The Gambia Grace JOHNSON

Location: An absolute location, such as an address or coordinates. Relative location is an area that is small or big.

The Gambia is a small country in West Africa, surrounded by Senegal with an Atlantic coastline.

(Top Left) A school in Banjul (Top Right) Advertisement for reelection of the former President, Yahya Jammeh (Lower Left and Right) Banjul Marketplace

The capital of Gambia is Banjul, at 13° N, 16° W.


The Gambia is made up of land forms such as low flat-topped hills, sand cliffs, swamps and ironstone banks on the Gambia River. The Gambia is built around the Gambia River, which runs 1,120 km (696 mi).

The statistics and environment of the subtropical climate of the Gambia.

The Gambia's climate is subtropical, with the rainy season being June-October. January-May humidity levels can reach 50%-60%.

The flags of the Gambia and Senegal, left, a map of the Gambia and Senegal on the right.

The Gambia is surrounded by the country of Senegal.

The Gambia River

Major bodies of water in and around the Gambia include the Gambia River and the Atlantic Ocean.

Place: What makes the area different from others. Natural differences: (physical) rainfall, mountains. Manmade: bridges, buildings

There are not many natural resources in the Gambia. However there is silica sand, Laterite, tin, titanium, and zircon. Companies permitted to search for natural gas deposits.

Silica sand, laterite, tin, titanium, and zircon

There are eight main ethnic groups: Mandinka, Wolof, Akus, Jola, Serer, Fulanis, Serahule, and Tukulor.

Wolof dancer, Jola festival, and Serer dancers

Religion in the Gambia is 90% Islam, 8% Christianity, 1% Hinduism/other, and 1% no answer.

Islam in the Gambia, Christianity in the Gambia, and Hinduism

There are no specific holidays, traditions, or customs. Traditions follow religions and are no final. There is great emphasis put on family, dress, and celebration.

Festival, family, and traditional dress (for women)

The Gambia is a democratic republic. Gambia's first political part (Democratic) formed in 1951. The National Convention Party (NCP) was formed in 1977. The National Liberation party was founded in 1977.

Human-Environment Interaction: The relationship between people and their environment, how they work together.

Pearl Millet, groundnut, rice, and maize are commonly grown crops in the Gambia.

Maize, pearl millet, and groundnuts

Jobs such as fishing, farming, and artisan jobs are very common in the Gambia.

Fishing, farming, and street art in the Gambia

Chimpanzees and wild dogs are both endangered species. Chimpanzees have become endangered due to habitat destruction, hunting, and disease. Wild dogs are endangered due to hunting and habitat loss.

Chimpanzees and Wild dogs

In the Gambia, deforestation, desertification, and water pollution are serious problems. To provide a solution, there is protected land.

Region: Areas that are grouped together by special characteristics (religion, climate, school system) defined by government/physical characteristics, areas serviced similarly.

In the Gambia, there are six years of primary school (first-sixth grade), and three years of junior secondary school (seventh-ninth grade).

School in the Gambia

As of 2013, the total population of the Gambia is 1.849 million. That's 176.1 people/ square kilometer.

The Gambia is 4,127 square miles.

The per capita GDP of the Gambia is 488.57 USD.

The life expectancy for males is 59.7. For females the life expectancy is 62.8.

The literacy rate for females in the Gambia (as of 2015) is 47.6%. Males have a literacy rate of 63.9%.

The Gambia is located in the subtropical climate region.

Movement: Movement includes people, goods, communication (ideas). (Immigration, emigration.)

In 2014, the Gambia exported 28% artificial filament yarn woven fabric, 21% coconuts, Brazil nuts, cashews, and 14% rough wood.

In 2014, the Gambia imported 16% light pure woven cotton, 3.4% refined petroleum, 5.9% rice, 4.1% palm oil.

The Gambian National Flag
  • Red: the sun, savanna grasslands, and equatorial position of the Gambia
  • Blue: the Gambia River
  • Green: the forests and agricultural produce
  • White: unity and peace

The Gambian flag replaced the British Blhe Ensign in 1965 when Gambia gained their independence and has been used since.

In February 1965, the Gambia became the last nation in Africa to gain its independence. Following World War II, Britain assumed that the Gambia would join a larger country when they didn't.

There is one public television station and no private television station in The Gambia. There is however access to satellite and cable viewing.

GRTS is the Gambia's only public television station

Transportation: one of the main modes of transport in the Gambia is The Gambia River. Roads are also a common form of transportation.

Roads in the Gambia, a ferry in Banjul

Communication: there are fourteen commercial FM radio stations in the Gambia (as well as the one public television station).

Current Events:

  • After serving four terms, Yahya Jammeh was beaten in the election by Adama Barrow, who is the current president of the Gambia.
  • President Barrow has violated constitutional law by appointing convicted felons to serve in the cabinet.
Current President Barrow and former president Jammeh

With the diverse ecosystems and cultures within the Gambia, it is an excellent country to visit. Visiting the Gambia presents a learning experience for all ages, exposing people to different food, music, language, and ways of life.

The savanna
The Gambia

Teenagers in the Gambia will spend three years at a senior secondary school. Depending on life situations, students may go home to farm, fish, or help to craft products to be sold at the market. Children may play sports such as cricket, softball, and wrestling may be played for fun.

Football and a classroom (secondary school) in the Gambia


Created with images by Greg Walters - "IMG_7475" • GerryJ10 - "St Joseph's Lower Basic School" • Greg Walters - "IMG_7474" • WikiImages - "africa continent aerial view" • NBroekzitter86 - "Gambia & Senegal 2009" • sarangib - "land slip red soil lateritic" • - "Photo W-6055L" • tjabeljan - "GambiaFishing0017" • aleutia - "Disconnected Solar Farm" • NBroekzitter86 - "UNESCO Niokolo-Koba National Park Senegal" • Phototravelography - "The wild dogs seemed to all look the same. Even the cat blends in." • NBroekzitter86 - "UNESCO Niokolo-Koba National Park Senegal" • tjabeljan - "GambiaAyr-LutonNursery007" • GerryJ10 - "Serrekunda Lower Basic School" • Mishimoto - "School Children, Ginak Gambia"

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