RUFINA BAZLOVA is a Prague-based Belarusian artist who works in illustration, comics, art books, puppet making, scenography, performance, and costume design. Bazlova gained an international profile for her series The History of Belarusian Vyzhyvanka, which uses the traditional folk embroidery medium to depict the ongoing peaceful protests in Belarus, her home country. Additionally, the artist is also known as the author of the fully embroidered comic book Ženokol (Feminnature), which explores the themes of feminism present in folk traditions. Another of her graphic series, Sametová Plzeň 1989, depicts the events of the Velvet Revolution e in the Czech town of Plzeň. Bazlova holds an undergraduate degree in stage design from the theater department of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague (DAMU) and an MFA in illustration and graphic design from the Ladislav Sutnar Faculty of Design and Art at the University of West Bohemia. Together with her colleagues from DAMU, she founded a creative group of puppeteers called Sleď Pod Kožichem (Herring Under a Fur Coat). Their play RAW was nominated for the Greenhorn Award at the prestigious Figura Theatre Festival in Baden, Switzerland in 2020.
SASHA RAZOR is a Belarusian-American scholar and activist. She is a recent alumna of the UCLA Department of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies where she completed her PhD titled “‘We Were the River’: Screenwriters of the Left Front of the Arts, 1923–1931” in June 2020. Razor is also an expert on Belarusian and Ukrainian literature and culture with a focus on the contemporary period, postcolonialism, visual arts, and diasporic and women studies. In fall 2020, Razor completed an internship at the Museum of Russian Culture, San Francisco for which she has received the 2020 ASEEES Internship Grant Award. She is the curator of the following exhibitions: Dream of the Revolution (UCLA, 2017), Exiles, Protesters, Envoys: Russian History in Photographs (City of West Hollywood, 2019), and The History of Belarusian Vyzhyvanka: the Protest Art of Rufina Bazlova (UCLA, 2021).
The Female Triumvirate
On the eve of the Belarusian presidential election, two of Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s three primary political opponents were arrested: Siarhei Tsikhanousky and Viktar Babaryka. Valery Tsapkala, the third oppositional candidate, was forced to leave the country. On July 16, 2020, a historic meeting took place during which representatives of the three oppositional headquarters––Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, Maryia Kalesnikava, and Veranika Tsapkala––decided to join their efforts. Thus, the famous female triumvirate headed by Sviatlana Tikhanovskaya emerged. They went down in history as the three women who challenged “Europe’s last dictator,” Aliaksandr Lukashenka.
- In 'Patriarchal' Belarus, Three Women Push For A Change Of Power. Current Time TV. July 20, 2020.
- Women Make History in Belarusian Politics of 2020. Belsat TV. July 29, 2020.
- Светлана Тихановская объединилась со штабами Бабарико и Цепкало. TUT.BY. 6 июля 2020.
- Выборы в Беларуси: на митинг Светланы Тихановской собрались десятки тысяч. BBC News. 30 июля 2020.
The DJs of "Changes!"
Russian rock star Viktor Tsoi’s song “Changes!” was used as a protest song in Belarus as early as July 2011, after which it was officially censored from Belarusian radio and TV. On August 6, 2020, three days before the presidential election, Belarusian DJs Uladzislau Sakalou and Kiryl Galanau disrupted the official event in Minsk’s Kyiv Park by playing this banned song. Both DJs were arrested the same day and were forced to emigrate upon their release from jail. Their symbolic gesture, however, served as a signal to action. It also inspired the protesters to create a unique urban space, known in Minsk as the “Square of Changes,” which became the epicenter of Belarusian protest culture. A mural depicting Sakalou and Galanau was repeatedly destroyed by the public utility services and restored by the protesters over ten times.
- DJs Turned on 'Changes!' at Pro-Governmental Event in Kiev Square in Minsk. Charter 97. August 7, 2020
- Belarus DJs Rist Jail for Their Music. DW News. August 31, 2020.
- 'Square of Change': a Belarus courtyard becomes an unlikely protest battleground. Reuters. October 5, 2020.
- "Перемен требуют наши сердца" - как песня Виктора Цоя стала гимном беларусов на протестах. DW TV. 15 августа 2020.
- "Никогда не думал, что я буду гордиться, что я -- белорус". Тот самый "диджей Перемен" рассказал, как живет в Литве. City Dog. 12 декабря 2020.
- В студии Delfi – диджеи Перемен из Беларуси, Кирилл Галанов и Владислав Соколовский. Delfi. 9 сентября 2020.
- Диджеи "Перемен!": Видео задержания от первого лица. 12 февраля 2021.
Sviatlana is my President
On May 29, 2020, the famous blogger Siarhei Tsikhanousky was arrested. His wife, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, announced her intention to run in his place. After joining efforts with Maryia Kalesnikava and Veranika Tsapkala, Tsikhanouskaya registered as the presidential candidate. She presented herself to the public as a transitional figure. Her platform, which consisted of two positions—the release of all political prisoners and holding a new fair election—mobilized and united the entire country. After numerous reports of election fraud, official numbers stated that 82% of the electorate voted for Lukashenka. Still, the majority of people believe that Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya won by a wide margin, but the real numbers may never be known since the ballots in some polling stations were destroyed. On August 10, after an unexpected meeting with officials from the security forces, Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya fled the country for Lithuania. She now lives and works in exile in Vilnius as the Belarusian opposition leader.
- Her Plan to Topple Europe's Last Dictator. The New York Times. September 23, 2020.
- Belarus poll workers describe fraud in the August 9 election. AP News. August 31, 2020.
- Svetlana Tikhanovskaya: from 'Chernobyl child' in Ireland to political limelight. The Guardian. August 11, 2020.
- Вебсайт Светланы Тихановской
- Телеграм-канал Светланы Тихановской
- Координационный Совет Беларуси
Running from the Gun
On August 9, 2020, the day of the fraudulent presidential election, thousands of peaceful protesters spontaneously took to the streets all across the Republic of Belarus. The post-election turmoil that ensued included a three-day internet blackout, massive civil unrest, and the military usurpation of power. The regime responded with an unprecedented level of brutality by deploying riot police, militias, and the military, who used rubber bullets and stun grenades on the peaceful population and arbitrarily beat and arrested bystanders and drivers passing in the vicinity of the protests. Within two days, two people had been murdered, hundreds were wounded, more than six thousand were incarcerated, and dozens had gone missing. The protesters adopted the “be water” tactics that came out of Hong Kong to wear down the riot police. A similar domestic tactic later developed in the fall and winter of 2020–21, with smaller groups gathering sporadically in the suburban communities. This came to be called the “flickering protests.”
- "Belarus Elections: Police use live fire on protesters in Brest." BBC News. August 12, 2020.
- "Belarus: Violence, Abuse in Responce to Elections Protests." Human Rights Watch. August 11, 2020.
- "Belarus: Systematic Beatings, Torture of Protesters." Human Rights Watch. September 15, 2020.
- "Беларусь: Насилие и милицейский произвол в ответ на послевыборные протесты." Human Rights Watch. 12 августа 2020.
- "Ты абсолютно зол и абсолютно бессилен. Как массовые протесты в Минске к концы 2020 года превратились в партизанское движение. Репортаж Лилии Яппаровой." Meduza. 28 декабря 2020.
The First Victim
On August 9, 2020, during the first night of the protests, Yauhen Zaichkin was hit by a police vehicle known in Belarus as autazak. A video of this incident was broadcast widely, and the media reported that the victim died in the hospital. The next day, news was released that Zaichkin was alive. World media outlets widely reprinted a photograph of a masked riot officer posing with Zaichkin lying on the ground. The identity of this law enforcement officer’s personality was later established by Belarusian developer Andrew Maximov, a resident of Los Angeles. He created a program that matches images of masked policemen with law enforcement databases.
- "В Минске автозак таранит протестующих." Настоящее время. 10 августа 2020.
- "Это один из самых известных снимков первой ночи протестов в Беларуси. Его герои – сотрудник МВД и задержанный участник акции – рассказали, что произошло." Meduza. 26 августа 2020.
- "Правда ли белорусских силовиков научились распознавать под масками? Их деанонимизация стала оружием сопротивления. Но технология пока не готова, признался "Медузе" ее разработчик." Meduza. 27 сентября 2020.
Brutality in Prison
The first three days of the protests were marked by massive arrests and unprecedented levels of state-sponsored violence. The testimonies of those released from jails include accounts of minors and seniors being arrested, overcrowded jail cells, the use of torture, blood-stained floors, and a lack of food, water, and medical aid. Released medical protocols include accounts of rape and organ damage. Testimonies published in the independent Belarusian and Russian media report that certain warders imitated Nazi concentration camp practices by releasing gas into the jail cells and police transportation vehicles, assigning numbers to prisoners, and marking those due for extra-violent beatings with yellow paint and those who had already been tortured with red. The audio recording leaked by BYPOL (initiative organized by former police who are against Lukashenka's regime) in early January 2021 confirms the regime’s plans to create concentration camps for the protesters. Observers have reported one such camp was built near the town of Ivatsevichy in the Brest region. As of the end of 2020, the Viasna Human Rights Center has documented more than 1000 testimonies of torture victims. Their analysis suggests that acts of torture were widespread, systemic, and well organized as a politically motivated punitive operation perpetrated by the authorities to intimidate the Belarusian public. By December 2020, more than 33,000 people had been arrested since the beginning of the protests. According to Viasna Human Rights Organization, as of February 15, 2021, 246 persons are considered political prisoners and remain in jail.
- "Belarus: Systematic Beatings, Torture of Protesters." Human Rights Watch. September 15, 2020.
- August 2020.
- Human Rights Center "Viasna".
- "UN human rights experts: Belarus must stop torturing the protesters and prevent enforced disappearances." United Nations Human Rights Office of High Commissioner.
- "Беларусь: систематические избиения и пытки задержанных демонстрантов". Human Rights Watch. 14 сентября 2020.
- "Пытки в белорусских тюрьмах". Вясна. 10 октября 2005.
Women in White
On August 12, 2020, Belarusian women spontaneously took to the streets in large numbers calling for an end to state violence, forming solidarity chains, and gathering across the country. Self-organizing in Telegram chats, they chose to dress in white, the traditional color of women’s suffrage. Hence, the “Women in White” movement was born. From August to October 2020, Belarusian women continued to participate in weekly Saturday marches, clashing with the police and breaking through police lines. All in all, there were four Saturday marches: the “Women’s Grand March for Freedom” on August 29; “The Loudest March. Women March for Women on September 12; “The March of Sparkles” on September 19, which resulted in 400 detentions; and the “Démarche against Political Repressions” that took place on October 10. With the escalation of police violence against women, these massive marches subsided, while smaller decentralized forms of protest persisted.
- Fürst, Juliane, Anika Walke, and Sasha Razor. “On Free Women and Free Belarus. A Look at the Female Force Behind the Protests in Belarus.” Zeitgeschichte Online. September 22, 2020.
- Gapova, Elena. "The ‘Urban Revolution’ in Today’s Belarus and Why Women are Leading." The University of Chicago. November 9, 2020.
- Laputska, Veranika. “From Beauty Queens to Freedom Fighters: Belarusian Women’s Political Evolution.” Visegrad/Insight. September 16, 2020.
- Moore, Ekaterina. “Despite Women-Led Resistance, There is a Long Road to Gender Equality.” New York Center for Foreign Policy Affairs. September 17, 2020.
- Ousmanova, Almira. “Belarus’s quest for democracy has a female face.” Aljazeera. August 31, 2020.
- Solomatina, Irina, and Luba Fein. “Women and Feminism in Belarus: The Truth Behind the Flower Power.” An Interview with Irina Solomatina by Luba Fein. Filia. September 17, 2020. September 22, 2020
- Shparaga, Olga, and Elena Fanailova. “‘Avtoritarizm — ne takaia prostaia shtuka’: Belarus i zhenskii protest.” An Interview with Olga Shparaga by Elena Fanailova. Radio Svoboda. September 20, 2020.
- Solomatina, Irina, and Nina Potarskaia. “U protesta ne zhenskoe litso: Interviu s Irinoi Solomatinoi.” Commons. October 6, 2020.
Honoring the Heroes
By “heroes,” this image refers to those Belarusians in the government and policing structures who resigned in the first days following the fraudulent presidential election to express their solidarity with the peaceful protesters. Some law enforcement officers who put their weapons down and stood with the people later decided to retire. Some of them publicly circulated video addresses online in which they disposed of their uniforms. This media event was dubbed #погонопад (pogonopad, the fall of epaulets). California-based Belarusian IT entrepreneur Mikita Mikado of PandaDoc launched the initiative Protect Belarus, which combined efforts with the Belarus Solidarity Foundation to assist those former police officers who had lost their jobs. The regime took revenge on September 5, 2020, by arresting four top managers at PandaDoc’s Minsk office. As a result, Mikado decided to terminate his program, but several other IT companies continued his project: https://www.protectbelarus.org/eng/.
- "Милиция перешла на сторону народа". YouTube. 13 августа 2020.
- "Как помочь беларусским силовикам, "переходящим на сторону добра"". Настоящее Время. 15 августа 2020.
- "IT-бизнесмен Микита Микадо о закрытии проекта помощи силовикам и арестах своих сотрудников." YouTube. 17 августа 2020.
- "Я - бывший офицер, и мне стыдно". Гендиректор ФК БАТЭ выкинул свою милицейскую форму. TUT.BY. 14 августа 2020.
- BYPOL Telegram channel
- BYPOL YouTube channel
The Return of the White, Red and White Flag
Created in 1918, the original flag of the Belarusian People’s Republic featured a red band on a white field. After the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991, this flag was chosen as the national flag of the new, independent Republic of Belarus. Even though Aliaksandr Lukashenka himself had his first inauguration under the white-red-white flag, in 1994 he pushed for the return of the old Soviet insignia, i.e., the current official red-green flag, which also features a traditional ornament. Henceforth, the original historical white-red-white flag and “Pahonia” coat of arms became the symbol of Lukashenko’s opposition. In summer 2020, both flags were used by protesters side by side to emphasize national unity. However, since August 2020, the white-red-white flag has made a triumphant return to public circulation.
- 'How the Two Flags of Belarus Became Symbols of Confrontation.' The Guardian. August 22, 2020.
- Here's why the protesters in Belarus are flying a white-and-red flag. Meduza. August 14, 2020.
- 'Understanding the Belarusian Flags.' Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty. August 14, 2020.
- 'Флаг белорусского протеста - бело-красно-белый. А почему? Откуда он взялся?' Meduza. 13 августа 2020.
- 'Пять интересных фактов про создателя бело-красно-белого флага'. Charter 97. 17 января 2021.
- 'Штраф за символику на балконе: в Беларуси запретили протестный флаг'. Deuche Welle. 15 января 2021.
The House of Government
On August 14, 2020, a large crowd gathered in front of the House of Government in Minsk. The riot police officers in charge of guarding the building received an order to put their shields down. The protesters perceived this gesture as a sign of the police siding with the people. Some female protesters started hugging and kissing the police officers and giving them flowers. After the protest entered its reactionary phase, many people reproached those women for channeling the lighthearted flower power ethos in protesting the military usurpation of power at a time when the other side was committing massive human rights violations.
- 'Протестующие обнимают (и даже целуют) военных у Дома правительства Беларуси. Фотография'. Meduza. 14 августа 2020.
- 'Беларусь. Протесты. 14.08.20.' Настоящее время. 14 августа 2020.
St. Wenceslaus Raising the White, Red and White Flag
According to the Czech Statistical Office, nearly 7000 Belarusian ex-pats live in the Czech Republic. Many of them are critical of the current regime and participate in the protests to make their voices heard. On August 9, 2020, many Belarusians living in the Czech Republic gathered in St. Wenceslaus’ square in Prague to support the protesters in Belarus. On August 16, during another large protest rally, the large white-red-white Belarusian flag was placed at the center of a heart formed by nearly a thousand people gathering in the Czech capital’s Old Town Square. Additionally, buildings in several Prague districts flew the historical Belarusian flag to support the ongoing protests. In January 2021, Škoda Auto, a Czech automobile manufacturer, refused to sponsor the Hockey World Championship in Belarus and expressed its solidarity with Belarusian protests.
- 'Hundreds Gather in Prague, Warsaw to Support Belarus Protesters.' Reuters. August 16, 2020.
- ''Free Belarus,' Protesters Demand as Rallies Reach Prague.' Rappler. August 17, 2020.
- 'В Праге прошла совместная акция беларусов и бирманцев.' Charter 97. 15 февраля 2021.
Citizens of St. Petersburg
The Belarusians of Saint Petersburg, Russia form another significant community outside Belarus and the second-largest diaspora in the city after Ukrainians. According to different estimates, there are 38,000–65,000 Belarusians living there. Since August 9, the Belarusians of Saint Petersburg have been protesting every day outside the Belarusian Embassy and in other locations around the city. A single instance of the detention of some protesters was reported in December 2020. Daily protest actions make the Belarusians of Saint Petersburg the most active group outside the country.
- 'Белорусы Санкт-Петербурга высмеяли тараканий режим'. Charter 97. 13 февраля 2021.
- 'Почти 200 дней протеста. Как белорусы проводят акции в Санкт-Петербурге'. Крым. Реалии. 12 февраля 2021.
- 'Акции солидарности с белорусами прошли в Санкт-Петербурге и Москве.' Charter 97. 26 января 2021.
- 'У нашего народа проблема одна.' Поговорили с беларусами, которые больше 180 дней выходят на акции протеста в Санкт-Петербурге. TUT.BY. 9 февраля 2021.
This series of images depicts Aliaksandar Lukashenka as a cockroach. The cockroach metaphor was first used during Siarhei Tsikhanousky’s election campaign. His motto “stop the cockroach” gained popularity, and the word itself gradually came to have an automatic association with the Belarusian dictator. The metaphor of a cockroach as a mustachioed tyrant goes back to the work of Russian children’s author Kornei Chukovsky, namely his fairy tale poem “The Monster Cockroach” [Tarakanishche] (1921). In this poem, an insect assumes power over animal world by bullying them, possibly as a reference to the figure of Joseph Stalin (1878–1953). The poem became popular in the Belarusian protests. Some people went out to the street with slippers in their hands to suggest smashing the cockroach. The events of summer 2020 are sometimes referred to as the “Slipper Revolution,” but the name did not stick.
- 'Belarusian Opposition Leader Arrested after Calling Lukashenka a "Cockroach".' Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. June 1, 2020.
- 'Waving Slippers at the "Cockroach" president of Belarus.' The Economist. June 20, 2020.
- 'Belarusians launch the slipper revolution to quash "Cockroach" Lukashenko's rule.' The Times. June 20, 2020.
- 'Belarus is having an Anti-"Cockroach" Revolution.' Foreign Policy. June 4, 2020.
- 'Сам себе революционер. Как Александр Лукашенко поднял Беларусь на борьбу с собой'. Дождь. 9 августа 2020.
Workers from MKZT Factory
The Minsk Wheeled Tractor Plant (MZKT) is known as a manufacturer of heavy off-road vehicles. It was formerly a division of MAZ, one of the largest Eastern European automotive manufacturers producing city buses and trucks. In August 2020, MKZT became one of the ten state-run Belarusian factories that joined the strike. Others included: Grodno Azot, BelAZ, the Kozlov Minsk Electrotechnical Plant, and the Astravets Nuclear Power Plant. On August 17, 2020, during Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s visit to the MKZT plant, the workers famously booed the dictator, and one of them shouted out, “Shoot yourself, officer!” The video went viral. The worker, Andrei Sudas, was later arrested.
- 'On the ninth day of protests, striking workers call on the president of Belarus to resign.' Los Angeles Times. August 17, 2020.
- 'Lukashenko booed by Belarusian workers.' Politico. August 17, 2020.
- 'Возбуждено уголовное дело по факту забастовок на МЗКТ'. Белорусский партизан. 22 февраля 2021.
- 'В августе они кричали Лукашенко "Уходи!", а сейчас молчат...'. Белорусский партизан. 22 февраля 2021.
Born in 1946, seventy-four-year-old Nina Bahinskaya is an icon of the Belarusian protests. She is a well-known activist of the Belarusian Popular Front, a social and political independence movement established in Belarus in 1989. Bahinskaya has a long history of fiercely opposing the Lukashenka regime, including being detained multiple times and receiving dozens of fines. In 2020, she became especially famous for saying, “I’m walking” in response to the riot police who attempted to stop her and take away her flag. The video later went viral. In September 2020, Bahinskaya was featured in Italian Vogue as “the mother of the Belarusian revolution.”
- 'Belarusian Pensioner Fights Police For Flag.' Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. August 29, 2020.
- 'Meet the 73-year-old great-grandmother defying Lukashenka in Belarus.' Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. August 25, 2020.
- 'Who is Nina Bahinskaya? The 73-year-old Belarusian that takes on riot police?' Euronews. September 13, 2020.
This comic is based on the viral video released on September 23, 2020, of a Yandex ridesharing driver saving a protester who was running from the police.
People with Unlimited Abilities
On October 15, 2020, the first march of people with disabilities took place in Minsk.Many people with disabilities who were fed up with the regime took to the streets to express their protest against its violence. A few of them had only recently begun using wheelchairs due to the brutal crackdown on August demonstrations. These marches lasted from October 15 to the end of November and attracted up to 200 people. Some detentions were reported by the press.
- 'Protests in Belarus Continue as People with Disabilities and Women Take to Streets.' Belarus Feed. October 22, 2020.
- 'Disabled people march in Minsk against election fraud and violence.' Euroradio. October 16, 2020.
- 'В Минске снова вышли на март люди с ограниченными возможностями'. Белорусская Деловая Газета. 22 октября 2020.
- 'Марш "(не)инвалидов" прошел в Минске.' Еврорадио. 15 октября 2020.
According to the Belarusian Association of Journalists, in 2020, independent journalists were detained over 470 times, 97 underwent administrative arrests, and 15 are currently facing false criminal charges. Among them are three fearless female journalists: Dar'ia Chultsova, Katsiaryna Andreeva, and Katsiaryna Barysevich. They are being charged with organizing mass protests and disclosing medical information about Roman Bondarenko, a protester murdered by the regime’s cronies. Also among the journalists are the founder of the Press-Club Belarus, Yulia Slutskaya, four other former members, well-respected journalist Andrei Aliaksandrau, and his partner Iryna Zlobina. They are guilty of doing their work and supporting the victims of the political repressions. Ihar Losik, administrator of a popular social media channel in Belarus, has been on a hunger strike for over a month. Siarhei Tsikhanouski, the prominent video blogger and the husband of Belarusian opposition leader Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, is charged with organizing mass protests. Fifty media websites have been blocked and had their licenses suspended. Repressions against independent journalists in Belarus continue.
- 'Belarusian Journalists Handed 'Absurd' Prison Sentences for Live Coverage of Anti-Government Rally.' Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. February 18, 2021.
- 'Belarusian journalist on trial over report on protester's death.' Associated Press. February 19, 2021.
- 'Belarus jails two journalists who covered Lukashenko's protests.' The Guardian. February 18, 2020.
- 'TUT.BY Journalist Imprisoned For 6 Months, Doctor Given Suspended 2-Year Prison Sentence'. Belarus Feed. March 2, 2021.
- 'США и Британия ввели санкции за давление на журналистов Беларуси.' Deutche Welle. 19 февраля 2021.
- 'У журналистов и правозащитников Беларуси прошли обыски. Силовики ищут западные деньги на акции протеста.' BBC News. Русская служба. 16 февраля 2021.
- Суд приговорил журналистку и врача к лишению свободы за правду о «0 промилле». The Village Belarus. March 2, 2021.
Back to the Future
While the outcome of the Belarusian revolution-in-progress remains unknown, this display offers a variety of the artist’s projections onto the future.
Titled Get Out!, the first image reiterates one of the most popular protest slogans, while Nature itself seems to be in agreement with the protesters.
The second work titled A.G.: Back to the Future alludes to the English translation of a popular Soviet-era sci-fi comedy known in Russian as Ivan Vasilievich is Changing His Profession (1973). It narrates the story of tsar Ivan the Terrible, a tyrant from the 16th century Muscovite Rus', who is transported to Soviet Moscow via a time machine. Symbolizing the prison bars, the vertical stripes hint at the likely outcome of the modern-day Belarusian dictator.
This tableau offers the artist’s allegory of the cycle of life, death, and rebirth.
- Zamirovuskaya, Tatsiana. Dreams of Belarusian People about Alexander Lukashenko. PEN America. August 13, 2020.
- Замировская, Татьяна. "Приснился Лукашенко с автоматом в руках": Сны беларусов о Лукашенко начинают сбываться. The Village Беларусь, 24 августа 2020.
- Замировская, Татьяна. "Лукашенко умрет через два года": большое исследование сознания беларусов через их сны про Лукашенко. The Village Беларусь, 2 октября 2020.
All rights reserved by Rufina Bazlova