Ancient Greece Eden Wondmeneh

CULTURE - BRUTAL and BARBARIC - 45s

  • Origin story of Rome full of bloodshed, savagery and betrayal (Remus and Romulus)
  • Rome betrayed their predecessors that taught them everything they knew Etruscan
  • When their neighbors did not like them they murdered all of the men and raped the woman.
  • Even Livy could not find a redeeming quality to their past
  • Blood sport : Its lowest class and slaves were forced to fight till the death. Its citizens found entertainment in the brutal slaughter of people. Greece on the other hand treated its people much better and found entertainment in theater and the Olympics which they created and has stood the test of time.
  • Blood sport was put into practise only to appease the lowerclasses to prevent an inevitble uprising.
  • Colonizsing : Rome made all of the people from conquered lands become slaves up where as Alexander The Great wanted to make those who he conquered happy and comfertable
  • Treatment of Children : Abandoned unwanted children, only wealthy kids could go to school where as in Greece there was primary school, high school and military school
  • Nero Emperor - 54-68, Killed his father who was his predecessor, killed his mother and his two wives, burnt down his city so that he could rebuild it
  • Punishment Tactics : Flogging in public, Crucifixion : although they did not create it they perfected it as a method of torture as it was a slow death that would humiliate the victim

DEVELOPMENT - 60s

  • PHILOSOPHY
  • Socrates : Socratic method - question and awnswer technique of studying issues, made people examine their belifs
  • Aristotle - established first scientific institute Lycium, believe reason was the most important and praised self-reliance and control. Invented a method of debating according to logic and applied it to science.
  • Plato : The Republic - No one has too much power and wealth, people do what they are suited (democracy, equality and occupational specialization all used today and still believed), questioned what justice is
  • his book is still read and study in philosphy and political scienes course till this day
  • Created the three school of philosphy : Epicureanism - about pleasure and peace of mind, Stoicism - Virtue is the sole of good, Scepticism - can never reach certain truth
  • Came up with the Hippocratic oath : Oath medical professionals take
  • MATHEMATICS
  • Euclid - Mathematician who opened first school of Geometry. His book, The elements contains 465 geometry propostions and was used as the main way of teaching math specifically geometry untill the 1970s
  • Archamedes : mathematician, physicist, engineerm inventor, atronomer, invented the value of pi and exponentiation for very large numbers
  • Pythagoras : pythagorean theorem : first recordered proof
  • SCIENCE
  • Thales : father of physics, he asked what are all things made of
  • Aristotale and Greeks belive that all the worls is made up of four elements and that these elements are madeup of invisible, indivisible patricles (atoms)
  • Aristotle : taxonomy, botany, zoology
  • Erthosthenes : attempted to calculate the circumference of the earth but missed by abour 1%
  • Arsitarchus of Samos: pushed the Copernican theory (sun is motionless and the earth and other planets roate around it in circular paths) 2000 years pror to Copernicus.
  • ARCHITECTURE
  • Doric, Ionic, Corinthian
  • A way for columns to look more symetrical then they really are
  • became masters at blending a building in with its surroundings (theaters took into account the natural acousitcs and allowed actors to be heard by thousands)
  • Corinthian used in most Roman Architecture (Temple of Sybil)
  • Not using concrete showed a high level of complexity and skill
  • made a lasting impact as are used in the White House, Lincoln Memorial
  • Grand outdoor thearters and ampitheatures
  • built slanted roofs so water would flow off when it rained
  • ARTS
  • allowed for creativity and growth and were open to outside influences, often used marble, gold, silver, ivory
  • Classic Sculpture - huge jump in human form
  • Sculptures became much more realistic and are the most famous in the world (Hermes of Praxiteles, Strangford of Apollo, Lady of Auxerre, Athena Parthenos, Statue of Zeus at Olympia)
  • were able to capture details, personality and charcter in scluputers
  • Greek sculpture inspuire Romans and great scrulptors of Renaissance
  • The Orginin of Theatre in festivals honouring Dionysus
  • The only reason Rome held activities was to prevent an uprising of the lower class
  • SPORTS
  • Olympics games held in connected city states with wrestling, javelin, discus, sprinting.
  • Held in Olympia from 8th century BC to 4th century AD
  • Held every four years
  • LITERATURE
  • Aesop's fables, Ilyad, The odyssesy
  • First Historian : Herodotus
  • coined the term history
  • Herodotus' chronicles of the persian wars pushes what we can learn from history and the forces that affect human lives
  • father of history and cultural anthropology
  • his attutude towars other cultures was not that they were wrong but that they are to be admired
  • his teheme was freedome and the value of living in a free society
  • RELIGION
  • Rome essentially just copied and pasted the Greek religion.
  • All of the gods in roman culture are exactly the same as the Greeks except with different names. (Aphrodite and Venus)

GOVERNMENT - 30s

  • the cradle of democracy
  • Although Rome made the first census, it in no way created democracy or equality. The rich still ruled and woman had no rights
  • In Rome political integrity did not exist country was run on the country greed and profiteering
  • Rome was not a democracy but aristocracy and oligarchy and part democracy
  • First to have a jury in trails
  • Rome went from a democracy to a empire therefore moving backwar

Credits:

Created with images by Little Red Shoes - "Greek Parthanon"

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