Franklin D. Roosevelt 32nd President

January 30, 1882 - April 12, 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt as a Juvenile

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only child of James Roosevelt and Sara Ann Delano Roosevelt. This also meant he was born into a wealthy family because the Roosevelts had made their fortune from real estate and trade.

Whilst he was growing up Franklin D. Roosevelt by a sense of self-importance and privilege. His education was taught by tutors and governesses until he turned 14 years old. The entire household revolved around him and his mother was the dominant figure in his life, even through his years as an adult.

But by 1896, Franklin D. Roosevelt he started attending Groton School for Boys, a famous sacred preparatory school in Massachusetts. While his classmates fitted in and excelled in the school, Franklin did not. Especially the athletics part of the program. Though he tried his best to please the teachers and took the teachings very seriously. He was also trying to follow in the footsteps of his idol, Theodore Roosevelt.

Groton School for Boys
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Report Card

Then 4 years later, he finally graduated in 1900 and moved onto Harvard University. Determined to make something of himself yet he mainly got "C's", but he also became a member of the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity, an editor for the Harvard Crimson newspaper. Roosevelt then received his degrees within only three years.

Harvard in Massachusetts

In his final year of Harvard he met Eleanor Roosevelt, his 5th cousin and Theodore Roosevelt's niece, and they quickly became engaged. By March 17, 1905.

Young Roosevelt's in love and married.

For the next five years up until 1910 and at age 28, Franklin D. Roosevelt Law in Columbia and New York, but soon found it boring and restricting. He had higher things in mind, and it so happened that he was invited to run for New York State Senate.

And so, Franklin D. Roosevelt ran as a Democrat. But he ran in an area that had been voting for the past 32 years for a Republican government. Though with some hard campaigning and the help of his name Roosevelt, he was able to win the Democratic seat by a landslide.

As a the newly appointed State Senator of New York, Franklin soon started opposing the political workings of the Democratic in New York. By opposing he also won himself the rage of some of the party leaders but it also gained him the national notoriety and valuable experience that he would need in political tactics and intrigue very soon.

Before long, Franklin D. Roosevelt has begun to form an alliance with Louis Howe, a character who could/would be shaping his political career in the next 2 and a half decades.

Between 1912-1914, Roosevelt had accomplished and did many things. Some which was him being reelected as the State Senate of New York, serving as Chair of the Agricultural Committee, passing Labor/Farm Bills, and preforming Social Welfare programs. Others being that Franklin had supported a Presidential Candidate named Woodrow Wilson. He was rewarded for his support by being appointment as an Assistant Secretary of the Navy, which as it turned out that had been the same job his role model, Theodore Roosevelt, had occupied and used to get himself into the Presidential business.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was described as an energetic and efficient administrator by his peers and followers. He excelled and specialized in working with Congress to get budgets approved & systems modernized, and business operations. Franklin also founded the U.S. Naval Reserve. But he eventually became restless because he was in the position of "second chair" to his boss, Josephus Daniels, the Secretary of the Navy, and whom was less than enthusiastic about supporting such a large and efficient Naval Force.

So in order to change this, Franklin D. Roosevelt decided it was time to step up his importance to the government. He decided to run for the U.S. Senate seat for New York. The idea was doomed plan from the beginning. This was because he lacked the White House support that he needed. Though President Wilson needed some Democratic Political energy he needed for his social reforms could be passed and the insurance that would grant him another thing he wanted: his 100% chance at reelection. But he couldn't support Franklin because he had made too many political enemies among the Democrats of New York. And knowing this, Roosevelt gave up in the primary election and learned a valuable lesson: That a well-organized local political organization couldn't be defeated by national stature

Still in politics but changing tactics, Franklin D. Roosevelt was soon finding his personal success in life as well as a professional success in the world. His new tactic led him to try at Washington Politics and not like before he ended up thriving on personal relationships. At the most important parties he was mainly seen and the women considered him to be a very attractively, handsome man. Later within the year of 1914, he soon began developing a relationship with Lucy Mercer, his wife Eleanor Roosevelt's Social Secretary. And just as soon that became a "friendship" very well evolved into something more, a love affair. This new relationship Franklin had created with Lucy lasted for awhile, until 1918, when Eleanor Roosevelt discovered it one day.

Eleanor gave him the ultimate choice; either he stopped seeing her Social Secretary or she would file for a divorce. Franklin agreed to stop seeing Lucy. But unbeknownst to Eleanor, Franklin D. Roosevelt secretly kept seeing Ms. Mercer over the years.

Over the next 2 years, Franklin's political career continued to thrive even after he started keeping a secret safely away from his wife. And with the success of thriving political career he was soon accepting a nomination for a position as Vice President at the 1920 Democrat Convention. But he wasn't the only one being nominated. Franklin also had a running mate, James M. Cox.

Franklin D. Roosevelt vs. Warren G. Harding

While unknown to them before it was too late they were both beaten to the position by Warren G. Harding, a Republican, in the initial election.Though this meant Franklin D. Roosevelt wouldn't get the position he wanted it did mean that he gained the experience that gave him some national exposure.

Deciding it was time to take a break from politics Franklin decided to vacation at Campbell Island near New Brunswick, Canada. But whilst he was there, he soon contracted Polio and it was later confirmed by a diagnosis from a doctor there at the time.

Though at first Franklin D. Roosevelt had endlessly refused to accept the that he was permanently paralyzed for the rest of his days. Just to prove himself right Franklin tried a great numerous amounts of different kinds of therapies. He even bought Georgia's Warm Springs Resort seeking his nonexistent cure. Although, despite his best efforts, Franklin D. Roosevelt could never be able to regain the use of his legs. Franklin later established a foundation that would help others at Warm Springs Resort, Georgie. He also instituted a program called The March of Dimes and it was eventually funded as a place to research for an effective Polio vaccine.

Franklin D. Roosevelt vs. Polio Virus... Wait. Why is Gir here?!

For a while, Franklin D. Roosevelt was resigned to just submit and be a an innocent victim of Polio, with the belief that his political career was altogether over. But both his wife Eleanor Roosevelt and a Political Confidante named Louis Howe encouraged him to continue on, to not give up. And so, Franklin worked hard to improve both his physical and political image over the next several years. He even taught himself to walk short distances in the braces he was given to help with the Polio and was especially careful to not to let the public see him using his wheelchair. Franklin slowly but surely began to fix his relationship with the New York Democratic Political System.

Franklin D. Roosevelt was soon seen appearing at the 1924 & 1928 Democratic National Conventions for the nomination of the New York Governor Al Smith for President. This helped increase Franklin's national exposure even more.

In 1928, Al Smith, the current Governor of New York, urged Franklin D. Roosevelt to run for the position. Franklin ran for it and was barely elected, but the victory of him being the new Governor of New York only gave him confidence that his political ranking was rising.

Within the next 2 years, the Republicans were soon being accused as the reason that the Great Depression had come onto them. At this prospect Franklin sensed a valuable opportunity on hand. This pushed him to run for Presidency, promising for a relief from government intervention in the economy, and to provide recovery and reform from the Great Depression.

In November, of 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt's sudden but positive approach and personal charm to the election helped him to be able to win against the Republican who currently ran, Herbert Hoover. And by March of 1933, Franklin took office and found that there was a population of 13 million unemployed Americans along with hundreds of closed down banks. He soon realized that he faced America's greatest crisis in all its history since the beginning of the Civil War.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt

In Franklin D. Roosevelt's first 100 days as President, he proposed to sweep away all economic reforms and called for a "New Deal" for the Americans. Franklin ordered for a temporary closing of the all banks so as to halt the run on deposits. He formed a "Brain Trust" of economic advisers, designers of the "Alphabet Agencies". Some of which was the AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Administration) a way to support the farm prices just by reducing the amount of agriculture production through subsidies. Another agency the economic advisers was the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps). This one was to help employ young unmarried men so they can work on refurbishing the public lands and national parks. And the NRA (National Recovery Administration), an agency that aided in regulating the wages and prices. Other agencies of the economic advisers helped to insure bank deposits, regulation of the stock market, subsidized mortgages, and provided relief for the unemployed.

By 1936, improvement could easily be seen throughout the economy. The Unemployment rate dropped from 25% to 14% and the gross national product went up 34%. But everywhere Franklin D. Roosevelt turned he ended up facing criticism because of unbalanced budgets, increased amounts of government spending, and to some perspectives they thought the country to be moving slowly toward Socialism. The U.S. Supreme Court soon declared Several New Deal Acts to be unconstitutional during the mid-1930s.

Franklin D. Roosevelt fought back by proposing to attack the U.S. Supreme Court by going to justices who were more likely to go for his reforms. Some of the Democrats and a great majority in the Congress very soon rejected the idea. Republican victories in the mid-term elections, an economy that continues to grow sluggish, and negative publicity very soon ended Franklin's ability to pass any more reform legislations.

Americans had soon adopted an Isolationist Policy for any foreign affairs ever since the ending of WWI. In the early 1930s though, Congress had prevented the United States from ever becoming caught up in other countries problems by passing the Neutrality Act.

In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt established a policy in Latin America called the Good Neighbor Policy and stepped away from the very idea of the Monroe Doctrine. However, when Asia and Europe begin to have military conflicts emerged between them and the countries they were fighting, Franklin very quickly sought many ways to help aid China in its war with the Japanese. He also declared that America's "first line of defense" against Nazi Germany was France and Great Britain. In 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt began to help fight the Nazis by helping to defend France and Britain from them.

Early in 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt didn't make a public announcement that he would try and run for a third term as President. But between Japan's growing dominance in Asia and Germany's victories in Europe, he felt and thought that in such trying times, only he had the experience and skills to lead America.

Franklin D. Roosevelt beat all challengers and won the nomination at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. And he won the Presidential election once again and against the Republican Wendell Willkie in November of 1940 .

With war raging in Europe, Franklin D. Roosevelt is forced to push the United States' factories to become an "Arsenal of Democracy" for their allies whom were Russia, France, and Britain early into the year of 1941.

Isolationist sentiment soon diminished as the Americans learned more and more about the war's disasters. Seeing this, Franklin takes advantage by standing firm against the the leaders of Germans, Italians, and Japanese. The U.S. hopes of having absolutely no part of WWII quickly ended when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

Only a few months after a declaration for war, Franklin D. Roosevelt soon signed a document called the Executive Order 9066 ordered everyone of Japanese descent to immediately leave the West Coast.

As a result, 120,000 people, many of which are American citizens, were shipped inland to different camps located inland. Oddly though, this order didn't apply to Hawaii because one-third of its population had people of Japanese descent. Apparently the order didn't apply to neither the Americans of Italian or German ancestry that was living in the U.S.

At a tremendous loss, nearly every single Japanese American along the West Coast was forced to quit their jobs and sell their properties/businesses. They were only given just days to leave their homes and neighborhoods so they could be transported to the camps inland. This caused to turn upside down their entire social order.

Racial problems towards the Japanese Americans had fueled strong suspicion and hatred among almost all the whites living along the West Coast even years prior to WWII. Franklin D. Roosevelt felt that a relocation needed because of the tension from between the public and the military authorities so as to protect their homeland from sabotage.

Franklin D. Roosevelt soon became a commander in chief who sometimes worked around and with his military advisers. For the defeat of Germany he helped to create a plan that would have Germany's demise in Europe. This would happen through a series of invasions. The first in North Africa in November 1942. The second invasion would be in Sicily and Italy in 1943. And with the last invasion of Europe in 1944. Whilst at the same time, the allied forces would go back after Japan in Asia and the eastern Pacific. During all this, Franklin also had the formation of the United Nations promoted.

For Franklin D. Roosevelt, the stress of war had slowly began to take its toll on him. By March in 1944, the hospital tests told the story that he had Atherosclerosis, an artery disease and with it, the congestive heart failure. Though in spite of this, Franklin decided to run for 4th term as President, He did this because the United States was deeply immersed in war and he wouldn't leave it to drown in its own blood. Franklin D. Roosevelt selected the Missouri Senator, Harry S. Truman. as his running mate. And together they won against the Republican candidate, Thomas E. Dewey, carrying 36 of the 48 states.

In February of 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt along with the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and Soviet General Secretary, Joseph Stalin, they all attended the Yalta Conference so they could discuss a post-war reorganization. Franklin then returned to the United States and headed to the Warm Springs Resort in Georgia.

Franklin D. Roosevelt suffered with a massive cerebral hemorrhage and died on the afternoon of April 12, 1945. By his side were two of his cousins, Margaret Suckley & Laura Delano along with his former mistress Lucy Mercer Rutherford, with whom he had maintained his relationship.

And within hours of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death, Vice President Harry S. Truman was quickly called to the White House where he took the oath of office and ascended as President. Franklin's sudden passing shocked the Americans to its heart. Though much of the public had noticed that he had looked exhausted in the photographs and news. And as a result, no one had been prepared for his death.

Franklin D. Roosevelt had led the United States through its greatest crisis' in his lifetime, from an Economic Great Depression to the greatest war in all of human history, WWII. An entire generation of Americans had grown up knowing no other president besides Franklin D. Roosevelt. His social programs during the Great Depression redefined the role of government in Americans' lives. Franklin's role during World War II established the United States' leadership on the world's stage. His 12 years in the White House as President set a goal for the expansion of Presidential power and also helped to redefine Liberalism for generations to come.

R.IP. Rest In Peace 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt


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