Mao Zedong By: Joe Osborn

Mao Zedong was an activist, a soldier and also the person who had a significant role in the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. He was an ambitious political genius who took the courage to protect China from the attack of foreign invaders and tried to help in industrial and agricultural growth of China.

  1. Mao Zedong was a visionary. After spending his childhood doing farming at his family owned lands, he joined China’s Communist party and started making histories.
  2. Initially, Mao used to support Chinese leader Sun Yat-sen.
  3. He used to support both the Kuomintang and the Communist Party in the beginning.
  4. He later became a follower of the Leninist ideas, where he believed farming peasants can help in communism in Asia.
  5. Mao didn’t have a very good relation with Chiang Kai-shek, who was the immediate in power after Sun Yat-sen and became the chairman in 1925 after his death.
  6. Chiang Kai-shek was very conservative by nature and Mao didn’t like his ideologies.
  7. Mao’s reforms were more liberal in the beginning. He launched Hundred Flowers Campaign in 1956 which offered freedom of opinions and allowed others to express their thoughts.
  8. Unfortunately, his campaign didn’t do very well as it saw less response and he had to face vast criticism from the urban people.
  9. He began to fear about losing power and control and immediately labelled thousands of Chinese “rightists”.
  10. Although Mao’s new campaign Great Leap Forward was directed toward agricultural and industrial production improvement, the result wasn’t great because of floods and bad harvests. Not only that, even the news of massive industrial production appeared false.
  11. Unfortunately, between 1959 and 1961, the whole country went through a severe loss as around 40 million people died of hunger.
  12. Some people believed that Mao had the spirit to drive a revolution, but didn’t have the ability to run a country.
  13. Many of the Mao inspired revolutions destroyed country’s national heritage and created economic and social mess countrywide.
  14. Some of his critics also said that Mao created a false crisis that only he could solve.
  15. Mao lost most of his powers due to bad decisions and dirty politics. It was the year 1972 when he again tried to restore his position.
  16. This was the time when he tried US-China collaboration to ease the relation and stabilize the tensions going on between the two countries.
  17. By that time, Mao’s health was already worsening. It was the reason he couldn’t stand strong on his words and made his statements clear during official meetings.
  18. Mao died at the age of 82. He had a really controversial legacy.
  19. Despite having the courage to fight for his visions, many of his decisions went wrong and brought mass destruction.
  20. Mao’s intention to close China’s trade and market didn’t get any support from his successors.
  21. Mao Zedong's father arranged his marriage to a 17 year old girl at the age of only 14 in order to unite the two families. Mao never accepted the marriage and his wife Luo Yigu died in 1910.
  22. In 1918 Mao Zedong became a certified teacher.
  23. Unable to find work as a teacher Mao Zedong moved to Beijing and worked as a librarian assistant at the university.
  24. In 1921 Mao Zedong joined the Chinese Communist Party.
  25. For a few years the National Party and the Communist Party worked in cooperation, and Mao Zedong rose in the political ranks in the Communist Party.
  26. Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China in 1949, making him the absolute leader of China.
  27. Those who disagreed with Mao Zedong were executed. He was considered to be a brutal leader.
  28. Mao Zedong set up many labor camps in China, where millions were sent, and many died.
  29. Mao Zedong announced a plan in 1958 to industrialize his country. He named it the Great Leap Forward, and instead of making China great, it backfired.
  30. Because of Mao Zedong's industrialization plan for China, approximately 40 million people died of starvation. The famine destroyed Mao's reputation and he lost his absolute power.


Created with images by Abode of Chaos - "Mao Zedong, painted portrait DDC_2425.JPG" • dalbera - "La Cérémonie de Fondation (Musée national de Chine, Beijing)" • dalbera - "Salle Andy Warhol (Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin)" • Matt Spurr - "Guard outside Forbidden City, Beijing"

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