Period 7 1890-1945

Massacre at wounded knee (1890)

Massacre of the Sioux chief big foot and 350 Indians by the US troops at wounded knee creek. End

15 million immigrants (1890-1950's)

After depression of 1890, new immmigrants began to come from Europe and during WWI. High number of immigration during progressive era.

Hawaii annexed (1898)

Hawaii was not annexed until 1898 under president William McKinley. It became a US territory and Dole became its first governor.

Peace with Spain, U.S receives territories (1898)

Peace arranged by the treaty of Paris in 1898 and Cuba was freed. US also gained possession of Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.

Open door policy (1899)

America provided that all great powers should have free access to ports within its sphere, mainly china.

Triangle shirtwaist factory fire (1911)

Fire in New York City, where 146 workers were killed as one of the worst industrial disasters. Showed the harsh working conditions.

16th amendment (1913)

Gave congress the right to impose a federal income tax on all Americans.

Federal reserve act (1913)

An act of congress that established the federal reserve system which is the central banking system of the US.

Sinking of Lusitania (1915)

During the First World War, Germany submarine attacked the Lusitania because of a naval blockade by U.K. On Germany.

Harlem renaissance begins (1920's)

A literary and intellectual growth of black culture. It was a social and artistic explosion that began in Harlem New York.

US enters WW1 (1917)

Germany announced its unrestricted war fare in war zone and attacked American ships with submarines. Most were not in favor of US entering war and wanted to remain neutral.

Revenue act (1917)

A federal income tax on American people that raised tax prices in order to help raise more money for War during WW1.

18th amendment (1918)

This amendment prohibited production, sale, and transport of alcohol in the US. Repealed years laters.

Red Summer (1919)

A series of race riots events that happened in big cities such as Chicago where whites rioted blacks, especially during the great migration to the North.

Treaty of Versailles (1919)

Treaty that officially ended World War 1. Signed by allied powers and demanded reparations from Germany.

19th amendment (1920)

prohibited the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex. Gave women right to vote.

Lindbergh crosses the Atlantic (1927)

Charles Lindbergh became the first person to fly nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean

Stock market crashes (1929)

Also known as Black Tuesday, the Wall Street stock market crashed 16 million shares in one day. One of the causes of the Great Depression.

Bonus army (1932)

Veterans protest in Washington DC demanding their bonus for wartime services. Hoover ordered them to be driven away by violence.

Bank holiday (1933)

Declared by FDR in march 6, 1933, all banks were shut down for a few days. Reorganized and stocks went back up after opening again.

NRA, AAA, FDIC.... (1933)

Acts and administrations that gave public relief to the people and worked to regain revenue for the economy.

21st amendment (1933)

Ratified in 1933, this amendment repealed the 18th amendment and made alcohol legal again.

SEC (1934)

The US securities and exchange committee is a government agency that oversees securities transactions, activities of financial professionals and mutual fund trading to prevent fraud and intentional deception.

Social security act(1935)

law enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to create a system of transfer payments in which younger, working people support older, retired people

Wagner Act (1935)

law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees to organize into trade unions, engage in collective bargaining for better terms and conditions at work,

Court packing plan (1937)

Legislative initiative proposed by FDR to add justices to the Supreme Court. Suspected to help him pass laws in his favor.

Japan invades China (1937-1945)

Attempt of Japanese expansion in china to get rid of nationalist government of chiang kai shek. Defeated by western powers and Chinese allies

Fair labor standards act (1938)

establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards affecting full-time and part-time workers in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments.

World war 2 begins (1939-1945)

Axis powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria) versus Allies (U.S., Britain, France, USSR, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China.

Lend-lease act (1941)

Principle in which U.S gave military aids to allied countries. Authorized president to send military arms.

Japan attacks Pearl Harbor (1941)

surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor.

Yalta conference (1945)

second wartime meeting of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to discuss post world war 2 planning.

V-E day (1945)

May 8, 1945 marked the victory of the allied powers and surrender of German armies.

Atomic bombs (1945)

After the defeat of the Germans, the Japan tension was still constant which led US to the bombing of Hiroshima. One of the most crucial attacks in history, ending all of world war 2.

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