Glossary PSYCHOLOGY

Unit 2

Phobia: usually defined as an irrational fear which interferes with/ prevents ‘normal functioning’ in some way

UNit 1

Dreamwork- what the mind is doing whilst dreaming - keeping unconscious thoughts hidden and repressed.
Manifest content - what the dream is said to be about by the dreamer- the story of the dreamer tells
Latent content- the meaning of underlying the dream if the symbol from the manifest content are translated by an analyst they can reveal unconscious thoughts
Condensation - when many thoughts are elements from the unconscious are represented in the dream in one symbol
Displacement - when something that seems to be unimportant in the dream is made central to shift attention from what is really important
Secondary elaboration- how the dreamer builds a story when telling what the dream is about adding to and changing things which makes analysis hard
Symbols -A symbol is a person or a concept that represents, stands for or suggests another idea, visual image, belief, action or material entity.
Generalisability - refers to findings of studies and how far they can be said to be true of people other than those that can be said to be true of people other than those that were studied. If findings are thought to be true of other people then they are generalisable. (small sample sizes are weakness of the case study)
Reliability - refers to whether findings from a study would be found again if the study was repeated. A study is reliable if the findings are replicated (found again) (it can be a weakness because small sample is difficult to replicate)
Objectivity - refers to research methods where the researcher is somehow affecting the results perhaps by their interpretation (it can be a weakness because it is very hard for a person to stay objective to a sample they have studied for a long time)
Validity - refers to a test's ability to measure what it is supposed to measure
Ethics/ Ethical: moral issues which are dealt with using guidelines and principles
Movement Inhibition - During REM sleep the body is paralysed and there is no movement
Sensory Blockade - During REM sleep no information is coming in through the senses
Synthesis - The brain tries to make sense of the random activation of neurons and this sense is the dream
Rem Sleep- A stage of sleep that occurs about five times each night which there is rapid eye movement (REM) which indicates that dreaming is taking place
Random Activation- During REM sleep neurons are still active randomly not deliberately
Transference: describes the way of a client will transfer their emotions-love, hate and anger- on to the analyst who must be prepared for this
Countertransference: The way an analyst is likely, in turn to transfer their own feelings back onto client

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