A course full of experiences Advanced I

Grammar

During all this semester we have watched a lot of topics than can be used in a normal day on the school and it can help us to expand our mind

The tense system

Present simple

We use present simple when we want to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual or it can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.

Examples

I play soccer; He doesn´t play soccer;We can´t forget his birthday; If we want to pass the exam,we have to study a lot

Present Continuous

We use present continous to express an action that is happening now,at this moment or it can used to show that something is not happening now

Examples

I´m playing soccer now; I´m learning English in my school; I´m not drinking cofee on this moment

Past Simple

We use past simple to express the ide that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past

Examples

I used to watch TV; I played with my friends a lot when I was a kid; Did you go to the party?

Past Continuous

We use past continuous to indicate that a longer action in the past was interrupted.

Examples

I was playing soccer when my mom calls me; When he was taking a bat,the phone rang; I was doing my homework when the accident happens.

Future Simple

The future simple has two differents forms in English:will and be going to.'Will' often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily or for respond to someone else's complaint or request for help

Examples

I will go out with you when I finished the project ; I will play soccer when I be better ; I will eat better when I bought my food

'Be going to' is used for express that something is a plan or that a person intends to do something in the future

Examples

He is going to cut his hair when the school starts ; We are going to be on the cinema at 8 PM ; They are going to go out of the city when they had vacations.

Present Perfect

We use present perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.We use the present perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.

Examples 

I've watched all Star Wars movies ; I haven´t eaten chips ; We've lived all the life together

Present Perfect Continuous

We use present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now.

Examples

They have been talking for the last hour ; We have been waiting here for over two hours ; I´ve been playing soccer since I have 8 years old

Past Perfect

The past perfect express the idea that something occurred before another action in the past

Examples

She only understood the movie because she had read the book ; Kristine had never been to an opera before last night ; I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.

Past Perfect Continuous

We use the past perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past

Examples

We had been talking during three hours ; I had been working on a famous company before I left the city

Present Perfect Passive

The objective of this topic is change the order of the words in a sentence but having an equal meaning

The first sentence is the original,it hasn´t any changes and its formed by:

Subject + have/has+ + ppv (past participle verb) + object

For change the sentence,we need to put first the object like subject

Then we put 'have/has' plus the verb in past participle form

And for finish we put the object pronoun after the word 'by'(this step isn't necessary if the sentence has sense without this).

The structure of the final sentence needs to be like this: Object + have/has + been + ppv + by + object pronoun

Examples

Our salesman have sold all the carpets=All the carpets have been sold (by the salesman)

Mr.Rodrigo have teached students a new lesson = A new lesson has been teached to students (by Mr.Rodrigo)

Question Tags

To form this question correct use the auxiliary of the main phrase and its subject but opposite sign. If the sentence is affirmative, the question tag is negative and vice versa.

Examples

You can help me,can't you? ; You worked yesterday,didn't you? ; You’re not from here, are you? ; They didn’t go to class yesterday, did they?

Defining or non-defining relative clause

Defining relative clause

We use defining relative clauses to give essential information about someone or something – information that we need in order to understand what or who is being referred to. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes. We usually use a relative pronoun (who, that, which, whose and whom) to introduce a defining relative clause

Examples

He is the man who won the lottery ; Here is the place where I met her ; There are a lot of T-shirts that I havent used in a long time

Non-defining relative clause

We use non-defining relative clauses to give extra information about the person or thing. We don’t need it to understand who or what is being referred to.We always use a relative pronoun to introduce a non-defining relative clause

Teacher Alvaro,who is going to put all his students 100 in this project,did an amazing travel to Florida for the Star Wars anniversary

Used to

Is used to indicate something that happened or would happen in the past in a habitual way. Also, it is used for something that was once true but no longer is.If the sentence is negative or interrogative you can remove the letter 'd' of used.

Examples

I used to watch a lot of TV ; I didn't use to play soccer like now ; I used to go with my family all sundays to the cinema ; Did you use to play this?

Vocabulary

During the semester we saw differents types of vocabulary, but one of the most important I think is those one of the human body because we use them everyday. Here some examples.

Heart to heart: Honest conversation,
Hads full: Too much to do. Give me a hand: HELP. Hand out: Distribute
Shoulder something: Take RESONSABILITY

I am all thumbs: Clumsy. . Nosy: To be an interested in oher people business. Face the fact

Another good vocabulary which i use in most of my days are those one that uses to describe people, places and things.
Humble: A person who is loyal or good intention Stubborn: Obstinado Arrogant: A person who is unpleasant. Conceited: A smug person.
To describe places. Overcrowded: Many peolple in one place. Picturesque: That result nice. Desolate: No one there
Waterproof: Resist water. Smashed: A thing that is crushed.

PERSONAL REFLECTION.

During this little time that a spent with this group and teacher I learned a lot of wonderful things, in fact those things are not only english but I learned about me and how to work in team, thanks to Teacher Alvaro I could see how he put creativity, enthusiasm and innovation, my teacher is diferrent, a person who loves what he does, because he knows than has the future of this country in his hands.- Luis Aguilar

I believed than this semester has been the best that I've had because the teacher has motivated us to do our best effort all the days although we don't want to do nothing.I liked than the class was very practice,because we use games and videos for learn the topics,not only the book and I think this was very good.Thanks to the teacher for this great semester-Rodrigo Silva

PROJECTS

In this project we used an aplication called Wallame,with this aplication the viewer could watch different photos in places where it hasn't sense but this make you laugh and you want to discover more.

Singing Festival

This project was really funny because all of us were very happy after do our presentation because did our best effort after practice in the class.It was a little complicate because we dont want to pass because we had nerves but with the practice it was dissapearing.

Credits:

Created with images by terimakasih0 - "hands writing diary" • PinkMoose - "body" • Douglas Haase - "heart" • Danny Chapman - "Hand" • A. Sparrow - "Relocated Shoulder" • jarmoluk - "education a good idea an array of" • fiction of reality - "feline" • harutmovsisyan - "city people street" • Pezibear - "raspberry toothpick glass"

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