Boreal Forests Cook Inlet Taiga

-------------------------- Location --------------------------
The Boreal forest is located in a continuos band across the planet, stretching from Northen America (Canada) to Northern Eurasia (Russia). More specifically, the illustrious Cook inlet taiga is located in Cook Inlet, on the south-central coast of Alaska. The ecoregion is almost completely surrounded and curtained by mountains. The area also has many sources of fresh and salt water.
---------------------------- Flora ---------------------------
The Cook Inlet Taiga, like many other forests in the Boreal region, are filled with flora of many types. The Black Cottonwood tree (top) is native to the west coast of Alaska and Canada, making Cook inlet a hotspot for the large tree. With an average trunk diameter of 2.2m, it is a common tree for the production of wood and making it the largest poplar species in the Americas. Both the Black and White Spruce are native to the northern temperate and boreal forests in North America. These particular species of spruce trees are commonly used as Christmas trees.
---------------------------- Fauna ----------------------------
The Inlet is rich in wildlife, and with an abundance of water sources and flora, wildlife in the taiga is able to flourish. The grey wolf (top left) along with the Canada Lynx (top right) are close to the top of the food chain of the Inlet, only the Baldk bear surpassing them both. The Kanai river is a large river that circulates through the taiga which is home to the largest species of salmon, the chinook salmon (top middle).
---------------------- Physical Features -----------------------

Physical Features

The characteristics of the boreal forest come down to the the physical environment in which they are found in. There are three essential components of the environment that result in the boreal forest itself. These are the soil type, climate and water systems.

In order for the dense and ever growing flora to flourish, the soil has to be rich and fibrous. This is a result of moisture and dampness, as well as light to moderate sun exposure, making the boreal forest the perfect place for flora to grow. The climate is generally cold, ranging from -5 to 5 degrees celcius for the majority of the seasonal year. This means that only certain species of fauna and flora can adapt to these conditions.

Human interactions

The photos behind are prime examples of the boreal forest being clear-cut for timber, gas, oil and farming exposure in Canada and Alberta respectively. Clear-cutting is devastating the boreal forest and is showing no signs of stopping.

Bibliography

• http://wikivisually.com/wiki/Cook_Inlet_taiga. •https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cook_Inlet_taiga. •http://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/na0603. •https://www.pellet.org/images/Harvesting_in_the_Boreal_Forest.pdf

Created By
Mitchell Issa
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Created with images by andyarthur - "Boreal Forest Along the Boreas River" • andyarthur - "Boreal Forest"

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