1. Registration with the United Nations.
2. Interview with the United Nations.
3. Refugee status granted by the United Nations.
4. Referral for resettlement in the United States.
5. Interview with State Department contractors.
6. First background check.
7. Higher-level background check for some.
8. Another background check.
9. First fingerprint screening; photo taken.
10. Second fingerprint screening.
11. Third fingerprint screening.
12. Case reviewed at United States immigration headquarters.
13. Some cases referred for additional review.
14. Extensive, in-person interview with Homeland Security officer.
15. Homeland Security approval is required.
16. Screening for contagious diseases.
17. Cultural orientation class.
18. Matched with an American resettlement agency.
19. Multi-agency security check before leaving for the United States.
20. Final security check at an American airport.
- Education levels: Refugees, both male and female, were as likely to have a higher level degree (Bachelors or above) as their U.S. born counterparts.
- Employment levels: Refugee men were more likely to be employed than U.S. born male citizens and female refugees were as likely as U.S. born females.
- Income levels: Despite comparable levels of education and employment refugees have lower median levels of income than immigrants and U.S. born citizens.
An analysis of data shows that as refugee’s time in the United States increases, their level of income and rates of public benefit participation approach parity with those of U.S. born and other immigrants (Migration Policy Institute). Findings support the claim that refugees become self-supporting over time, despite being more economically disadvantaged than any other group of refugees before.