colombia they use the Colombian Peso

The exchange rate from Colombian Pesos and the United States is 1 USD= 2,921.24 COP

Colombia is Latin America's fourth largest and Middle America's second largest economy measured by gross domestic produce. Petroleum is Colombia's main export, making over 45% of Colombia's exports. Manufacturing makes up nearly 12% of Colombia's exports, and grows at a rate of over 10% a year. Colombia has the fastest growing information technology industry in the world and has the longest fibre optic network in Latin America.

The Government of Colombia is a republic with separation of powers into executive, judicial and legislative branches. Its legislature has a congress, its judiciary has a supreme court, and its executive branch has a president.[1]

The first president, General Simón Bolívar, took office in 1819. His position, initially self-proclaimed, was subsequently ratified by Congress. The current president of the Republic of Colombia is Juan Manuel Santos, who took office on 7 August 2011 he is the 32nd president of Colombia.
The Colombian White House.
One of the most historic buildings in Colombia

The history of Colombia includes the settlements and societies originally inhabited by indigenous peoples, most notably, the Muisca Confederation, Quimbaya Civilization, and Tairona Chiefdoms; the Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and colonization, most noteworthy being Spanish conquest of the Muisca; ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada, with its capital at Bogotá. Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved. They are still a free country, like ours, today. What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as the Republic of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858), and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903. Since the 1960s, the country has suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict, which escalated in the 1990s, but then decreased from 2005 onward. The legacy of Colombia's history has resulted in one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world giving rise to a rich cultural heritage; while varied geography, and the imposing landscape of the country has resulted in the development of very strong regional identities.

The official national language of Colombian is Spanish.

Religion in Colombia is an expression of the different cultural heritages in the Colombian culture including the Spanish colonization, the Native Amerindian and the Afro-Colombian, among others. 35.9% of Colombians reported that they did not practice their faith actively.[2]

Two most popular is Catholicism and Protestantism. The next most popular are the people who aren't to any religion.

This is a map of Colombia and it's surrounding states; Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil.


Created with images by Julianza - "bogota colombia mountain"

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