During all this semester we have watched a lot of topics than can be used in a normal day on the school and it can help us to expand our mind
The tense system
We use present simple when we want to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual or it can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
I play soccer; He doesn´t play soccer;We can´t forget his birthday; If we want to pass the exam,we have to study a lot
We use present continous to express an action that is happening now,at this moment or it can used to show that something is not happening now
I´m playing soccer now; I´m learning English in my school; I´m not drinking cofee on this moment
We use past simple to express the ide that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past
I used to watch TV; I played with my friends a lot when I was a kid; Did you go to the party?
We use past continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted.
I was playing soccer when my mom calls me; When he was taking a bat,the phone rang; I was doing my homework when the accident happens.
The future simple has two differents forms in English:will and be going to.'Will' often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily or for respond to someone else's complaint or request for help
I will go out with you when I finished the project ; I will play soccer when I be better ; I will eat better when I bought my food
'Be going to' is used for express that something is a plan or that a person intends to do something in the future
He is going to cut his hair when the school starts ; We are going to be on the cinema at 8 PM ; They are going to go out of the city when they had vacations.
We use present perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.We use the present perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
I've watched all Star Wars movies ; I haven´t eaten chips ; We've lived all the life together
Present Perfect Continuous
We use present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now.
They have been talking for the last hour ; We have been waiting here for over two hours ; I´ve been playing soccer since I have 8 years old
The past perfect express the idea that something occurred before another action in the past
She only understood the movie because she had read the book ; Kristine had never been to an opera before last night ; I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.
Past Perfect Continuous
We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past
We had been talking during three hours ; I had been working on a famous company before I left the city
Present Perfect Passive
The objective of this topic is change the order of the words in a sentence but having an equal meaning
The first sentence is the original,it hasn´t any changes and its formed by:
Subject + have/has+ + ppv (past participle verb) + object
For change the sentence,we need to put first the object like subject
Then we put 'have/has' plus the verb in past participle form
And for finish we put the object pronoun after the word 'by'(this step isn't necessary if the sentence has sense without this).
The structure of the final sentence needs to be like this: Object + have/has + been + ppv + by + object pronoun
Our salesman have sold all the carpets=All the carpets have been sold (by the salesman)
Mr.Rodrigo have teached students a new lesson = A new lesson has been teached to students (by Mr.Rodrigo)
To form this question correct use the auxiliary of the main phrase and its subject but opposite sign. If the sentence is affirmative, the question tag is negative and vice versa.
You can help me,can't you? ; You worked yesterday,didn't you? ; You’re not from here, are you? ; They didn’t go to class yesterday, did they?
Defining or non-defining relative clause
Defining relative clause
We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something – information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes. We usually use a relative pronoun (who, that, which, whose and whom) to introduce a defining relative clause
He is the man who won the lottery ; Here is the place where I met her ; There are a lot of T-shirts that I havent used in a long time
Non-defining relative clause
We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. We don’t need it to understand who or what is being referred to.We always use a relative pronoun to introduce a non-defining relative clause
Teacher Alvaro,who is going to put all his students 100 in this project,did an amazing travel to Florida for the Star Wars anniversary
Is used to indicate something that happened or would happen in the past in a habitual way. Also, it is used for something that was once true but no longer is.If the sentence is negative or interrogative you can remove the letter 'd' of used.
I used to watch a lot of TV ; I didn't use to play soccer like now ; I used to go with my family all sundays to the cinema ; Did you use to play this?