Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was born on December 27, 1525 in Palestrina Italy. He spent most of his life in and around churches, directing choirs and choruses. He was a choir singer in the church of St. Agapit at only seven years old. Palestrina then worked at the S. Maria Maggiore until turning 19. He may have trained with Robin Mallapert, Firmin Le Bel, or Jacques Arcadelt during his time there. In 1550, Pope Julius III appointed Palestrina as the choirmaster of the Julian Chapel of St. Peter's. When the next pope came into power Palestrina was dismissed for having a wife which was against the traditions of the church. After this Palestrina worked at several churches in and around Rome and his home town of Palestrina. Giovanni composed mostly religious pieces. Some of his works include Missa Ad coenam Agni, Missa Ave Regina coelorum, and Missa Emendemus. One of Palestrina's patrons was St. Charles. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is most closely linked to Idealism and Classicism. Most of his works were very religious and portrayed emotions we were supposed to be feeling at a certain event or during a certain time. Giovanni's pieces were also very elegant and defined.
The name of this piece is O Magnum Mysterium, it was published in around 1569. This piece is polyphonic, most of the syllables are sung at the same time by multiple voices throughout the piece. This piece shows the emotion we are supposed to feel at Christmas. The true meaning of the holiday is to celebrate Christ and this piece is trying to convey that. The piece contains many voices singing the same message. This expresses that we should be unified during Christmas and express our joy for each other and Jesus. Idealism is most closely linked to this piece because it shows how people should be feeling and acting on Christmas. It portrays the ideal version of the holiday spirit. I find this piece interesting because of the way all of the voices come together to express a simple message in an extremely powerful way.