WHat is Imperialism?
Imperialism is a doctrine, behavior, tendency or system of those regimes that wish to expand their dominion towards another or other territories through force (military, political or economic). An imperialist state, therefore, wishes to impose itself on other countries and to exercise its control.
At the moment of beginning to define the term imperialism it is important that, firstly, we undertake the establishment of its etymological origin because it will give us the keys of its meaning. In this way we can establish that this origin is in Latin and is the result of the union of three clearly differentiated elements: the prefix "in" which can be translated as "inwards", the verb "parare" which means "to order", and finally the suffix -ism that is equivalent to "doctrine."
The modern notion of imperialism emerged from the nineteenth century to name the process of economic growth carried out by the European powers. These countries began to conquer land and to create colonies in different continents with the intention of accessing raw materials and finding new markets for their products.
Examples of imperialism
British Imperialism in India
The English East India Company actually ruled this region until its dissolution after the Revolt of the Sepoys. In 1858 India became formally a British colony and all the possessions of the Company became part of the estate of the crown
The parliament created a Ministry of State of India, named the Viceroy who settled in Calcutta and assumed the administration assisted by an executive council and another legislative, accompanied by provincial governors and district officials. London respected treaties with local regents prior to the rebellion and approximately 40% of the territory remained under the control of more than 500 princes of different ethnicities and religions.
Imperialism in Africa
As Europe was going through the process of the Industrial Revolution it needed raw materials and new consumer markets for goods produced by European industries. One solution found was the exploitation of the regions of Asia and Africa. The African continent was divided between the European countries that deployed an imperialist system, ignoring the culture and rich ethnic diversity in the region.
The imperialism applied by Europeans in Africa in the second half of the nineteenth century left wounds on the continent until the present day. In addition to exploiting natural resources, imperialism unleashed ethnic conflicts in Africa. African culture was also damaged during the process.
Imperialism in France
French imperialism began with the fall of the monarchy, the general states were divided into three, the upper, middle and lower class. Those of the upper class were people who had money and were the privileged. Later, the National Constituent Assembly, on August 4, abolished feudal privileges, where the king and the upper class were against this abolition, because it was not convenient for all people now to have privileges, obviously not like the Of the upper class, but more of those that already counted. The 26 of August of 1789, approved the declaration of the rights of the man and of the Citizen.
Later a federation ceremony was called, which is considered as the Charter of the French Nation, already existed before, this made the regions that feared for the wars were later united, accepted to be freely French, the above Benefited the people, since they could dispose of these regions freely, this was a republican right and not monarchical.
The concept of 'US imperialism' is accepted by most of the international community, both by politicians and by historians. It is an unquestionable fact that the United States has had an imperialist behavior since the beginning of its formation as a country, and especially throughout the S. XX.
Imperialism can be defined as the "attitude and doctrine of those who advocate or practice the extension of one country's dominion over another or others by means of military, economic or political force". Thus, when the United States intervenes in Afghanistan or Iraq, it is a form of imperialism, or when it supports military dictatorships in certain countries, or launches preventive wars (just in case) over other nations, it is imperialism as well. Imperialism through military force.
Although political imperialism could also be mentioned (as when the US forces other nations to adopt political decisions by means of pressures) or economic imperialism (when it decides to initiate the blockade of Cuba, for example), in this article we are going to focus Only in military imperialism, which is translated into wars and conflicts throughout the world.
Because imperialism is a concept that encompasses a global dimension. There is no small-scale imperialism. Forging an empire always involves large dimensions. In the case of the American Empire, it is clear that the board where the game is played is the world. No corner escapes. From large countries such as the former Soviet Union to small and unknown countries such as the island of Granada. All have suffered, suffer and suffer some form of imperialism.
The United States, on its way to the protection of the world and the elimination of the enemies of democracy and freedom, has forged an army that spans all continents on Earth.