Racial Equality has been a battle fought for a long time. The post World War II period was about 1945, and during this time, many people clung together to form organizations to fight for their rights.
Organizations that fought for African-American rights post WWII include: The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and The National Urban League (NUL).
The NAACP fought for ending segregation. The Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that schools couldn’t be segregated.
A bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama after Rosa Parks was arrested for sitting in the “white” section of the bus. Sit-in’s were done as part of the nonviolence. Protesters sat on seats that were segregated and the business would lose money. People would spit on the protesters and be violent with them but the protesters had to show nonviolence. This lasted over a year and finally the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was unconstitutional.
The leader of bus boycott, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., became the head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, that led protest activities across the South. The preaching of nonviolence was passed on from Mohandas Gandhi to Martin Luther King Jr.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed and banned discrimination in employment and in public accommodations.
The 24th amendment was passed to stop a tax for voting. This tax stopped poor people from voting.